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GEOG 135 – Economic Geography Professor: Dr. Jean-Paul Rodrigue Hofstra University, Department of Global Studies & Geography Topic 9 – Transportation and.

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Presentation on theme: "GEOG 135 – Economic Geography Professor: Dr. Jean-Paul Rodrigue Hofstra University, Department of Global Studies & Geography Topic 9 – Transportation and."— Presentation transcript:

1 GEOG 135 – Economic Geography Professor: Dr. Jean-Paul Rodrigue Hofstra University, Department of Global Studies & Geography Topic 9 – Transportation and Communications A – Transport Networks and Costs B – Transport Systems

2 © Dr. Jean-Paul Rodrigue Conditions of Usage ■ For personal and classroom use only Excludes any other forms of communication such as conference presentations, published reports and papers. ■ No modification and redistribution permitted Cannot be published, in whole or in part, in any form (printed or electronic) and on any media without consent. ■ Citation Dr. Jean-Paul Rodrigue, Dept. of Global Studies & Geography, Hofstra University.

3 © Dr. Jean-Paul Rodrigue A – TRANSPORT NETWORKS AND COSTS 1.The Function of Transportation 2.Transportation Networks 3.Transportation Costs

4 © Dr. Jean-Paul Rodrigue 1. Transportation as a Derived Demand WorkingWorking Activity VacationingVacationing Derived Demand ManufacturingManufacturing Commuting Taxi Air travel Touring bus Taxi Air travel Touring bus Trucks Containership Trucks Containership Direct Energy Indirect Warehousing

5 © Dr. Jean-Paul Rodrigue 1. Core Components of Transportation Modes Conveyances (vehicles) used to move passengers or freight. Mobile elements of transportation. Infrastructures Physical support of transport modes, such as routes and terminals. Fixed elements of transportation. Networks System of linked locations (nodes). Functional and spatial organization of transportation. Flows Movements of people, freight and information over their network. Flows have origins, intermediary locations and destinations.

6 © Dr. Jean-Paul Rodrigue 1. Operational Differences between Passengers and Freight Transportation Board, get off and transfer without assistance. Process information and act on it without assistance. Make choices between transport modes without assistance but often irrationally. Require travel accommodations related to comfort and safety. Must be loaded, unloaded and transferred. Information must be processed through logistics managers. Logistics managers meet choices between transport modes rationally. Require limited travel accommodations.

7 © Dr. Jean-Paul Rodrigue 2. Centrifugal and Centripetal Networks CentrifugalCentripetal

8 © Dr. Jean-Paul Rodrigue 3. Distance, Modal Choice and Transport Costs Distance Transport costs per unit Road RailMaritime D1D2 C1 C2 C3

9 © Dr. Jean-Paul Rodrigue 3. Freight Transport Costs in Dollars per Ton-Mile

10 © Dr. Jean-Paul Rodrigue Average Haul Length, Domestic Freight in the United States, (in miles)

11 © Dr. Jean-Paul Rodrigue Typical Ocean Freight Costs for some Products (Asia – United States or Asia – Europe) Typical Shelf Price Shipping CostsShipping Costs Share LCD TV Set$700$ % Digital Camera (high range) $450$ % Vacuum Cleaner$150$ % Scotch Whisky (bottle)$50$ % Coffee (1 kg)$15$ % Biscuits (Tin)$3$ % Beer (Can)$1$ % Apple$0.75$ %

12 © Dr. Jean-Paul Rodrigue Household Expenditures on Transport, United States, 2005

13 © Dr. Jean-Paul Rodrigue B – TRANSPORT SYSTEMS 1.Passenger and Freight Options 2.Transport Modes 3.Telecommunications

14 © Dr. Jean-Paul Rodrigue 1. Main Passenger Modal Options Air Scheduled Charter Car Taxi Van/Bus Road Intercity HSR Subway Commuter LRT Monorail Rail Maritime Ferry Cruise Transit Bicycle Walking Motorcycle RoRo High Speed

15 © Dr. Jean-Paul Rodrigue 1. Main Freight Modal Options Air Package Heavy Package Less than Truckload (LTL) Truck Dry Van Tank Flatbed Curtainside Reefer Hopper Open Top Unit Train Carload Boxcar Tank Car Flat Car Reefer Hopper Gondola Rail Maritime Break-bulk Liquid Bulk RoRo Dry Bulk ISO Container Reefer Flatrack Pipeline Oil Gas Water Tank Inland / Coastal Tow River/sea Tank barge Deck barge Hopper barge Container Chassis Intermodal Freighter Bellyhold Truckload (TL) TOFC Domestic

16 © Dr. Jean-Paul Rodrigue 2. World Road Network

17 © Dr. Jean-Paul Rodrigue Length of the Interstate Highway System and of the Chinese Expressway System, (in km)

18 © Dr. Jean-Paul Rodrigue 2. World Rail Network and Rail Systems

19 © Dr. Jean-Paul Rodrigue Rail Track Mileage and Number of Class I Rail Carriers, United States,

20 © Dr. Jean-Paul Rodrigue 2. Domains of Maritime Circulation

21 © Dr. Jean-Paul Rodrigue 2. Evolution of Containerships A B C D E Early Containerships (1956-) Panamax (1980-) Post Panamax (1988-) New Panamax (2014-) Fully Cellular (1970-) Panamax Max (1985-) Post Panamax Plus (2000-) Post New Panamax (2006-) Triple E (2013-) 500 – 800 TEU 1,000 – 2,500 TEU 3,000 – 3,400 TEU 3,400 – 4,500 TEU 4,000 – 5,000 TEU 6,000 – 8,000 TEU 12,500 TEU 15,000 TEU 18,000 TEU 200x20x9 137x17x9 215x20x10 250x32x x32x x40x13 300x43x x49x x59x x56x15.5 ; 22–10–8 (not shown) (LOA – Beam – Draft) A B C D E 6 containers across 4 containers high on deck 4 containers high below deck

22 © Dr. Jean-Paul Rodrigue World Air Travel and World Air Freight Carried,

23 © Dr. Jean-Paul Rodrigue 2. World’s Major Container Ports, 2010

24 © Dr. Jean-Paul Rodrigue 2. Passenger Traffic at the World’s Largest Airports, 2010

25 © Dr. Jean-Paul Rodrigue 2. Latitudinal Intermediacy: COPA Airlines

26 © Dr. Jean-Paul Rodrigue 2. Freight Traffic at the World’s Largest Airports, 2010

27 © Dr. Jean-Paul Rodrigue 3. Global Submarine Cable Network


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