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Violent Volcanoes BY: Rachelle A.~ Taylor B. ~ Alina N. ~ Aldrin O. ~ Brennen S. ~ Kit T.

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Presentation on theme: "Violent Volcanoes BY: Rachelle A.~ Taylor B. ~ Alina N. ~ Aldrin O. ~ Brennen S. ~ Kit T."— Presentation transcript:

1 Violent Volcanoes BY: Rachelle A.~ Taylor B. ~ Alina N. ~ Aldrin O. ~ Brennen S. ~ Kit T. http://www.solarviews.com/raw/mars/olympus.jpg

2 Research Question Where on Mars are the most violent volcanoes located? Our research question is important because our data could tell us if a certain area on Mars has more volcanic activity. If we ever inhabited Mars, we would know where we should not inhabit because of more, or more violent volcanic activity. Our science question is interesting because we get to learn about the size of a lot of the volcanoes on Mars and how violent they erupt. We could also find eruption patterns and know when to predict a big eruption.

3 Hypothesis Everyone’s Hypothesis - If the location of the volcano determines the violence level, then the most violent volcanoes will be located around 0 degrees longitude and 0 degrees latitude because it is warmer away from the Northern and Southern poles. http://www.akademy.co.uk/mars/images/mars%20face%20and%20north%20ice.jpg

4 Background Information http://www.wired.com/images_blogs/photos/uncategorized/2008/03/18/mars_volcano.jpg

5 What are volcanoes on Mars? Volcanoes are a vent in the crust of mars through which lava, steam, and ashes are expelled. They are mountain or hill like and usually have a crater at the summit. http://www.geography.learnontheinternet.co.uk/images/nathaz/volcanoxsec.gif

6 Example of violent volcanoes on Mars This Is a picture of Olympus Mons, the largest volcano on Mars. It is 24 kilometers high, and 550 kilometers wide. We think that this could be one of the more violent volcanoes on mars because it is the largest. http://apod.nasa.gov/apod/ap970915.html

7 How are volcanoes on Mars formed? Volcanoes on Mars are formed just like the volcanoes on Earth. Volcanoes on Mars are formed when molten rock, or magma underground builds up pressure and spews out of the ground. Larger volcanoes are formed by many eruptions in the same place. http://www.planetpals.com/images/LearnaboutVolcanos.jpg

8 Spacecraft NASA’s Mars odyssey Camera THEMIS Camera Image Type Visible image- to see details within craters MOLA- to see context of image and depth Geologic Features studied -Volcanoes -lava flows Geologic regions we focused on -The entire map of Mars

9 Sample Size100 THEMIS IMAGES used to gather data. Categories of Data to be collected and why Image ID #- Keep track of the specific image analyzed Latitude/Longitude- Keep track of locations and their proximity Misc. Data- to record any other interesting information not warranted by our necessary data categories but certainly important to our study Direction of Lava Flow - This can help us because we can know where the violent volcano is located. Distance of lava flow (km) - If there is more lava or if it the lava is longer, this will tell us if it a violent volcano or not. Measurements Rough estimation relative to image parameter based on THEMIS camera’s Visible Image range of 18km

10 Data Image Id Longitude (E/W)Latitude (N/S)Distance Of Lava Flow (km)Direction Of Lava Flow (Misc. Obsrv.) V0169501372.20.15there are plenty wind streaks I03887002-242.01-20.139has modified craters near it V05948001209.33-69has a canyon V06335017183.0216.0213has destroyed craters V27451020186.7623.9715.75 V08257003217.16-27.6716canyons surround it V05908002237.3816.8216has preserved craters V06483032234.3311.1817.5has preserved craters V07881023236.422.3818has preserved craters V01663004276.711.7318one preserved crater V03687008226.8818.1718 V08805011230.121719 V27548035265.382.1430 V05834011232.1826.2130canyons are near V27427031156.837.2431.5 V27401034189.1923.531.5 V29333007251.8628.6231.5 V27687002243.15-4.9347.25 V27773025254.554.9647.25

11 V27662005242.2-21.0263 V27400006240.81-21.1163 V27786018241.6620.4263 V27124028258.7311.0663 V07819019226.5918.4563 V05249002207.37-9.1763there are many craters V05384021246.880.8663there are canyons V12935003249.973.44100kmSouthwest V01655001173.56-8.29100kmSoutheast V2446100359.08-57.56100kmSoutheast V16695002173.03-7.61100kmSoutheast V13600002174-8.58100kmSoutheast V23631002250.36-7.97100kmNortheast V22656012271.4817.1100kmNortheast V24565002220.06-14.31100kmSouthwest I07900011243.45-5.58100kmSoutheast V14057009284.812.42100kmWest V05446003226.56-9.5412kmSouth V21162005242.2-21.02133kmSouth V24342004258.58-20.1150kmNorthwest V10089011272.734.87150kmNortheast V23369001247.05-17.84159kmNortheast V0143301069.386.8715kmWest V26607001254.32-1.6816kmNorth

12 V23270003223.75-12.03175kmEast V03667003106.93-21.6317kmSouth V08257003217.15-27.6617kmSouth. Some Craters V10004001227.54-6718kmWest. Wind Streaks Going Left V01653004276.711.7318kmEast V01415006229.6414.8518kmSouth V26479020151.124.218kmSoutheast V26252003241.08-13.5318km+East V04327009134.4340.6419kmEast V04327009134.4240.6419kmEast V25416003238.65-9.59200kmSouthwest V26003005223-23.6920km+Northeast V25826016265.6115.2220km+West V08161005106.7-4321kmNorth V264130260.26249.4524km+Northeast V25915003243.8-8.1524km+Northeast V26900026242.1518.2725km+Southwest V23020001236.2-8.72kmSouth V06399001163.61-2.8930kmNorth

13 I01553002232.19-30.2432kmNorthwest V28210012249.3119.9933km+South V25977017230.3521.2134kmNorth V2822600214.2430.9342km+Southwest. Craters on Volcano V26239019232.1121.9942km+Southwest V65473003227.56-9.5445kmNorthwest V06312021126.7619.4950kmNorthwest V02267007140.9335.1755kmSoutheast V06234004239.13-23.3355km+South V11377001221.85-2.3957kmNorthwest V62064003233.0219.8660kmNorth V25828004232.15-19.0363km+Southeast V07981019233.248.7665kmNorthwest V25428012227.3817.9965km+South V10227011251.4331.8867kmNorth V12884004282.0110.1490kmSouthwest V22659008184.9617.3190kmNorth V27488002223.62-9.74NONENot enough infor V27248028279.96-0.2NONENot enough infor V27249022253.920.13NONENot enough infor V11204010147.0824.35NONEfew windstreaks V03474007247.050.45 Not enough info V01993009120.8421.39 Not enough info

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17 Conclusion

18 What did your group learn from the data you collected? We learned that most of violent volcanoes are located around 0 degrees Latitude and 270 degrees Longitude because when we did the scatter chart of our data, we took the ones that had the longest lava flow and did another chart to see where it is.. We also learned that most volcanoes have craters near them. And we learned how to tell if it the volcanoes are violent or not.

19 What would you do to make the investigation better? We could even out the work in our group. We could also have used more images towards our data. We should have add more data to our data chart to show more of where the violent volcanoes are. Or we should have added more information on our methods and prediction.

20 Explain what scientific questions could branch off of this study to further scientific research about Mars Will the volcanoes erupt any time soon? What the largest lava tube on Mars? Is there any more lava on Mars? What does the distance of the lava tube tell us about the volcano? How does the distance of the lava tube affect the volcano?


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