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IRS: A journey from National to International Mission for E.O. Dr. Murthy Remilla Deputy Director, Business Development Antrix Corporation Limited, India.

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Presentation on theme: "IRS: A journey from National to International Mission for E.O. Dr. Murthy Remilla Deputy Director, Business Development Antrix Corporation Limited, India."— Presentation transcript:

1 IRS: A journey from National to International Mission for E.O. Dr. Murthy Remilla Deputy Director, Business Development Antrix Corporation Limited, India

2 INDIAN TRYST WITH THE CONCEPT OF REMOTE SENSING “Aakramya Vaajin Pruthiveem agnimiccha, ruchaatvam Bhoomyaa vrutvaaya no broohi yataha Khanaama,tam Vayam” (Tattireeya Samhitaa, 4.1.2) Prayer to an angel, ‘Vaajin’ which has three characteristics viz., (i) Capability to fly in the sky, (ii) capability to release a beam of rays, and (iii) capability to walk on the earth There, he prays to the angel that: 1.it should fly first in the sky 2.spread a beam of rays onto the earth and identify the location of the clay, and then 3.walk over the earth at the identified location and confirm the place where the seeker has to conduct digging for the required clay

3 Contineous advances in Indian Sensor Technology Bhaskara-1 & 2 Earth Observation Sensor Development Optical Microwave TVPayload Frame imager 341*341 Sq M 1Km GSD Two Spectral bands Intensifier coupled SUPER Vidicon Refractive optics Microwave Forerunners to Operational Remote Sensing Missions- IRS series SAMIR Dicke Radiometer 3 frequencies 19.35,22.35 and 31 GHz 150-250 Km GSD 1500 Km swath

4 IRS - Currently Operational Satellites MX 36 m HYSI 64 BANDS IMS-1, 2008 RESOURCESAT-1, 2003 PAN 5.8m LISS 23 WIFS 140 m TES PANCHROMATIC ~ 1m RESOLUTION Cartosat-2 & 2A (2007/08) PANCHROMATIC 1m RESOLUTION Oceansat-2,2009 OCM, SCATTEROMETER, ROSA Cartosat-1, ( IRS-P5) 2005 2.5m STEREO IMAGING

5 1996: IRS – International Take Off Agreement with EOSAT for reception of IRS-1B at Norman, OK, USA Continued with SI for global marketing of IRS data Global availability of IRS Added IRS-1C/1D and later IRS-P6

6 1999 : Germany: The Follow On GAF/Euromap, Germany started IRS-1C/1D in 1998/99 –Continued for Resourcesat-1 (2005) –Added Cartosat-1 (2007) –Eagerly waiting for Resourcesat-2 –A real source for highly useful feedback IRS in European projects: –GMES: Global Monitoring for Environment and Security –Image2009: Wall to wall coverage of Europe –AMSC: Agricultural Monitoring and Subsidy Control –Farm star Campaign –FLTS agreement

7 IRS in Europe Ortho processing Data provision User EEA Part of Data funded by GAF/Euromap, Germany started IRS-1C/1D in 1998/99 –Continued for Resourcesat-1 (2005) –Added Cartosat-1 (2007) –Eagerly waiting for Resourcesat-2 –A real source for highly useful feedback IRS in European projects: –GMES: Global Monitoring for Environment and Security –Image2009: Wall to wall coverage of Europe –AMSC: Agricultural Monitoring and Subsidy Control ( crop type over 249 HR sites scattered across Europe ) –Farm star Campaign –FLTS agreement User JRC Unit

8 Expansion to new Geographies Thailand – GISTDA received and distributed IRS-1C/1D 2000-2002 Iran – a turnkey ground station, 1C/1D, P6,P5 since 2002 Algeria-turnkey project – R1 Australia – R1- 2006 IRS Main uses in Australia : Drought monitoring Forest fire monitoring Land use mapping Flood mapping China : R1-2006 Crop acreage monitoring by remote sensing based on IRS-P6 Land use remote sensing monitoring of Cities Wheat and corn yield estimation Forest surveys Case study: Queensland floods

9 Land use studies in China- Resourcesat-1 Figure 1. image of 2006 Figure 2. image of 2008 Figure 3. changing patterns (2006--2008) in Huaiyuan county

10 Surveying & Mapping Land Use Monitoring Agriculture City planning IRS C1 in China (2008) Surveying and Mapping in most parts of China (1:25000 ) Area: >50000km 2 Scale: 1:50000,1:10000 USER: Geomatics Center of China , Sichuan Province Year: 2007-2009

11 11 Athens 2.5m

12 12 Durban 2.5m

13 13 Lisbon, 2.5m

14 Participating agencies: –National Agricultural Statistics Service –Foreign Agricultural Service –Farm Service Agency –Natural Resource Conservation Service –Risk Management Agency –US Forest Service –Animal Plant Health Inspection Service –Agricultural Research Service Data supply to USDA Purchased primarily Landsat data prior to 2006 Primarily Resourcesat data in 2006, 2007, 2008,2009, 2010 and continuing USDA-FAS Program …. Major user of IRS IN USA USDA Data Holdings

15 IRS applications in S. Korea (through M/s GeoInfotech Innovation, Seoul Since 2007) C1 Mono data + R1 Mx: color image map for site selection of electronic transport towers in Africa C1 Mono data + R1 Mx: Environmental Analysis C1 stereo data – Mapping inaccessible areas in and out of Korea for construction monitoring, scale – 1: 25,000 + DEM generation Merging C1 + Rapid Eye for color Image mapping, scale: 1:25,000

16 LA Clouds Pt. Conception Fire Detection using Oceansat-1 OCM World ’ s best resolution OCM from Oceansat-1 Tie-up with SeaSpace Peak of 8 stations 4 in USA, Germany, Spain, Thailand, Malaysia Oceansat-2 OCM RGB Color Composite - urban fires in Fallbrook (North of San Diego, S. California U.S.) February 10, 2002

17 2008: Beginning of Antrix 2.0 for IRS 2008 special year: Snapping tie-up with SI Marketing on own New Geographic expansion Entry to Australia New Bird in the Sky - Cartosat-2 Commissioning of Algerian Station on a turn-key basis 2009-10: C2 to 3- Eagle Vision stations New resellers in the network Oceansat-2 agreement with SeaSpace Expanding interest in Cartosat-1 & 2

18 Hyderabad, India -1m

19 Perth, Australia -1m

20 IRS - Answering the User needs ? Application Required ground Resolution Nearest available IRS sensor and resolution Onboard IRS Satellite Land use/Land cover/ forestry studies at regional level 30 m or better, mono WIFS / AWIFS – 180/56 m (Wide Filed Sensor, WiFS Advanced WiFS IRS-1C/D & Resourcesat-1 Land use/Land cover/forestry studies at National level 20 m or better, monoLISS-3, 23m (Linear Imaging Self Scanner) IRS-1C/D & Resourcesat-1 Land use/Land cover/forestry studies at local level 5m or better, MonoLISS-4 (Mono)IRS-1C/D & Resourcesat-1 Zonation, cadastre and tax assessments 1m - 5m, Mono & MSPAN-A/B 2.5m; LISS-4 Mono 5.8m; LISS-4 Mx, 5.8 Cartosat-1, Resourcesat-1 Crop health/yield monitoring, inventory and yield assessment 2-20 m, MSPAN-A/B,2.5 m ;LISS-4 Mx, 5.8 m Cartosat-1, Resourcesat-1 Urban utility /infrastructure planning 1- 10m, MSPAN-A/B,2.5 m ;LISS-4 Mx, 5.8 m Cartosat-1, Resourcesat-1 Oceanographic applications & ocean studies 500m or betterOcean Color Monitor ( OCM) of Oceansat-1, 360m OCEANSAT-1/2 High end defence intelligence like flight detection & identification Better than 1m, MonoPANCartosat-2 Microwave applicationsSAR dataMulti-resolution 3-50 m C Band SAR imagery RISAT-1, 2011.

21 Increasing Thirst for High Resolution Global political security situations & frame works - dual use systems targetDetection (m)Identification (m)Precise Id (m) Description (m)Tech. analysis (m) Urban areas6030330.75 Ports & Harbours3015630.3 Railroad, yards & shops 15-301561.50.4 Coasts & long beaches 15-304.531.50.15 Surface ships7.5-15.04.50.60.30.045 submarines7.5-304.5-6.01.510.03 Surface ships7.5-154.50.60.30.015 troop units62.01.20.30.15 bridges64.51.510.3 Aircraft4.51.510.150.045 Missiles (SSM/SAM) 31.50.60.30.045 Radar310.30.150.015 Rockets & Artillery 10.60.150.050.045 Ref: Sentinels rising : Lt Col Larry K Grundhauser, USAF

22 20 IGSs, 20- Resellers, 5 continents, 70 countries International Acceptance of IRS

23 Assurance of Continuity SARAL KA band Altimeter ARGOS data relay system RESOURCESAT-2 Follow-on of Resourcesat-1 Enhanced payloads INSAT-3D 1km resolution VHRR constant monitoring cloud cover, temperature & precipitation Megha-Tropieques MADRAS, SAPHIR,SCARAB

24 24 RESOURCESAT-2 Continuity of operational services of R1 to both National & International Users Three Payloads  LISS-4 Mx camera with 70 Kms swath  LISS-3 with improved radiometric resolution  AWiFS with improved radiometry Launch schedule: Q1-2011

25 25 Orbit: 6 am / 6 pm polar sun Synchronous Altitude: 536.38 Km SAR PAYLOAD : C-Band (5.8 GHz) Active Phased Array Antenna Technology SAR operating modes: CRS, MRS, FRS, HRS Resolution Swath CRS: 50 m 240 kms MRS: 25 m 120 kms FRS: 3 to 6 m 30 kms HRS: 1 to 2 m 10km x 10 km RISAT-1 Data rate: 640 Mbps SSR : 240 Gbits P/L Opn duration: 12 mins per orbit Satellite mass : 1850 Kgs Life : 5 years

26 26 CARTOSAT-3A & 3B Advanced Cartosat PAN: 0.5m Resolution, 15Km Swath MX: 2m Resolution, 15Km Swath DATA Rate: 12.5 Gbps Data Transmission (Ka band): 1.6 Gbps S/C Mass: 1500 Kg Power: 1200 Watts CARTOSAT-3A Launch by 2013. Technology Development

27 27 GEO-HR-IMAGING SATELLITE High resolution multi-spectral VNIR : 50m Resolution in 4 bands. Hyper spectral VNIR : 320m Resolution in 60 bands. Hyper spectral SWIR : 192m Resolution in 150 bands. High resolution Multi-spectral : 1.5km Resolution in 3 bands. Data Rate : 200 Mbps Data Transmission : Ku band S/C Mass : 2270 Kg (S/C Dry Mass 850 Kg + PAM G 453 Kg + Propellant 967 Kg ) Power : 1600 Watts Launch by GSLV : 2014-15

28 28 HYPER SPECTRAL IMAGER SATELLITE SPECTRO METER DETECT OR FORE- OPTICS THREE MIRRO R TELE SCOPE S LI T CON VEX GRA TING Ray Diagram of Optics  50 M RESOLUTION, 30 KM Swath in VNIR (400 - 1000 NM) with 64 bands SWIR (850 - 2400 NM) with 64 bands  TOTAL DATA RATE : 350 MBPS  SPACECRAFT MASS : 400 KG.  Main Frame Similar To SARAL Bus.  ORBIT : 500 KM POLAR SUN- SYNCHRONOUS.  LAUNCH BY PSLV BY 2013-14  PROVIDES CAPABILITY TO DETECT CAMOUFLAGE, DECOY AND CHEMICAL SPECIES.

29 T WENT Y 20 …. and Counting ! Thank You for Your Attention MurthyRemilla@antrix.gov.in


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