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Introduction to SQLite ISYS 475. Download SQLite – Precompiled Binaries for Windows Create a folder “sqlite” under c:\xampp.

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Presentation on theme: "Introduction to SQLite ISYS 475. Download SQLite – Precompiled Binaries for Windows Create a folder “sqlite” under c:\xampp."— Presentation transcript:

1 Introduction to SQLite ISYS 475

2 Download SQLite – Precompiled Binaries for Windows Create a folder “sqlite” under c:\xampp and copy the downloaded program to the folder.

3 Introduction SQLite is a database system that is: – self-contained: It requires very minimal support from external libraries; – Serverless: reads and writes directly from the database files on disk and requires no intermediary server process. SQLite itself is the server. – zero-configuration: It does not need to be "installed" before it is used. There is no "setup" procedure; – transactional: all changes and queries appear to be Atomic, Consistent, Isolated, and Durable (ACID) that can survives system failure. – It is small. A typical installation occupies only about 256K on your drive.

4 Where are good places to use it? In desktop applications. SQLite makes a great application file format. You can use SQL, don't have to design your own file format. For smaller websites. SQLite should be able to manage a site that gets under 100,000 hits a day easily. In other words, most websites would be fine with SQLite as the database. For embedded devices. The uses in the iPhone and Symbian are good examples of this.

5 Two Ways of Working with SQLite SQLite Command Line PHP/SQLite

6 Starting SQLite Command Line To start the sqlite3 program from the Windows command prompt, just type "sqlite3" followed by the name the file that holds the SQLite database. If the file does not exist, a new one is created automatically. Note: The standard extension for SQLite database is “.sqlite”

7 Helpful links Command line commands: – – mands_and_general_usage.html

8 For a listing of the available dot commands, you can enter ".help" at any time

9 .read FILENAME Execute SQL in FILENAME sqlite>.read c:\\teaching\\475\\MySQLOrder.txt sqlite>.tables customers odetails orders products salesreps tbl1 Note: Need the escape character, “\\”

10 .databases List names and files of attached databases sqlite>.database seq name file main c:\xampp\Sqlite\salesdb.sqlite sqlite>

11 .tables List names of tables sqlite>.tables customers odetails orders products salesreps

12 .schema Show the CREATE statements sqlite>.schema CREATE TABLE customers (cid char(3), cname varchar(20), rating char(1), city varchar(20)); CREATE TABLE odetails(oid char(3), pid char(3),qty decimal(5,1)); CREATE TABLE orders(oid char(3), cid char(3),sid char(3),odate date); CREATE TABLE products(pid char(7), pname varchar(15), price decimal(6,2), onhand decimal(5,1)); CREATE TABLE salesreps(sid char(3),sname varchar(20),phone char(4)); CREATE TABLE tbl1(one varchar(10), two smallint);

13 .backup sqlite>.backup c:\\xampp\\sqlite\\backup.txt

14 .mode MODE Set output mode where MODE is one of: csv Comma-separated values column Left-aligned columns. html HTML code insert SQL insert statements for TABLE line One value per line list Values delimited by.separator string tabs Tab-separated values tcl TCL list elements sqlite>.mode list sqlite> select * from tbl1;

15 Set output to html sqlite>.mode html sqlite> select * from customers; C1 MYERS A CHICAGO C2 GOODMAN A SAN FRANCISCO C3 LEE B CHICAGO C4 GRAUER C LOS ANGELES

16 Other Commands.output FILENAME Send output to FILENAME.output stdout Send output to the screen.quit

17 PHP and SQLite k.sqlite.php

18 PHP Links to SQLite This is an extension for the SQLite Embeddable SQL Database Engine. SQLite is a C library that implements an embeddable SQL database engine. Programs that link with the SQLite library can have SQL database access without running a separate RDBMS process. SQLite is the server. The SQLite library reads and writes directly to and from the database files on disk.

19 Run phpinfo();

20 Two Ways of Working with SQLite Using PDO commands Using PHP/SQLIte commands

21 Working with an existing Sqlite database with PDO DSN: sqlite:absolute path to database Example: sqlite:c:\\xampp\\Sqlite\\salesdb.sqlite

22 Define a database handler 2. Connecting to a database at a specified path: $db = new PDO("sqlite:c:\\xampp\\Sqlite\\salesdb.sqlite"); 1. Connecting to a database in the current project folder: $db = new PDO("sqlite:SalesDB.sqlite");

23 Run SQL SELECT command and fetch records query("SELECT * FROM customers"); $result->setFetchMode(PDO::FETCH_ASSOC); while($row = $result->fetch()) { echo $row['cid']. " ". $row['cname']. " ". $row['city']. " ". $row['rating']. " "; } ?>

24 Using foreach query("SELECT * FROM customers"); $result->setFetchMode(PDO::FETCH_ASSOC); foreach ($result as $row) { echo $row['cid']. " ". $row['cname']. " ". $row['city']. " ". $row['rating']. " "; } ?>

25 Use PDO exec to run Insert exec("INSERT INTO customers VALUES ('c6','chen','sf', 'a')"); ?>

26 Use PDO exec to run Delete exec("DELETE FROM customers WHERE cid = 'c6'"); print("Deleted $count rows.\n"); ?>

27 Use PDO to create a new sqlite database DSN: sqlite:absolute path to database Example: sqlite:customer.sqlite sqlite:c:\\xampp\\sqlite\\customer.sqlite Note: If the database does not exist, SQLite will create it. But we need to execute SQL CREATE TABLE command to create tables.

28 Define a database handler 2. Creating a new database at a specified path: $db = new PDO("sqlite:c:\\xampp\\sqlite\\customer.sqlite"); 1. Creating a new database in the current project folder: $db = new PDO("sqlite:customer.sqlite");

29 Creating a New SQLite Table Use exec() command to run the CREATE TABLE command: $db->exec('CREATE TABLE customer (cid CHAR(5) PRIMARY KEY, cname CHAR(25), city CHAR(25), rating CHAR(1))');

30 Run SQL Insert commands to add records exec('CREATE TABLE customer (cid CHAR(5) PRIMARY KEY, cname CHAR(25), city CHAR(25), rating CHAR(1))'); $db->exec("INSERT INTO customer VALUES ('c1','peter','sf', 'a')"); $db->exec("INSERT INTO customer VALUES ('c2','paul','la', 'b')"); $db->exec("INSERT INTO customer VALUES ('c3','mary','sf', 'a')"); ?>

31 Run SQL SELECT command and fetch records query("SELECT * FROM customer"); $result->setFetchMode(PDO::FETCH_ASSOC); foreach ($result as $row) { echo $row['cid']. " ". $row['cname']. " ". $row['city']. " ". $row['rating']. " "; } ?>

32 Using PHP/SQLIte3 class SQLite3::__construct — Instantiates an SQLite3 object and opens an SQLite 3 database SQLite3::query — Executes an SQL query and returns a SQLite3Result class SQLite3Result::fetchArray — Fetches a result row as an associative or numerically indexed array or both SQLite3::exec — Executes a result-less query against a given database SQLite3::changes — Returns the number of database rows that were changed (or inserted or deleted) SQLite3::close — Closes the database connection

33 Working with SQLite3 class query("SELECT * FROM customer"); while($row = $result->fetchArray()) { echo $row['cid']. " ". $row['cname']. " ". $row['city']. " ". $row['rating']. " "; } ?>

34 Adding a record exec("INSERT INTO customer VALUES ('c6','chen','sf', 'a')"); echo $db->changes(). 'record added'; ?>

35 Deleting a record exec("DELETE FROM customer WHERE cid = 'c6'"); echo $db->changes(). 'record deleted'; ?>

36 In-memory database An in-memory database (IMDB; also main memory database system or MMDB) is a database management system that primarily relies on main memory for computer data storage. It is contrasted with database management systems which employ a disk storage mechanism. Main memory databases are faster than disk-optimized databases since the internal optimization algorithms are simpler and execute fewer CPU instructions. Accessing data in memory eliminates seek time when querying the data, which provides faster and more predictable performance than disk

37 Creating SQLite Database in Memory DSN: sqlite::memory: – Example: $db = new PDO("sqlite::memory:"); Note: there is a “:” after the word memory. The database ceases to exist as soon as the database connection is closed. opening two database connections each with the filename ":memory:" will create two independent in- memory databases.

38 In Memory Database Example exec('CREATE TABLE customer (cid CHAR(5) PRIMARY KEY, cname CHAR(25), city CHAR(25), rating CHAR(1))'); $db->exec("INSERT INTO customer VALUES ('c1','peter','sf', 'a')"); $db->exec("INSERT INTO customer VALUES ('c2','paul','la', 'b')"); $db->exec("INSERT INTO customer VALUES ('c3','mary','sf', 'a')"); $result=$db->query("SELECT * FROM customer"); $result->setFetchMode(PDO::FETCH_ASSOC); foreach ($result as $row) { echo $row['cid']. " ". $row['cname']. " ". $row['city']. " ". $row['rating']. " "; } ?>

39 ATTACH DATABASE The ATTACH DATABASE statement adds another database file to the current database connection. Example: – ATTACH DATABASE "FromDisk.sqlite" AS diskdb; Tables in an attached database can be referred to using the syntax database-name.table- name.

40 Copy Disk Database to Memory exec('ATTACH "c:\\xampp\\sqlite\\salesdb.sqlite" AS diskdb'); $dbMemo->exec('create table customer as select * from diskdb.customers'); $dbMemo->exec('DETACH diskdb'); $result=$dbMemo->query("SELECT * FROM customer"); $result->setFetchMode(PDO::FETCH_ASSOC); foreach ($result as $row) { echo $row['cid']. " ". $row['cname']. " ". $row['city']. " ". $row['rating']. " "; } ?>

41 Copy Memory Database to disk exec('CREATE TABLE customer (cid CHAR(5) PRIMARY KEY, cname CHAR(25), city CHAR(25), rating CHAR(1))'); $db->exec("INSERT INTO customer VALUES ('c12','peter','sf', 'a')"); $db->exec("INSERT INTO customer VALUES ('c22','paul','la', 'b')"); $db->exec("INSERT INTO customer VALUES ('c32','mary','sf', 'a')"); $result=$db->query("SELECT * FROM customer"); $result->setFetchMode(PDO::FETCH_ASSOC); foreach ($result as $row) { echo $row['cid']. " ". $row['cname']. " ". $row['city']. " ". $row['rating']. " "; } $db->exec('ATTACH "c:\\xampp\\sqlite\\customer.sqlite" AS diskdb'); $db->exec('insert into diskdb.customer select * from customer'); $db->exec('DETACH diskdb'); $dbSave = new PDO('sqlite:c:\\xampp\\sqlite\\customer.sqlite'); $result=$dbSave->query("SELECT * FROM customer"); $result->setFetchMode(PDO::FETCH_ASSOC); foreach ($result as $row) { echo $row['cid']. " ". $row['cname']. " ". $row['city']. " ". $row['rating']. " "; } ?>


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