Presentation on theme: "The future Present Continuous Will-future Going toSimple Present."— Presentation transcript:
The future Present Continuous Will-future Going toSimple Present
Present Continuous Si usa per parlare di arrangements, cioè di azioni programmate che si svolgeranno (nel futuro) in un luogo e/o momento preciso e prestabilito. He ’ s staying in Berlin on Friday night. I ’ m starting a new job next week.
Will-future Si usa per parlare di predictions, cioè per dire ciò che pensiamo, prevediamo, sappiamo sul futuro. Si tratta di previsioni del tutto personali, cioè non necessariamente supportate da fattori esterni. I think it will snow tomorrow. Si usa per parlare di azioni non predeterminate, ma decise e immediatamente mese in atto dal soggetto. What a nice hat! I ’ ll buy it for my sister.
Will-future Si usa per : offrirsi di fare qlco: I ’ ll give you a hand accettare/rifiutare di fare qlco: ‘ I need some money ’ ‘ Ok, I ’ ll lend you some ’ promettere qlco: Ok, I really will stop smoking fare una richiesta cortese: Will you open the window, please? Si usa nella main clause del 1st conditional : 1st conditional If I find your wallet, I ’ ll phone you.
Will-future (form) AFFERMATIVAINTERROGATIVANEGATIVA I will+forma base You will He will She will It will We will You will They will Will I +forma base? Will you? Will he? Will she? Will It? Will We? Will you? Will they? I will not + f. base You will not He will not She will not It will not We will not You will not They will not I’ll + forma baseI won’t + f. base
+ CONTRACTIONS 3-3 FORMS WITH WILL we + willyou + willthey + will pronouns + will in speech & formal writing Ill wi ‘ + shell wi ‘ + hell wi ‘ we’ll you’llthey’ll
3-3 LET'S PRACTICE ______ get married in an hour. CONTRACTION? She’ll she will
Dinner will be ready in one hour. 3-3 FORMS WITH WILL
10 (c) CORRECT: Jane will see a movie. Jane will sees a movie. Jane wills see a movie. ? ? INCORRECT : STATEMENT 10-6 FUTURE TIME: USING WILL
11 (d) CORRECT: Jane will come today. Jane will comes today. ? INCORRECT : STATEMENT 10-6 FUTURE TIME: USING WILL
12 STATEMENT (e) CORRECT: Jane will eat breakfast. Jane will to eat breakfast. ? INCORRECT : 10-6 FUTURE TIME: USING WILL
13 STATEMENT ( g) Amy will not be at work tomorrow. (h) Amy won’t be at work tomorrow. won’t will + not 10-6 FUTURE TIME: USING WILL
14 Will Tom come home tomorrow? 10-7 ASKING QUESTIONS WITH WILL
15 (b) Will they go home later ? ANSWER Yes, they will.No, they won’t. QUESTION 10-7 ASKING QUESTIONS WITH WILL MAIN WILL + SUBJECT + VERB
16 10-7 Let’s Practice When will you graduate I will graduate in June. ______________________?
17 10-7 Let’s Practice Where will you live after college I will live in Buenos Aires after college. _____________________________?
18 10-7 Let’s Practice Will we go out for lunch Yes, we will go out for lunch. _____________________?
The Ortegas will probably move into their new home next week. 3-4 SURENESS ABOUT THE FUTURE
(a) I will finish my homework tonight. 100% sure will sure, fact
3-4 SURENESS ABOUT THE FUTURE (b) Alex will probably finish his homework. helping verb probably 90% sure
3-4 LET'S PRACTICE HOW SURE? I will make spaghetti for dinner. 100% 90% 50%
3-4 LET'S PRACTICE HOW SURE? I will probably finish my homework. 100% 90% 50%
3-4 LET'S PRACTICE HOW SURE? Maybe it will snow again tomorrow. It may snow tomorrow 100% 90% 50%
speaker is guessing 3-4 SURENESS ABOUT THE FUTURE (d) Lee may quit his job. Lee may not quit his job. 50% sure
3-4 LET'S PRACTICE HOW SURE? I am not sure, It might snow again tomorrow. 100% 90% 40% 40% sure
27 It’ll be a nice day tomorrow. 10-3 WORDS USED FOR PAST TIME AND FUTURE TIME
28 It snowed yesterday. yesterday tomorrow PASTFUTURE It’s going to snow tomorrow. 10-3 WORDS USED FOR PAST TIME AND FUTURE TIME
29 I went to class last night. yesterday morning tomorrow morning yesterday evening tomorrow evening last night tomorrow night PASTFUTURE I’m going to go to class tomorrow night. 10-3 WORDS USED FOR PAST TIME AND FUTURE TIME
30 last week next week PASTFUTURE He went to the doctor last week. He’s going to go to the doctor next week. 10-3 WORDS USED FOR PAST TIME AND FUTURE TIME
31 month year weekend spring PASTFUTURE last She went home last spring. She’s going to go home next spring. next 10-3 WORDS USED FOR PAST TIME AND FUTURE TIME
32... minutes ago in... minutes (from now)... days ago in... days (from now)... weeks agoin... weeks (from now)... months ago in... months (from now)... years ago in... years (from now) PASTFUTURE I washed some of the dishes ten minutes ago. Jay is going to wash the rest in five minutes. 10-3 WORDS USED FOR PAST TIME AND FUTURE TIME
33 They are going to arrive ________ weekend. next yesterday last tomorrow next 10-3 Let’s Practice
34 They are going to play cards ________. tomorrow yesterday last tomorrow next 10-3 Let’s Practice
35 We went to school ____ Thursday.last yesterday last tomorrow next 10-3 Let’s Practice
36 We went to see a play in New York ________. yesterday last tomorrow next 10-3 Let’s Practice
37 Sam arrived here a few months ago. 10-4 USING A COUPLE OF OR A FEW WITH AGO (PAST) AND IN (FUTURE)
38 (a) Ed visited me one ( OR a) year ago. (b) I am going to be there in five minutes. numbers with ago and in (c) She went to the doctor four days ago. 10-4 USING A COUPLE OF OR A FEW WITH AGO (PAST) AND IN (FUTURE)
39 (d) We saw them a couple of months ago. (e) He’s going to go home in a couple of months. a couple of = two 10-4 USING A COUPLE OF OR A FEW WITH AGO (PAST) AND IN (FUTURE)
40 a few = a small number (f) They visited me a few weeks ago. (g) She’s going to have a baby in a few weeks. 10-4 USING A COUPLE OF OR A FEW WITH AGO (PAST) AND IN (FUTURE)
41 They went swimming __________________. a couple of hours 10-4 Let’s Practice ago in a couple of hours
42 She is going to go dancing __________________. a couple of hours 10-4 Let’s Practice ago in a couple of hours
43 The movie is going to start _____________. in 10-4 Let’s Practice a few minutes ago in a few minutes
44 They saw each other ___________. six years 10-4 Let’s Practice ago in six years
First conditional Esistono tre tipi fondamentali di IF-CLAUSES. La scelta di uno dei tre tipi dipende: a) dal tempo cui si riferisce la condizione; b) dal maggiore o minore grado di probabilità che essa ha di verificarsi. RICORDA: il periodo ipotetico è formato da una proposizione principale [ MAIN CLAUSE ] e da una proposizione secondaria introdotta da IF [ IF-CLAUSE ]. 1° TIPO (cioè 1st conditional) = possibile o probabile IF + PR. SIMPLEWILL+ INF senza TO If I have time, If it rains, I’ll give you a hand. I ’ ll stay at home.
3-6 EXPRESSING THE FUTURE IN TIME CLAUSES AND IF-CLAUSES (i) we’re going to stay home. if + subject and verb = an if-clause If it snows tomorrow,
Going to Si usa per parlare di intentions, cioè di decisioni già prese. I ’ m going to take a holiday next week. Si usa per parlare di un ’ azione che sta per accadere o è molto probabile che accada perché ne abbiamo le prove evidenti. Rebecca ’ s going to have a baby.
Going to (form) FORMA AFFERMATIVA She ’ s going to stop smoking. FORMA INTERROGATIVA Is she going to stop smoking? FORMA NEGATIVA She isn ’ t going to stop smoking. SOGGETTOPRES. TO BEGOING TOFORMA BASE SOGGETTOPRES. TO BEGOING TOFORMA BASE SOGGETTOPRES. NEG TO BEGOING TOFORMA BASE
Simple Present (for future) Si usa per parlare di timetables, cioè di orari di mezzi di trasporto, orari di programmi (TV, cinema, teatro) e date. Our train leaves at 8.10. This term finishes on 12th March.
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