2Present ContinuousSi usa per parlare di arrangements, cioè di azioni programmate che si svolgeranno (nel futuro) in un luogo e/o momento preciso e prestabilito.He’s staying in Berlin on Friday night.I’m starting a new job next week.
3Will-futureSi usa per parlare di predictions, cioè per dire ciò che pensiamo, prevediamo, sappiamo sul futuro.Si tratta di previsioni del tutto personali, cioè non necessariamente supportate da fattori esterni.I think it will snow tomorrow.Si usa per parlare di azioni non predeterminate, ma decise e immediatamente mese in atto dal soggetto.What a nice hat! I’ll buy it for my sister.
4Will-future Si usa per: If I find your wallet, I’ll phone you. offrirsi di fare qlco:I’ll give you a handaccettare/rifiutare di fare qlco:‘I need some money’ ‘Ok, I’ll lend you some’promettere qlco:Ok, I really will stop smokingfare una richiesta cortese:Will you open the window, please?Si usa nella main clause del 1st conditional:If I find your wallet, I’ll phone you.
6Will-future (form) AFFERMATIVA INTERROGATIVA NEGATIVA I will+forma baseYou willHe willShe willIt willWe willThey willWill I +forma base?Will you?Will he?Will she?Will It?Will We?Will they?I will not + f. baseYou will notHe will notShe will notIt will notWe will notThey will notI’ll + forma baseI won’t + f. base
8______ get married in an hour. She’ll 3-3 LET'S PRACTICECONTRACTION?she will______ get married in an hour.She’ll8
9Dinner will be ready in one hour. 3-3 FORMS WITH WILLDinner will be ready in one hour.9
10? ? (c) CORRECT: Jane will see a movie. Jane will sees a movie. 10-6 FUTURE TIME: USING WILLSTATEMENT(c) CORRECT: Jane will see a movie.?INCORRECT:Jane will sees a movie.?INCORRECT:Jane wills see a movie.1010
11? (d) CORRECT: Jane will come today. Jane will comes today. STATEMENT 10-6 FUTURE TIME: USING WILLSTATEMENT(d) CORRECT: Jane will come today.?INCORRECT:Jane will comes today.1111
12? (e) CORRECT: Jane will eat breakfast. Jane will to eat breakfast. 10-6 FUTURE TIME: USING WILLSTATEMENT(e) CORRECT: Jane will eat breakfast.?INCORRECT:Jane will to eat breakfast.1212
13will won’t + not STATEMENT (h) Amy won’t be at work tomorrow. 10-6 FUTURE TIME: USING WILLSTATEMENT(g) Amy will not be at work tomorrow.(h) Amy won’t be at work tomorrow.willwon’t+not1313
14Will Tom come home tomorrow? 10-7 ASKING QUESTIONS WITH WILLWill Tom come home tomorrow?1414
15(b) Will they go home later ? 10-7 ASKING QUESTIONS WITH WILLQUESTIONMAINWILL + SUBJECT + VERB(b) Will they go home later ?ANSWERYes, they will.No, they won’t.1515
16______________________? 10-7 Let’s Practice______________________?When will you graduateI will graduatein June.1616
17Where will you live after college 10-7 Let’s Practice_____________________________?Where will you live after collegeI will live inBuenos Airesafter college.1717
18_____________________? 10-7 Let’s Practice_____________________?Will we go out for lunchYes, we will goout for lunch.1818
19The Ortegas will probably move into their new home next week. 3-4 SURENESS ABOUT THE FUTUREThe Ortegas will probably move into their new home next week.19
20(a) I will finish my homework tonight. 3-4 SURENESS ABOUT THE FUTURE(a) I will finish my homework tonight.100% surewillsure,fact20
21(b) Alex will probably finish his homework. 3-4 SURENESS ABOUT THE FUTURE(b) Alex will probably finish his homework.90% surehelping verb probably
22I will make spaghetti for dinner. 3-4 LET'S PRACTICEHOW SURE?100% % %I will make spaghetti for dinner.22
23I will probably finish my homework. 3-4 LET'S PRACTICEHOW SURE?100% % %I will probably finish my homework.23
24Maybe it will snow again tomorrow. It may snow tomorrow 3-4 LET'S PRACTICE100% % %HOW SURE?Maybe it will snow again tomorrow.It may snow tomorrow24
25(d) Lee may quit his job. Lee may not quit his job. speaker is 3-4 SURENESS ABOUT THE FUTURE(d) Lee may quit his job.Lee may not quit his job.speakerisguessing50% sure25
26It might snow again tomorrow. 3-4 LET'S PRACTICEHOW SURE?100% % %I am not sure,It might snow again tomorrow.40% sure26
27It’ll be a nice day tomorrow. 10-3 WORDS USED FOR PAST TIME AND FUTURE TIMEIt’ll be anice day tomorrow.2727
28PAST FUTURE yesterday tomorrow It snowed yesterday. It’s going to snow 10-3 WORDS USED FOR PAST TIME AND FUTURE TIMEPASTFUTUREyesterday tomorrowIt snowedyesterday.It’s going to snowtomorrow.2828
29yesterday morning tomorrow morning yesterday evening tomorrow evening 10-3 WORDS USED FOR PAST TIME AND FUTURE TIMEPASTFUTUREyesterday morning tomorrow morningyesterday evening tomorrow eveninglast night tomorrow nightI went to classlast night.I’m going to goto class tomorrownight.2929
30PAST FUTURE last week next week He went to the doctor last week. 10-3 WORDS USED FOR PAST TIME AND FUTURE TIMEPASTFUTURElast week next weekHe went to thedoctor last week.He’s going togo to the doctornext week.3030
31next last PAST FUTURE month month year year weekend weekend 10-3 WORDS USED FOR PAST TIME AND FUTURE TIMEPASTFUTUREmonth monthyear yearweekend weekendspring springlastnextShe went homelast spring.She’s going to go home next spring.3131
32... minutes ago in ... minutes (from now) 10-3 WORDS USED FOR PAST TIME AND FUTURE TIMEPASTFUTURE... minutes ago in ... minutes (from now)... days ago in ... days (from now)... weeks ago in ... weeks (from now)... months ago in ... months (from now)... years ago in ... years (from now)I washed someof the dishes tenminutes ago.Jay is going to wash the rest in five minutes.3232
33They are going to arrive ________ weekend. next 10-3 Let’s PracticeThey are going to arrive ________ weekend.nextyesterdaylasttomorrownext3333
34They are going to play cards ________. tomorrow yesterday last 10-3 Let’s PracticeThey are going toplay cards ________.tomorrowyesterdaylasttomorrownext3434
35We went to school ____ Thursday. last 10-3 Let’s PracticeWe went to school ____ Thursday.lastyesterdaylasttomorrownext3535
36We went to see a play in New York ________. yesterday yesterday last 10-3 Let’s PracticeWe went to see a playin New York ________.yesterdayyesterdaylasttomorrownext3636
37Sam arrived here a few months ago. 10-4 USING A COUPLE OF OR A FEW WITH AGO (PAST)AND IN (FUTURE)Sam arrived here afew months ago.3737
38numbers with ago and in (a) Ed visited me one (OR a) year ago. 10-4 USING A COUPLE OF OR A FEW WITH AGO (PAST)AND IN (FUTURE)(a) Ed visited me one (OR a) year ago.(b) I am going to be there in five minutes.(c) She went to the doctor four days ago.numbers with ago and in3838
39(d) We saw them a couple of months ago. 10-4 USING A COUPLE OF OR A FEW WITH AGO (PAST)AND IN (FUTURE)(d) We saw them a couple of months ago.(e) He’s going to go home in a couple ofmonths.a couple of = two3939
40(f) They visited me a few weeks ago. 10-4 USING A COUPLE OF OR A FEW WITH AGO (PAST)AND IN (FUTURE)(f) They visited me a few weeks ago.(g) She’s going to have a baby in a few weeks.a few = a small number4040
41They went swimming __________________. a couple of hours ago 10-4 Let’s Practiceagoina couple of hoursThey went swimming __________________.a couple of hoursago4141
42She is going to go dancing __________________. in a couple of hours 10-4 Let’s Practiceagoina couple of hoursShe is going to go dancing __________________.ina couple of hours4242
43The movie is going to start _____________. in a few minutes ago in 10-4 Let’s Practiceagoina few minutesThe movie is going tostart _____________.ina few minutes4343
44They saw each other ___________. six years ago 10-4 Let’s Practiceagoinsix yearsThey saw each other ___________.six yearsago4444
451° TIPO (cioè 1st conditional) = possibile o probabile First conditionalEsistono tre tipi fondamentali di IF-CLAUSES. La scelta di uno dei tre tipi dipende:a) dal tempo cui si riferisce la condizione;b) dal maggiore o minore grado di probabilità che essa ha di verificarsi.RICORDA: il periodo ipotetico è formato da una proposizione principale [MAIN CLAUSE] e da una proposizione secondaria introdotta da IF [IF-CLAUSE].1° TIPO (cioè 1st conditional) = possibile o probabileIF + PR. SIMPLEWILL+ INF senza TOIf I have time,If it rains,I’ll give you a hand.I’ll stay at home.
46(i) we’re going to stay home. If it snows tomorrow, 3-6 EXPRESSING THE FUTURE IN TIME CLAUSES ANDIF-CLAUSES(i) we’re going to stay home.If it snows tomorrow,if + subject and verb = an if-clause46
47Going toSi usa per parlare di intentions, cioè di decisioni già prese.I’m going to take a holiday next week.Si usa per parlare di un’azione che sta per accadere o è molto probabile che accada perché ne abbiamo le prove evidenti.Rebecca’s going to have a baby.
48Going to (form) She’s going to stop smoking. FORMA AFFERMATIVAShe’s going to stop smoking.FORMA INTERROGATIVAIs she going to stop smoking?FORMA NEGATIVAShe isn’t going to stop smoking.SOGGETTOPRES. TO BEGOING TOFORMA BASEPRES. TO BESOGGETTOGOING TOFORMA BASESOGGETTOPRES. NEG TO BEGOING TOFORMA BASE
49Simple Present (for future) Si usa per parlare di timetables, cioè di orari di mezzi di trasporto, orari di programmi (TV, cinema, teatro) e date.Our train leaves at 8.10.This term finishes on 12th March.