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Unit six Compare and Contrast. To compare means to discuss how two people, places, or two things are similar. Example: Both teachers and students need.

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Presentation on theme: "Unit six Compare and Contrast. To compare means to discuss how two people, places, or two things are similar. Example: Both teachers and students need."— Presentation transcript:

1 Unit six Compare and Contrast

2 To compare means to discuss how two people, places, or two things are similar. Example: Both teachers and students need to spend a lot of time preparing for classes. To contrast means to discuss how two people, places, or things are different. Example: One main advantage of a bicycle over a car is that a bicycle does not create any air pollution.

3 Using Comparative Structures The words and phrases that are used for writing comparisons: And Both Both….and Also Too Neither…nor Similar to the same as (just) as + adjective + as Likewise Similarly

4 Using Contrastive Structures Adjective + er + than More/less+ adj/ adv +than But, while, though Not the same as Not as…as Different from In contrast However On the other hand

5 Writing Comparison/Contrast Paragraph Following a Formula Method 1: block organization Topic sentence comparing/ contrasting two topics (A & B) Points of comparison /contrast about topic A Points of comparison/ contrast about topic B Concluding sentence (perhaps you can include your opinion: say which you prefer and why)

6 Reading or Seeing Stories Reading a story in a book is often very different from seeing it as a movie. When you read a story, you need to use your imagination. A book usually gives a lot of description about the people, places, and things in the story, so you can create pictures in your mind. In addition, the conversations between people are always written with details that describe how the people look or feel while they are talking. When you read, you use a lot of imagination to help" see" the characters in the story. However, when you see a movie, it is a different experience. When you watch a movie, you do not need to use your imagination. The pictures on the screen give all the details about the people, places, and things in the story. The conversations are spoken out loud, so you just listen and watch. The feelings of the people come through their faces, body movements, and voices. Although a book and a movie might tell the same story, reading a book and watching a movie are very different experiences.

7 Method 2 :point by point organization Topic sentence comparing or contrasting two topics (A& B) First point of comparison/contrast (A1, B1) Second point of comparison/ contrast (A2, B2) Third point of comparison/contrast (A3, B3) Fourth point of comparison/ contrast (A4,B4) Fifth point of comparison/ contrast (A5,B5) Concluding sentence

8 Reading or Seeing Stories Reading a story in a book is often very different from seeing it as a movie. When you read a story, you need to use your imagination. A book usually gives a lot of description about the people, places, and things in the story, so you can create pictures in your mind. However, when you see a movie, it is a different experience. When you watch a movie, you do not need to use your imagination. The pictures on the screen give all the details about the people, places, and things in the story. In addition, in a book, the conversations between people are always written with details that describe how the people look or feel while they are talking. When you read, you use a lot of imagination to help" see" the characters in the story. On the other hand, in a movie, the conversations are spoken out loud, so you just listen and watch. The feelings of the people come through their faces, body movements, and voices. Although a book and a movie might tell the same story, reading a book and watching a movie are very different experiences.

9 Similarities There are similarities between the two topics. Firstly, they both have description. Secondly, they both have conversation.

10 Differences Although there are some similarities, there are also some important differences. Firstly, unlike seeing a movie, when you read a story, you need to use your imagination. Secondly, the conversations between people are always written, but they are spoken out loud in a movie

11 Conclusion There are many structures you can use here… “All in all, / Overall,… The similarities outnumber/ outweigh the differences.” The differences outnumber/ outweigh the similarities. Own opinion – “In my opinion, ….


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