Presentation on theme: "The “original” inhabitants of Britain"— Presentation transcript:
1 The “original” inhabitants of Britain The CeltsThe “original” inhabitants of Britain
2 Who were the Celts?The Celts were the inhabitants of Britain long, long ago.They were there when Julius Caesar brought Roman troops to England in 55B.C.
3 Why do scholars think that the Welsh language survived the Anglo-Saxon invasion? 1. Wales (where a group of Celts fled) is separated from England by mountains, so the geographical separation helped.2. The Bible was translated into Welsh in 1588 and we know that when a language is written down, it is more likely to survive.
4 What is Breton? How are Breton and Welsh related? Breton is a language spoken in Brittany in France.Welsh is the language of Wales.The languges are so similar that speakers of one can communicate with speakers of the other.Let’s look at a map…
5 Map of Celtic EuropeDistribution of Celtic peoples:Yellow--core Hallstatt territory, by the 6th century BCDark mint--maximal Celtic expansion, by 275 BCGrass green--the six Celtic nations which retained significant numbers of Celtic speakers into the Early Modern periodForest green-- areas where Celtic languages remain widely spoken today
6 Don’t worry! If you don’t know European geography very well, we’ll go over some of the basics now. GermanyDenmarkFrieslandFranceBrittanyNormandyWalesEnglandIreland (The Republic of Ireland)Northern IrelandScotland
7 What is interesting about the Frisian language? It is probably what English would sound like today if there had not been any more invasions after the Anglo-Saxons.Here are some examples:cow=ko dung=donglamb=lam rain=reingoose=goes boat=boat