5Resourcesat-1 / 2 (2003, 2011) Land and Water Resources applications Natural Resources Mapping & MonitoringAWiFSLISS-4 Mx : 5.8m Resolution and 70 km swathLISS : 23.5m Resolution and 141 km SwathAWiFS : 56m Resolution and 740 km SwathRepetitivity: 5 days (AWiFS) to 24 days (LISS 3) &Revisit : 5 days (LISS 4) with tilting 26 deg tiltLISS-IIILISS-IV
6Large scale mapping and Cartographic applications Cartosat-1 and 2 (2005, 2007)Large scale mapping and Cartographic applicationsCartosat-12.5 m resolution, 30 km SwathStereo mission; +26° / -5° forward/ Aft viewRevisit : 5 daysAlong Track Stereo viewing - first of its kind in the worldCartosat-2Swath (km) :SNR : 180IGFOV (m) :SWR (%) : 10Cartosat-2 Data ProductsHandling of unique imaging modespaint brushmulti-view in step and starespot scenes
7Oceansat-2A global mission, providing continuity of ocean colour data and wind vector in addition characterization of lower atmosphere and ionosphere from ROSA payload.Global data acquisition of Ocean colourHigh Resolution Data - NRSC and INCOIS1 km resolution global products through NRSC WebsiteGlobal Chlorophyll, Aerosol Optical Depth through NRSC Website3531 OCM data downloaded from NRSC WebsiteScatterometer Wind ProductsReception Station at SvalbardReal time transfer and processingUploading to Web within 3 hrs through EUMETCAST1.72 Lakhs data downloaded from NRSC WebsiteData Dissemination MechanismEstablished Ground station at INCOISGround station at Bharti, Antarctica is being commissioned.EUMETCAST, NRSC Website for data and products
8Radar Imaging Satellite (RISAT-1 ) Space borne SAR in C-band at 5.35 GHzSingle/ Dual / Quad Polarisation imaging with m Resolution & km SwathStripmap FRS-1 / FRS-2 (Range Doppler/ Chirp Scaling)ScanSAR MRS & CRS (Range Doppler/Specan)Spotlight (modified sub-aperture) modes.FRS1/FRS2 MODEHRS MODE400 km (QUALIFIED)200 km608 km100 km (UNQUALIFIED)CRS MODEMRS MODE100 km (UNQUALIFIED)
9SARAL: Satellite with Argos and Altimeter ISRO & CNES Collaboration Altika/SARAL mission belongs to the global altimetry system for the precise and accurate observations of ocean topography, circulation and sea surface monitoringISRO & CNES CollaborationMission:Sun-synchronous, polar orbiting satelliteInclination: Deg.Altitude: ~800 kmRepeat cycle: 35 daysAltika Payload:Ka-band (35.75 GHz, BW MHz) radar altimeterDual-frequency microwave radiometer (23.8 & 37 GHz)DORISLaser Retro-reflector ArraySARAL/AltiKA SSHA observation overpass over Indian Ocean on Feb 28, 2013 and SLA from POM model at 0.5 degree resolution.
11CARTOSAT-2E Panchromatic camera: 0.65 m Multispectral: 2 m No. of Bands: 4Swath : 10 kmRadiometric Resolution: 11 bitSteering up to ±26°/±45Event Monitoring Cameras: 2 Nos. EVM1: Res:0.5m Area: 1km x 1km; EVM2: Res:0.4m Area: 0.3x 0.2kmAltitude: 500 kmSolid State Recorder: 600 GbLocal time: 0930 hrsRevisit : 5 daysTDI TechnologyOperational life: 5 YearsMajor ObjectivesTo provide continuity of on-going data services of CARTOSAT-2To design and develop a highly agile and advanced satellite with high spatial resolution both in panchromatic and multi- spectral bandsTo meet the increasing user demands for cartographic and cadastral level applications with improved revisit capability in tandem with Cartosat-2 missions.
12CARTOSAT-3 Panchromatic camera; 0.25 m Multispectral (4 Bands): 1 m Hyperspectral (200 Bands): 12 mSwath : 16 km, 5 km (HySI)Radiometric Resolution: 11 bitSteering up to ±26° (±45° Possible)Altitude: 450 kmSolid State Recorder: 2 TbLocal time: 1030 hrsRevisit : 5 daysTDI TechnologyX and Ka Band TransmissionOperational life: 5 YearsMajor ObjectivesTo design and develop an agile advanced satellite to obtain imagery with a very high spatial resolution of 0.25m Ground Sampling Distance (GSD) in panchromatic, 1m GSD in 4 band multi spectral; and selectable 12m GSD HySI with 50 VNIR bands or 12m GSD HySI with 150 SWIR bands with an operational life of 5 years.To meet the increasing user demands for very high resolution Panchromatic, Multispectral and Hyperspectral imagery.
14Ground Resolution (meters) Radiometric Resolution (bits) RESOURCESAT-2AMajor ObjectivesTo provide continuity of on-going services of Resourecesat-2 and ensure in-orbit redundancy of the satelliteIncreased frequency of observations in tandem with Resourecesat-2 during overlap periodTo explore newer application areas in Land and Water Resources monitoring & managementLAUNCH:SensorsSpectral bandsGround Resolution (meters)Swath (km)Radiometric Resolution (bits)Repetivity(days)LISS-IIIB2 B3 B4 B523.51411024LISS-IV MonoB2 or B3 or B45.870LISS-IV MXB2 B3 B423.5 or 70AWiFS56740125
15OCEANSAT-3 Mission LAUNCH: 2017-18 OCEANSAT-3 is a global mission and is configured to cover global oceans and provide continuity of ocean colour data with global wind vector and characterization of lower atmosphere and ionosphere.LAUNCH:Objectives:Continuity of ocean colour data with improvements to continue and enhance operational services like potential fishery zone and primary productivity.To enhance the applications by way of simultaneous Sea Surface Temperature (SST) measurements, in addition to chlorophyll, using additional thermal channels, is envisaged in this mission.Continuity of wind vector data through repeat of Scatterometer for cyclone forecasting and numerical weather modelling.The mission, in tandem with Oceansat-2 (on availability), will improve the repetivity of ocean colour measurements to every 24 hour and wind vector measurements to every 12 hour.Payloads:An 13-band Ocean Colour Monitor (OCM) in VNIR ( nm range) with 360 m spatial resolution and 1400 km swath for ocean Colour monitoring2-band Long Wave Infra Red (LWIR) around 11 and 12 μm for Sea Surface Temperature (thermal channels) at 1080 m resolution.A Ku-Band Pencil beam SCATTEROMETER with a ground resolution of 50 km x 50 km for Continuity of wind vector data for cyclone forecasting and numerical weather modelling15
16INSAT - 3DR 6 Channel IMAGER 19 Channel SOUNDER Advanced weather satellite of India configured with improved Imaging System and Atmospheric Sounder6 Channel IMAGERSpectral Bands (µm)Visible :Short Wave Infra Red :Mid Wave Infra Red :Water Vapour :Thermal Infra Red – 1 :Thermal Infra Red – 2 :Resolution : 1 km for Vis & SWIR4 km for MIR & TIR8 km for WVLAUNCH: 201619 Channel SOUNDERSpectral Bands (µm)Short Wave Infra Red : Six bandsMid Wave Infra Red : Five BandsLong Wave Infra Red : Seven BandsVisible : One BandResolution (km) : 10 X 10 for all bandsNo of simultaneous : 4 soundingper band
17NISAR (DESDynI) LAUNCH: 2019-21 Major Objectives Design, develop and launch Dual frequency (L and S Band) Radar Imaging SatelliteExplore newer application areas using L and S band microwave data, especially in surface deformation studies, terrestrial biomass structure, natural resources mapping & monitoring and studies related to dynamics of ice sheets, glaciers, forest fire, oil slick, etc.I‐3K with Stowed Radar Payload in 4m GSLV Fairing
18Satellite Navigation GAGAN: GPS & Geo-Augmented Navigation INRESsINMCCGPSGEOINLUSUser(NavigationPayload)GAGAN: GPS & Geo-Augmented NavigationAugmentation of existing Global system: Improved Positioning Accuracies (from 30m to 6m)Technology Demonstrator Ground segment completed; Two payloads in GSAT 8 & GSAT 10IRNSS: Indian Regional Navigation Satellite SystemIndigenous Regional SystemConstellation of 7 satellites in GSO/ GEOReliable Position, Navigation & Timing services over India & its neighbourhoodFirst satellite launched in 2013GSO830111.50GEO3401320550
19Indian EO Scenario in near future Resourcesat – 1LISS III, LISS IV, AWiFSScatsat (2015)Oceansat-3 (2018)OCM, SCATINSAT-3DR (2015) Imager, SounderCartosat-1Resourcesat – 2LISS III, LISS IV, AWiFSINSAT-3D Imager, SounderCartosat-2RISAT-1AC-bandGISAT-1 (2017)MX, Hyperspectral, ThermalOceansat-2OCM, SCAT, ROSAMegha -TropiquesSAPHIR, SCARAB & ROSARISAT-1C-bandINSAT- 3AVHRR, CCDCartosat-2E (2016)0.65 m PAN, 2 MXKALPANA-1VHRRResourcesat -2A (2015)LISS III, LISS IV, AWiFSCartosat-3 (2017)0.25 m PAN, 1m MX, HYSISARALAltika & ArgosIn-orbitApprovedConsideredResourcesat-3LISS III, LISS IV, AWiFS
21Application Projects in Diversified areas Bio Resources & Environment Agriculture & SoilsBio Resources & EnvironmentCrop Production ForecastSaline/ Sodic Soils mappingAgro-Met Services & Disaster Surveillance (pest, floods, drought)Horticulture developmentForest Cover & Type mappingWetland Inventory & Conservation plansBiodiversity CharacterizationDesertification Status mappingCoastal, Mangroves, Coral relatedSnow & Glacier studiesGeology & Mineral ResourcesCartographyLandslide Hazard ZonationMineral/ Oil Exploration, Mining Areas,Seismo-tectonic StudiesEngineering & Geo-Environmental studiesGCP Library for IRS Data correctionLarge Scale MappingTopo-map updation - Satellite-basedDigital Elevation Model (Carto-DEM)Cadastral Level mappingOcean and MeteorologyRural DevelopmentOcean Primary ProductivityOcean State Forecast (OSF)Storm Surge ModelingRegional Weather predictionTropical Cyclones & Mesoscale studiesExtended Range Monsoon PredictionNational Drinking Water MissionWastelands Mapping/ UpdationWatershed Development & MonitoringLand Records Modernization Plan
22Application Projects in Diversified areas Climate Change Studies Urban DevelopmentWater ResourcesIrrigation Infrastructure assessmentWater Resources Information SystemCommand Area/ Irrigation Performance EvaluationSnow-melt Run-off EstimationReservoir Capacity EvaluationSite Selection for Hydro-PowerUrban Sprawl Mapping of Major CitiesMaster/ Structure PlansComprehensive Dev. Plans (CDP) of selected Cities/ TownsBase Map generation for TownsNational Urban Information SystemNR CensusDisaster Management SupportPeriodic Inventory of Natural Resources under NR Census Programme:Land use/ Land Cover, Soil, Geomorphology, Wetland, Land degradation, Snow & Glaciers, VegetationOperationally addressing various natural disasters like Flood, Cyclone, Drought, Landslide, Earthquake and Forest FireR&D Studies on Early warning Systems, Decision Support ToolsClimate Change StudiesMapping the indicators, Monitoring the agents and Modelling the ImpactCharacterisation of climate variables (Land, Atmosphere & Oceans)Methane Emission, Timberline study, LU LC Change dynamics, etc.
24Modest Beginning - Satellite Data Acquisition NRSA established Earth Station Complex at Annaram Village, Shadnagar, 59 km from Balanagar in 1979 to receive Landsat DataTERMINAL-1(10M DIA)
2510 metre Antenna; L,S Bands 10 metre Antenna; S, X Bands Earth Station at NRSC198319871979200410 metre Antenna; L,S Bands10 metre Antenna; S Band10 metre Antenna; S, X BandsWith Indigenous Feed7.5 metre (Indigenous)S, X Bands2 x105 MbpsLISS IV7.5m Antenna, DualPolarisation X band20072 x 320 MbpsSAR84 MbpsLISS-22 x 84 MbpsPAN2011Multi-mission IMGEOSFour 7.5m antennaeLocated at Shadnagar, 59 km from Hyderabad Established in 1979 with Landsat data reception15 Mbps
27Trends in Data Dissemination Offline user request placing (paper) to online request placing. (UOPS to IMGEOS)Data utilization is increased from 2,000 products / year to 100,000 products / yearTurn around time decreased from10 days to 1 hourMode of dispatch fromTape to CDROM to FTPChange from the photo products to digital environmentImproved Location accuracies and radiometric resolutionReduction in data pricing to the usersFree downloads ~ 2,00,000Satellite Data DisseminationSLASH IN DATA PRICING
28Antarctica Ground Station Salient PointsStation at Bharathi (Larsmann Hills)1 Communication & 2 RS TerminalsBudget: 46 CrVisibility advantage ( out of 14 passes/ day)Remote Ops from NRSC Earth StationConfiguration7.5 m diameter antenna with G/T of 31dB/°K (including Radome Loss )200 W SSPA for Communication terminal10 Mbps satellite link for data transferTTC operationsUpgradability for future Missions
29ISRO’s Multilateral Cooperation International Charter Space and Major Disasters - Initiated by CNES and ESA; ISRO joined in 2002Asia-Pacific Regional Space Agency Forum (APRSAF’s) Sentinel AsiaUNCOPUOS - Long term sustainability of Space activitiesInternational Astronautical Federation (IAF) - India hosted the 58th IAF Congress in 2007International Academy of Astronautics (IAA) – Regional ChapterCommittee on Space Research (COSPAR) – India hosted the Scientific Assembly in 2012 at MysoreCommittee on Earth Observation (CEOS) – Plenary in October 2012 at BangaloreSpace System for the Search of Vessels in Distress (COSPAS) - Search and Rescue Satellite Aided Tracking (SARSAT) System
30Major contributions of India to GEO activities Participation in Global Earth Observation System of Systems (GEOSS) Societal Benefit Areas (SBAs)Support to GEOSS Data Sharing Principles and co-chairing the Data Sharing Task Force (DSTF) – contributing data from Indian satellitesSecretariat for Global Agricultural Monitoring (GEO Task AG-07-03a)Participation in Virtual Constellation of Satellites
31Data Sharing by ISROMajor data sharing from ISRO is under the initiatives of:International Disaster CharterSentinel Asia initiatives with many countriesOceansat-2 OCM, ScatterometerGlobal Chlorophyll-a image for January 2010Web Portal of ISROIndian Data portals for sharing of data:MOSDACNNRMS - NRDBBHUVAN…
32Major contributions of ISRO to CEOS ISRO Chaired the CEOS 12th Plenary & 26th Plenary and hosted its Plenary in Bangalore in 1998 and 2012Hosted the Working Group on Information System and Services (WGISS) meeting in 1997 and 2012Hosted Working Group on Calibration and Validation (WGCV) in 2012ISRO Chaired the CEOS Working Group on Education and Training (WGEdu) and defined its strategySupport to CEOS data handbookCo-chaired the Land Surface Imaging Study GroupRecent contribution:Calibration and validation of ISRO satellite data through WGCV Cal/Val experiments using international well characterized sites)7 Virtual constellation of satellites – support to 5 Virtual constellation through 5 EO satellite instrumentsSupport to global initiatives like Global Forest Observation Initiative, G20 Global Agricultural Monitoring”, Geohazard SupersitesData for filling the gaps for geophysical parameters.Capacity building support for WGCapDContribution to UNFCCC, Rio+20
33Major contributions of ISRO to WGEdu / WGCapD 13th CEOS Plenary meeting in November 1999 held at Stockholm formed the CEOS Working Group on Education and Training (WGEdu) with ISRO as its Chair and UNOOSA as vice chairOrganised its first meeting of WGEdu at IIRS, Dehradun, IndiaPrepared the 3 year action plan for implementing WGEdu strategyOrganised the international workshop on EO Education/Training jointly by ISRO/CEOS-WGEdu and UN-CSSTE-AP in IIRS, Dehradun, IndiaParticipated in the first meeting of WGCapD in Brazil