Presentation on theme: "The “original” inhabitants of Britain"— Presentation transcript:
1The “original” inhabitants of Britain The CeltsThe “original” inhabitants of Britain
2Who were the Celts?The Celts were the inhabitants of Britain long, long ago.They were there when Julius Caesar brought Roman troops to England in 55B.C.
3Why do scholars think that the Welsh language survived the Anglo-Saxon invasion? 1. Wales (where a group of Celts fled) is separated from England by mountains, so the geographical separation helped.2. The Bible was translated into Welsh in 1588 and we know that when a language is written down, it is more likely to survive.
4What is Breton? How are Breton and Welsh related? Breton is a language spoken in Brittany in France.Welsh is the language of Wales.The languges are so similar that speakers of one can communicate with speakers of the other.Let’s look at a map…
5Map of Celtic EuropeDistribution of Celtic peoples:Yellow--core Hallstatt territory, by the 6th century BCDark mint--maximal Celtic expansion, by 275 BCGrass green--the six Celtic nations which retained significant numbers of Celtic speakers into the Early Modern periodForest green-- areas where Celtic languages remain widely spoken today
6Don’t worry! If you don’t know European geography very well, we’ll go over some of the basics now. GermanyDenmarkFrieslandFranceBrittanyNormandyWalesEnglandIreland (The Republic of Ireland)Northern IrelandScotland
7What is interesting about the Frisian language? It is probably what English would sound like today if there had not been any more invasions after the Anglo-Saxons.Here are some examples:cow=ko dung=donglamb=lam rain=reingoose=goes boat=boat