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1 Division of Endocrinology & Friedman Diabetes Institute, Department of Medicine, Beth -- Israel Medical Center & Albert Einstein College of Medicine,

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Presentation on theme: "1 Division of Endocrinology & Friedman Diabetes Institute, Department of Medicine, Beth -- Israel Medical Center & Albert Einstein College of Medicine,"— Presentation transcript:

1 1 Division of Endocrinology & Friedman Diabetes Institute, Department of Medicine, Beth -- Israel Medical Center & Albert Einstein College of Medicine, New York, NY Department of Medicine, New York University School of Medicine, New York, NY, Center for Reproductive Medicine & Infertility, Weill Medical College of Cornell University, New York, NY Grishma Parikh 1, Miroslava Varadinova 1, Takako Araki 1, Michael Goldman 1, Noga Chlamtac 2, Zev Rosenwaks 3, Leonid Poretsky 1, Donna Seto-Young 1 Vitamin D Receptor (VDR) is Expressed in Human Ovarian Cells, likely Mediating the Effects of Vitamin D on Steroidogenesis

2 Introduction 1, 25-(OH) 2 D 3 is active metabolite of vitamin D. Its primary role is to regulate calcium and phosphorus homeostasis and bone metabolism Recently, many other actions of vitamin D have been identified. These include: role in muscle physiology immuno-modulator anti-proliferative compound in a wide variety of cells including ovarian cancer cell lines Holick MF 2007 N Engl J Med 357: , Ahonen MH et al 2000 Int J Cancer 86:40-6

3 Vitamin D metabolism

4 Introduction ( Cont.) Effects of vitamin D are mediated through vitamin D receptor (VDR) - a member of nuclear receptor superfamily of ligand-activated transcription factors VDR is expressed widely in human tissues including colon, muscle, brain, ovary, heart, lymphocytes, mono-nuclear cells VDR is expressed in animal ovarian cells and appears to be necessary for ovarian function in animals Vitamin D deficiency in female rats is associated with reduced fertility Agic A 2007 Reproductive Sciences 14: , Holick MF 2007 N Engl J Med 357: Yoshizawa T Nat Genet :391, Johnson JA Histochem Cell Biol :7-15,

5 Introduction (Cont.) VDR-null mutant mice have gonadal insufficiency. These mice also exhibit impaired folliculogenesis and uterine hypoplasia in females; reduced sperm motility and sperm count are observed in males Calcitriol stimulates estradiol and progesterone production in trophoblast cells cultured from human placenta Abnormalities of Vitamin D and calcium homeostasis as possible pathologic mechanism of PCOS Dukoh S Endocrinology :200-6, Kinuta K 1999 Endocrinology 141: , Barrera D 2007 Journal of Steroid Biochemistry & Molecular Biology 103:529–532, Thys-Jacobs S Steroids :430–435

6 Introduction (Cont.) VDR-null mutant mice have gonadal insufficiency. These mice also exhibit impaired folliculogenesis and uterine hypoplasia in females; reduced sperm motility and sperm count are observed in males Calcitriol stimulates estradiol and progesterone production in trophoblast cells cultured from human placenta Abnormalities of Vitamin D and calcium homeostasis as possible pathologic mechanism of PCOS Role of vitamin D, if any, in human ovarian function and, in particular, in steroid hormone synthesis is not known Dukoh S Endocrinology :200-6, Kinuta K 1999 Endocrinology 141: , Barrera D 2007 Journal of Steroid Biochemistry & Molecular Biology 103:529–532, Thys-Jacobs S Steroids :430–435

7 Cell Cultures Ovum retrieval during IVF Human granulosa cells obtained during in vitro fertilization Granulosa Cells Blood Cells Oocytes Removal of oocytes for IVF Remaining separated by Percoll gradient A BC D discard Blood Cells Granulosa Cells 0.5x10 5 cells/ well in M199 tissue culture medium supplemented with 10% FBS. Human ovarian tissue obtained during oophorectomy Tissue fragments Cut into 0.5x0.5 cm Mixed ovarian cell culture (granulosa, theca and stromal) A B C D Incubated at 37°C, 5% CO 2, 90% humidity

8 1,25 (OH) 2 vitamin D 3 pM nM bp Vitamin D Receptor mRNA expression in human ovarian cells by RT-PCR 203 bp of VDR mRNA was detected in both human mixed ovarian cell culture and purified granulosa cell culture confirming the presence of VDR in human ovary and expression was not affected by exposure to 1, 25 (OH) 2 D 3 (0-150 pM or nM)

9 Effect of 1,25-(OH) 2 Vitamin D 3 on steroid hormone production in mixed ovarian cell cultures 1, 25-(OH)2 D3 effect on steroid hormone production in mixed human ovarian and granulosa cell cultures. Steroid hormone production was assessed in the absence or presence of 1, 25-(OH)2 D3. Progesterone production in the mixed ovarian cells, , p<0.001 (n=13); testosterone production in the mixed ovarian cells, , p { "@context": "http://schema.org", "@type": "ImageObject", "contentUrl": "http://images.slideplayer.com/3312143/11/slides/slide_8.jpg", "name": "Effect of 1,25-(OH) 2 Vitamin D 3 on steroid hormone production in mixed ovarian cell cultures 1, 25-(OH)2 D3 effect on steroid hormone production in mixed human ovarian and granulosa cell cultures.", "description": "Steroid hormone production was assessed in the absence or presence of 1, 25-(OH)2 D3. Progesterone production in the mixed ovarian cells, , p<0.001 (n=13); testosterone production in the mixed ovarian cells, , p

10 Synergistic effect of 1,25-(OH) 2 vitamin D 3 with insulin on estradiol production in purified granulosa cell cultures Insulin alone has no significant effect on estradiol production in granulosa cell culture but addition of 1,25-(OH) 2 vitamin D 3 augments insulin induced estradiol production by up to 90% (p<0.006)

11 Effect of 1, 25-(OH) 2 D 3 on IGFBP-1 production 1, 25-(OH) 2 D 3 effect on IGFBP-1 production in human granulosa cells, , p<0.001 (n=7) compared to control [in the absence of 1, 25-(OH) 2 D 3 ]. Synergistic effect of 25-(OH)2 D3 with insulin on IGFBP-1 production in purified granulosa cell culture, y, p<0.009 (n=7) compared with the presence of insulin the absence of 25-(OH)2 D3 ; in the absence of (0 ng/ml insulin) or presence of (1-103 ng/ml) insulin, data are normalized to the baseline IGFBP-1 production of each experimental group

12 Conclusions This report confirms presence of VDR in human ovarian cells and suggests that Vitamin D may have a physiological role in the human ovary 1, 25-(OH) 2 D 3 stimulated steroid hormone production including progesterone, estradiol and estrone. Its effect on testosterone production was not significant. It may play a role in regulation of human ovarian steroidogenesis Addition of 1, 25-(OH) 2 D 3 enhances insulin-induced estradiol production, possible mechanism being increased insulin sensitivity in ovarian tissue

13 Significance These findings likely suggest role of vitamin D in ovarian regulation and importance of detecting and correcting Vitamin D deficiency especially in young women

14 Acknowledgements We are thankful for the support from: ◘ Gerald J. and Dorothy R. Friedman Foundation ◘ Chinese American Medical Association & Chinese American Independent Practice Association


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