Identifying nouns Identify all nouns in the following sentence: According to research, on average, people who use languages in their jobs earn around 8% more. Rewrite the sentence so that every noun begins with a big letter.
Nouns with a capital N! According to Research, on Average, People who use Languages in their Jobs earn around 8% more. All nouns written in German begin with a capital letter, regardless of where they are in a sentence.
Another complication In the German language, all nouns have a gender attached to them. der – masculine die – feminine das – neuter
Identifying the gender Genders are sometimes, but not always, logical. Logical: der Bruder; die Schwester Illogical: das Mädchen There are some patterns, but the best way to learn a gender is to memorise it with the noun. http://www.bbc.co.uk/languages/german/comedy/ gender_bender.shtmlhttp://www.bbc.co.uk/languages/german/comedy/ gender_bender.shtml
Der Days of the week, months, seasons and cardinal directions are all masculine nouns. Words with the following endings are usually masculine: -el; -en; -er; -ig; -ich; -ling; -and; -ant; -ar; -är; -ast; -ent; -eur; -ier; -ist; -ismus; -or; -us
Die Most trees, fruits and flowers are feminine. Words with the following endings are usually feminine: -age; -e; -ei; -heit; -keit; -schaft; -ie; -ek; -eke; -ik; -in; -ion; -tät; -ung; -ur
Das Names of cities and most countries are neuter. Words with the following endings are neuter: -chen; -lein Words with the following endings are usually neuter: -tum; -ment; -eum; -ium; -um; -ett Infinitives used as nouns are always neuter.
Name the gender SprechenDeutschland MuseumFräulein ZuckerBrisbane MillionärMontag UniversitätSommer BananeDezember
Name the gender key das Sprechendas Deutschland das Museumdas Fräulein der Zuckerdas Brisbane der Millionärder Montag die Universitätder Sommer die Bananeder Dezember
Implications Knowing the correct gender of nouns is important because gender affects articles and adjectives in sentences. Mein Familienname ist... [der Name] Meine Telefonnummer ist... [die Nummer]