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A Closer Look at the Last Thought Moment. The Last Thought Moment – Important or not?

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1 A Closer Look at the Last Thought Moment

2 The Last Thought Moment – Important or not?

3 The Last Thought Moment – Important or not?

4 The Abhidhamma The Pali Canon, or the Tipitaka, consists of the collection of the three Pitakas : the Sutta Pitaka, the Vinaya Pitaka and the Abhidhamma Pitaka. Although traditionally attributed to the Buddha, the Abhidhamma Pitaka is generally accepted to be the work of later scholar monks who re-organized and tabulated His teachings into this set of 7 books.

5 The Abhidhamma The Pali Canon, or the Tipitaka, consists of the collection of the three Pitakas : the Sutta Pitaka, the Vinaya Pitaka and the Abhidhamma Pitaka. Although traditionally attributed to the Buddha, the Abhidhamma Pitaka is generally accepted to be the work of later scholar monks who re-organized and tabulated His teachings into this set of 7 books.

6 The Abhidhamma Scholars generally date the Abhidhamma to about 100 to 200 years after the death of the Buddha. Also, there is no mention of the Abhidhamma in the First Council and the early schools all had different versions. Therefore, the Abhidhamma is likely not to represent the words of the Buddha directly, but those of his later disciples.

7 The Abhidhamma Scholars generally date the Abhidhamma to about 100 to 200 years after the death of the Buddha. Also, there is no mention of the Abhidhamma in the First Council and the early schools all had different versions. Therefore, the Abhidhamma is likely not to represent the words of the Buddha directly, but those of his later disciples.

8 The Abhidhamma Scholars generally date the Abhidhamma to about 100 to 200 years after the death of the Buddha. Also, there is no mention of the Abhidhamma in the First Council and the early schools all had different versions. Therefore, the Abhidhamma is likely not to represent the words of the Buddha directly, but those of his later disciples.

9 The Abhidhamma Nonetheless, it is a complex and fascinating set of texts which present the teachings in terms of “Ultimate Realities” as opposed to “Conventional Realities”. Consciousness is defined. Thoughts and mental states are analyzed and classified from an ethical standpoint. Mind and matter are discussed, with the aim of realizing Nibbana.

10 The Abhidhamma Nonetheless, it is a complex and fascinating set of texts which present the teachings in terms of “Ultimate Realities” as opposed to “Conventional Realities”. Consciousness is defined. Thoughts and mental states are analyzed and classified from an ethical standpoint. Mind and matter are discussed, with the aim of realizing Nibbana.

11 The Abhidhamma The 7 books of the Abhidhamma are massive works with the last book, Patthana, itself comprising more than 6,000 pages and is by far the single longest book in the Tipitaka. This book describes the 24 Paccayas, or Laws of Conditionality, through which everything, mind and matter, interact.

12 The Abhidhamma The 7 books of the Abhidhamma are massive works with the last book, Patthana, itself comprising more than 6,000 pages and is by far the single longest book in the Tipitaka. This book describes the 24 Paccayas, or Laws of Conditionality, through which everything, mind and matter, interact.

13 The Abhidhamma Patthana explains that all phenomena arise in dependence on other phenomena, such that : No single cause can produce an effect. A cause does not produce only a single effect. Therefore, it is a collection of causes which produces a collection of effects.

14 The Abhidhamma Patthana explains that all phenomena arise in dependence on other phenomena, such that : No single cause can produce an effect. A cause does not produce only a single effect. Therefore, it is a collection of causes which produces a collection of effects.

15 The Abhidhamma Patthana explains that all phenomena arise in dependence on other phenomena, such that : No single cause can produce an effect. A cause does not produce only a single effect. Therefore, it is a collection of causes which produces a collection of effects.

16 The Abhidhamma Patthana explains that all phenomena arise in dependence on other phenomena, such that : No single cause can produce an effect. A cause does not produce only a single effect. Therefore, it is a collection of causes which produces a collection of effects.

17 The Abhidhamma As early as the 5 th century and continuing well through the 12 th, short manuals or compendia of the Abhidhamma appeared, due to its massiveness and complexity. In Burma these are called "little-finger manuals," of which there are 9. The most important by far is the Abhidhammattha Sangaha or "The Compendium of Things contained in the Abhidhamma."

18 The Abhidhamma As early as the 5 th century and continuing well through the 12 th, short manuals or compendia of the Abhidhamma appeared, due to its massiveness and complexity. In Burma these are called "little-finger manuals," of which there are 9. The most important by far is the Abhidhammattha Sangaha or "The Compendium of Things contained in the Abhidhamma."

19 The Abhidhamma Originally written in the 11 th or 12 th century, the Sangaha has served as the key to wisdom held in the Abhidhamma, and comprises of only around 50 pages. It is ascribed to Acariya Anuruddha, about whom so little is known that even his country of origin and the exact century in which he lived remain in question.

20 The Abhidhamma Originally written in the 11 th or 12 th century, the Sangaha has served as the key to wisdom held in the Abhidhamma, and comprises of only around 50 pages. It is ascribed to Acariya Anuruddha, about whom so little is known that even his country of origin and the exact century in which he lived remain in question.

21 The Abhidhamma Consciousness / Cittas Mental Factors / Cetasikas Form / Rupa The Thought Process The Last Thought Moment

22 The Abhidhamma Consciousness / Cittas Mental Factors / Cetasikas Form / Rupa The Thought Process The Last Thought Moment

23 The Abhidhamma Consciousness / Cittas Mental Factors / Cetasikas Form / Rupa The Thought Process The Last Thought Moment

24 The Abhidhamma Consciousness / Cittas Mental Factors / Cetasikas Form / Rupa The Thought Process The Last Thought Moment

25 The Abhidhamma Consciousness / Cittas Mental Factors / Cetasikas Form / Rupa The Thought Process The Last Thought Moment

26

27 31 Planes of Existence 4 Formless Planes Beings of Mind Only Neither Perception nor Non-Perception Nothingness Infinite Consciousness Infinite Space 16 Form Planes Beings of Fine Material 5 Pure Abodes for Non-Returners 10 Brahma realms 1 realm of body only (no mind) 7 Planes of Sensual Happiness 6 Deva realms 1 Human realm 4 Planes of MiseryDemons Hungry Ghosts Animals Hell

28 31 Planes of Existence 4 Formless Planes Beings of Mind Only Neither Perception nor Non-Perception Nothingness Infinite Consciousness Infinite Space 16 Form Planes Beings of Fine Material 5 Pure Abodes for Non-Returners 10 Brahma realms 1 realm of body only (no mind) 7 Planes of Sensual Happiness 6 Deva realms 1 Human realm 4 Planes of MiseryDemons Hungry Ghosts Animals Hell

29 31 Planes of Existence 4 Formless Planes Beings of Mind Only Neither Perception nor Non-Perception Nothingness Infinite Consciousness Infinite Space 16 Form Planes Beings of Fine Material 5 Pure Abodes for Non-Returners 10 Brahma realms 1 realm of body only (no mind) 7 Planes of Sensual Happiness 6 Deva realms 1 Human realm 4 Planes of MiseryDemons Hungry Ghosts Animals Hell

30 31 Planes of Existence 4 Formless Planes Beings of Mind Only Neither Perception nor Non-Perception Nothingness Infinite Consciousness Infinite Space 16 Form Planes Beings of Fine Material 5 Pure Abodes for Non-Returners 10 Brahma realms 1 realm of body only (no mind) 7 Planes of Sensual Happiness 6 Deva realms 1 Human realm 4 Planes of MiseryDemons Hungry Ghosts Animals Hell

31 31 Planes of Existence 4 Formless Planes Beings of Mind Only Neither Perception nor Non-Perception Nothingness Infinite Consciousness Infinite Space 16 Form Planes Beings of Fine Material 5 Pure Abodes for Non-Returners 10 Brahma realms 1 realm of body only (no mind) Sensual Planes of Existence Kammavacara 6 Deva realms 1 Human realm Demons Hungry Ghosts Animals Hell

32 31 Planes of Existence 4 Formless Planes Beings of Mind Only Neither Perception nor Non-Perception Nothingness Infinite Consciousness Infinite Space Form Planes of Existence Rupavacara 5 Pure Abodes for Non-Returners 10 Brahma realms 1 realm of body only (no mind) Sensual Planes of Existence Kammavacara 6 Deva realms 1 Human realm Demons Hungry Ghosts Animals Hell

33 31 Planes of Existence Formless Planes of Existence Arupavacara Neither Perception nor Non-Perception Nothingness Infinite Consciousness Infinite Space Form Planes of Existence Rupavacara 5 Pure Abodes for Non-Returners 10 Brahma realms 1 realm of body only (no mind) Sensual Planes of Existence Kammavacara 6 Deva realms 1 Human realm Demons Hungry Ghosts Animals Hell

34 31 Planes of Existence Literal view : These are actual places of existence. Psychological view : These are states of mind. Composite view : These are states of mind pertaining to the 31 Planes, leading eventually to rebirth in one of these 31 Planes.

35 31 Planes of Existence Literal view : These are actual places of existence. Psychological view : These are states of mind. Composite view : These are states of mind pertaining to the 31 Planes, leading eventually to rebirth in one of these 31 Planes.

36 31 Planes of Existence Literal view : These are actual places of existence. Psychological view : These are states of mind. Composite view : These are states of mind pertaining to the 31 Planes, leading eventually to rebirth in one of these 31 Planes.

37 31 Planes of Existence Literal view : These are actual places of existence. Psychological view : These are states of mind. Composite view : These are states of mind pertaining to the 31 Planes, leading eventually to rebirth in one of these 31 Planes.

38 31 Planes of Existence Literal view : These are actual places of existence. Psychological view : These are states of mind. Composite view : These are states of mind pertaining to the 31 Planes, leading eventually to rebirth in one of these 31 Planes.

39 31 Planes of Existence Literal view : These are actual places of existence. Psychological view : These are states of mind. Composite view : These are states of mind pertaining to the 31 Planes, leading eventually to rebirth in one of these 31 Planes.

40 Consciousness / Cittas - Roots Unwholesome (Akusala) Wholesome (Kusala) Greed (Lobha) Non-Greed (Alobha) Hatred (Dosa) Non-Hatred (Adosa) Delusion (Moha) Non-Delusion (Amoha)

41 Consciousness / Cittas - Roots Unwholesome (Akusala) Wholesome (Kusala) Greed (Lobha) Non-Greed (Alobha) Hatred (Dosa) Non-Hatred (Adosa) Delusion (Moha) Non-Delusion (Amoha)

42 Consciousness / Cittas - Roots Unwholesome (Akusala) Wholesome (Kusala) Greed (Lobha) Non-Greed (Alobha) Hatred (Dosa) Non-Hatred (Adosa) Delusion (Moha) Non-Delusion (Amoha)

43 Consciousness / Cittas - Roots Unwholesome (Akusala) Wholesome (Kusala) Greed (Lobha) Non-Greed (Alobha) Hatred (Dosa) Non-Hatred (Adosa) Delusion (Moha) Non-Delusion (Amoha)

44 Consciousness / Cittas - Roots Unwholesome (Akusala) Wholesome (Kusala) Greed (Lobha) Non-Greed (Alobha) Hatred (Dosa) Non-Hatred (Adosa) Delusion (Moha) Non-Delusion (Amoha)

45 Consciousness / Cittas - Roots Unwholesome (Akusala) Wholesome (Kusala) Greed (Lobha) Non-Greed (Alobha) Hatred (Dosa) Non-Hatred (Adosa) Delusion (Moha) Non-Delusion (Amoha)

46 Consciousness / Cittas - Roots Unwholesome (Akusala) Wholesome (Kusala) Greed (Lobha) Non-Greed (Alobha) Hatred (Dosa) Non-Hatred (Adosa) Delusion (Moha) Non-Delusion (Amoha)

47 Consciousness / Cittas - Roots Unwholesome (Akusala) Wholesome (Kusala) Greed (Lobha) Non-Greed (Alobha) Hatred (Dosa) Non-Hatred (Adosa) Delusion (Moha) Non-Delusion (Amoha)

48 Consciousness / Cittas - Roots Unwholesome (Akusala) Wholesome (Kusala) Greed (Lobha) Non-Greed (Alobha) Hatred (Dosa) Non-Hatred (Adosa) Delusion (Moha) Non-Delusion (Amoha)

49 Consciousness / Cittas - Types Intention (Kamma) Resultant (Vipaka) Functional (Kriya)

50 Consciousness / Cittas - Types Intention (Kamma) Resultant (Vipaka) Functional (Kriya)

51 Consciousness / Cittas - Types Intention (Kamma) Resultant (Vipaka) Functional (Kriya)

52 Consciousness / Cittas - Types Intention (Kamma) Resultant (Vipaka) Functional (Kriya)

53 31 Planes of Existence Formless Planes of Existence Arupavacara Neither Perception nor Non-Perception Nothingness Infinite Consciousness Infinite Space Form Planes of Existence Rupavacara 5 Pure Abodes for Non-Returners 10 Brahma realms 1 realm of body only (no mind) Sensual Planes of Existence Kammavacara 6 Deva realms 1 Human realm Demons Hungry Ghosts Animals Hell

54 CLASSIFICATION OF CITTAS BY PLANES OF EXISTENCE Consciousness or Cittas (89) Sensual PlanesForm PlanesFormless PlanesSupramundane WholesomeResultantFunctional WholesomeResultantFunctional PathFruit WholesomeUnwholesomeRootless functional

55 CLASSIFICATION OF CITTAS BY PLANES OF EXISTENCE Consciousness or Cittas (89) Sensual PlanesForm PlanesFormless PlanesSupramundane WholesomeResultantFunctional WholesomeResultantFunctional PathFruit WholesomeUnwholesomeRootless functional

56 CLASSIFICATION OF CITTAS BY PLANES OF EXISTENCE Consciousness or Cittas (89) Sensual PlanesForm PlanesFormless PlanesSupramundane WholesomeResultantFunctional WholesomeResultantFunctional PathFruit WholesomeUnwholesomeRootless functional

57 CLASSIFICATION OF CITTAS BY PLANES OF EXISTENCE Consciousness or Cittas (89) Sensual PlanesForm PlanesFormless PlanesSupramundane WholesomeResultantFunctional WholesomeResultantFunctional PathFruit WholesomeUnwholesomeRootless functional

58 CLASSIFICATION OF CITTAS BY PLANES OF EXISTENCE Consciousness or Cittas (89) Sensual PlanesForm PlanesFormless PlanesSupramundane WholesomeResultantFunctional WholesomeResultantFunctional PathFruit WholesomeUnwholesomeRootless functional

59 CLASSIFICATION OF CITTAS BY PLANES OF EXISTENCE Consciousness or Cittas (89) Sensual PlanesForm PlanesFormless PlanesSupramundane WholesomeResultantFunctional WholesomeResultantFunctional PathFruit WholesomeUnwholesomeRootless functional

60 CLASSIFICATION OF CITTAS BY PLANES OF EXISTENCE Consciousness or Cittas (89) Sensual PlanesForm PlanesFormless PlanesSupramundane WholesomeResultantFunctional WholesomeResultantFunctional PathFruit WholesomeUnwholesomeRootless functional

61 CLASSIFICATION OF CITTAS BY PLANES OF EXISTENCE Consciousness or Cittas (89) Sensual PlanesForm PlanesFormless PlanesSupramundane WholesomeResultantFunctional WholesomeResultantFunctional PathFruit WholesomeUnwholesomeRootless functional

62 CLASSIFICATION OF CITTAS BY PLANES OF EXISTENCE Consciousness or Cittas (89) Sensual PlanesForm PlanesFormless PlanesSupramundane WholesomeResultantFunctional WholesomeResultantFunctional PathFruit WholesomeUnwholesomeRootless functional

63 Consciousness / Cittas Cittas perform 14 different functions : 1. Rebirth linking – Patisandhi citta 2. Life continuum – Bhavanga cittas 3. Adverting 4. Seeing 5. Hearing 6. Smelling 7. Tasting 8. Touching 9. Receiving – Sampaticchana 10. Investigating – Santirana 11. Determining – Votthapana 12. Impulsion – Javana 13. Registering – Tadalambana 14. Death – Cuti citta

64 Consciousness / Cittas Cittas perform 14 different functions : 1. Rebirth linking – Patisandhi citta 2. Life continuum – Bhavanga cittas 3. Adverting 4. Seeing 5. Hearing 6. Smelling 7. Tasting 8. Touching 9. Receiving – Sampaticchana 10. Investigating – Santirana 11. Determining – Votthapana 12. Impulsion – Javana 13. Registering – Tadalambana 14. Death – Cuti citta

65 Consciousness / Cittas Cittas perform 14 different functions : 1. Rebirth linking – Patisandhi citta 2. Life continuum – Bhavanga cittas 3. Adverting 4. Seeing 5. Hearing 6. Smelling 7. Tasting 8. Touching 9. Receiving – Sampaticchana 10. Investigating – Santirana 11. Determining – Votthapana 12. Impulsion – Javana 13. Registering – Tadalambana 14. Death – Cuti citta

66 Consciousness / Cittas Cittas perform 14 different functions : 1. Rebirth linking – Patisandhi citta 2. Life continuum – Bhavanga cittas 3. Adverting 4. Seeing 5. Hearing 6. Smelling 7. Tasting 8. Touching 9. Receiving – Sampaticchana 10. Investigating – Santirana 11. Determining – Votthapana 12. Impulsion – Javana 13. Registering – Tadalambana 14. Death – Cuti citta

67 Consciousness / Cittas Cittas perform 14 different functions : 1. Rebirth linking – Patisandhi citta 2. Life continuum – Bhavanga cittas 3. Adverting 4. Seeing 5. Hearing 6. Smelling 7. Tasting 8. Touching 9. Receiving – Sampaticchana 10. Investigating – Santirana 11. Determining – Votthapana 12. Impulsion – Javana 13. Registering – Tadalambana 14. Death – Cuti citta

68 Consciousness / Cittas Cittas perform 14 different functions : 1. Rebirth linking – Patisandhi citta 2. Life continuum – Bhavanga cittas 3. Adverting 4. Seeing 5. Hearing 6. Smelling 7. Tasting 8. Touching 9. Receiving – Sampaticchana 10. Investigating – Santirana 11. Determining – Votthapana 12. Impulsion – Javana 13. Registering – Tadalambana 14. Death – Cuti citta

69 Consciousness / Cittas Cittas perform 14 different functions : 1. Rebirth linking – Patisandhi citta 2. Life continuum – Bhavanga cittas 3. Adverting 4. Seeing 5. Hearing 6. Smelling 7. Tasting 8. Touching 9. Receiving – Sampaticchana 10. Investigating – Santirana 11. Determining – Votthapana 12. Impulsion – Javana 13. Registering – Tadalambana 14. Death – Cuti citta

70 Consciousness / Cittas Cittas perform 14 different functions : 1. Rebirth linking – Patisandhi citta 2. Life continuum – Bhavanga cittas 3. Adverting 4. Seeing 5. Hearing 6. Smelling 7. Tasting 8. Touching 9. Receiving – Sampaticchana 10. Investigating – Santirana 11. Determining – Votthapana 12. Impulsion – Javana 13. Registering – Tadalambana 14. Death – Cuti citta

71 Consciousness / Cittas Cittas perform 14 different functions : 1. Rebirth linking – Patisandhi citta 2. Life continuum – Bhavanga cittas 3. Adverting 4. Seeing 5. Hearing 6. Smelling 7. Tasting 8. Touching 9. Receiving – Sampaticchana 10. Investigating – Santirana 11. Determining – Votthapana 12. Impulsion – Javana 13. Registering – Tadalambana 14. Death – Cuti citta

72 Consciousness / Cittas Cittas perform 14 different functions : 1. Rebirth linking – Patisandhi citta 2. Life continuum – Bhavanga cittas 3. Adverting 4. Seeing 5. Hearing 6. Smelling 7. Tasting 8. Touching 9. Receiving – Sampaticchana 10. Investigating – Santirana 11. Determining – Votthapana 12. Impulsion – Javana 13. Registering – Tadalambana 14. Death – Cuti citta

73 Consciousness / Cittas Cittas perform 14 different functions : 1. Rebirth linking – Patisandhi citta 2. Life continuum – Bhavanga cittas 3. Adverting 4. Seeing 5. Hearing 6. Smelling 7. Tasting 8. Touching 9. Receiving – Sampaticchana 10. Investigating – Santirana 11. Determining – Votthapana 12. Impulsion – Javana 13. Registering – Tadalambana 14. Death – Cuti citta

74 Consciousness / Cittas Cittas perform 14 different functions : 1. Rebirth linking – Patisandhi citta 2. Life continuum – Bhavanga cittas 3. Adverting 4. Seeing 5. Hearing 6. Smelling 7. Tasting 8. Touching 9. Receiving – Sampaticchana 10. Investigating – Santirana 11. Determining – Votthapana 12. Impulsion – Javana 13. Registering – Tadalambana 14. Death – Cuti citta

75 Consciousness / Cittas Cittas perform 14 different functions : 1. Rebirth linking – Patisandhi citta 2. Life continuum – Bhavanga cittas 3. Adverting 4. Seeing 5. Hearing 6. Smelling 7. Tasting 8. Touching 9. Receiving – Sampaticchana 10. Investigating – Santirana 11. Determining – Votthapana 12. Impulsion – Javana 13. Registering – Tadalambana 14. Death – Cuti citta

76 Consciousness / Cittas Cittas perform 14 different functions : 1. Rebirth linking – Patisandhi citta 2. Life continuum – Bhavanga cittas 3. Adverting 4. Seeing 5. Hearing 6. Smelling 7. Tasting 8. Touching 9. Receiving – Sampaticchana 10. Investigating – Santirana 11. Determining – Votthapana 12. Impulsion – Javana 13. Registering – Tadalambana 14. Death – Cuti citta

77 Consciousness / Cittas Cittas perform 14 different functions : 1. Rebirth linking – Patisandhi citta 2. Life continuum – Bhavanga cittas 3. Adverting 4. Seeing 5. Hearing 6. Smelling 7. Tasting 8. Touching 9. Receiving – Sampaticchana 10. Investigating – Santirana 11. Determining – Votthapana 12. Impulsion – Javana 13. Registering – Tadalambana 14. Death – Cuti citta

78 Consciousness / Cittas According to the Abhidhamma, millions of thoughts run through our minds every second. Each thought consists of a stream of 17 thought moments which are types of consciousness or cittas. Therefore, there are billions of cittas occurring in our minds each second, which are too quick to be perceived.

79 Consciousness / Cittas According to the Abhidhamma, millions of thoughts run through our minds every second. Each thought consists of a stream of 17 thought moments which are types of consciousness or cittas. Therefore, there are billions of cittas occurring in our minds each second, which are too quick to be perceived.

80 Consciousness / Cittas According to the Abhidhamma, millions of thoughts run through our minds every second. Each thought consists of a stream of 17 thought moments which are types of consciousness or cittas. Therefore, there are billions of cittas occurring in our minds each second, which are too quick to be perceived.

81 Mental Factors / Cetasikas These are the 52 mental factors that arise together, and are associated, with consciousness and can be subdivided into four types : 1. Universals 2. Occasionals 3. Unwholesome 4. Wholesome

82 Mental Factors / Cetasikas These are the 52 mental factors that arise together, and are associated, with consciousness and can be subdivided into four types : 1. Universals 2. Occasionals 3. Unwholesome 4. Wholesome

83 Mental Factors / Cetasikas These are the 52 mental factors that arise together, and are associated, with consciousness and can be subdivided into four types : 1. Universals 2. Occasionals 3. Unwholesome 4. Wholesome

84 Mental Factors / Cetasikas These are the 52 mental factors that arise together, and are associated, with consciousness and can be subdivided into four types : 1. Universals 2. Occasionals 3. Unwholesome 4. Wholesome

85 Mental Factors / Cetasikas These are the 52 mental factors that arise together, and are associated, with consciousness and can be subdivided into four types : 1. Universals 2. Occasionals 3. Unwholesome 4. Wholesome

86 Mental Factors / Cetasikas These are the 52 mental factors that arise together, and are associated, with consciousness and can be subdivided into four types : 1. Universals 2. Occasionals 3. Unwholesome 4. Wholesome

87 Form / Rupa All matter is comprised of 4 elements, in varying degrees, which are the building blocks of all material things : 1. Earth element : Solidity 2. Water element : Fluidity 3. Fire element : Temperature 4. Wind element : Motion

88 Form / Rupa All matter is comprised of 4 elements, in varying degrees, which are the building blocks of all material things : 1. Earth element : Solidity 2. Water element : Fluidity 3. Fire element : Temperature 4. Wind element : Motion

89 Form / Rupa All matter is comprised of 4 elements, in varying degrees, which are the building blocks of all material things : 1. Earth element : Solidity 2. Water element : Fluidity 3. Fire element : Temperature 4. Wind element : Motion

90 Form / Rupa All matter is comprised of 4 elements, in varying degrees, which are the building blocks of all material things : 1. Earth element : Solidity 2. Water element : Fluidity 3. Fire element : Temperature 4. Wind element : Motion

91 Form / Rupa All matter is comprised of 4 elements, in varying degrees, which are the building blocks of all material things : 1. Earth element : Solidity 2. Water element : Fluidity 3. Fire element : Temperature 4. Wind element : Motion

92 Form / Rupa All matter is comprised of 4 elements, in varying degrees, which are the building blocks of all material things : 1. Earth element : Solidity 2. Water element : Fluidity 3. Fire element : Temperature 4. Wind element : Motion

93 The Thought Process A thought process starts when an object impinges on one of our senses. In Buddhism, there are 6 senses : 1. Seeing (Eye) 2. Hearing (Ear) 3. Smelling (Nose) 4. Tasting (Tongue) 5. Touching (Body) 6. Thinking (Mind)

94 The Thought Process A thought process starts when an object impinges on one of our senses. In Buddhism, there are 6 senses : 1. Seeing (Eye) 2. Hearing (Ear) 3. Smelling (Nose) 4. Tasting (Tongue) 5. Touching (Body) 6. Thinking (Mind)

95 The Thought Process A thought process starts when an object impinges on one of our senses. In Buddhism, there are 6 senses : 1. Seeing (Eye) 2. Hearing (Ear) 3. Smelling (Nose) 4. Tasting (Tongue) 5. Touching (Body) 6. Thinking (Mind)

96 The Thought Process A thought process starts when an object impinges on one of our senses. In Buddhism, there are 6 senses : 1. Seeing (Eye) 2. Hearing (Ear) 3. Smelling (Nose) 4. Tasting (Tongue) 5. Touching (Body) 6. Thinking (Mind)

97 The Thought Process A thought process starts when an object impinges on one of our senses. In Buddhism, there are 6 senses : 1. Seeing (Eye) 2. Hearing (Ear) 3. Smelling (Nose) 4. Tasting (Tongue) 5. Touching (Body) 6. Thinking (Mind)

98 The Thought Process A thought process starts when an object impinges on one of our senses. In Buddhism, there are 6 senses : 1. Seeing (Eye) 2. Hearing (Ear) 3. Smelling (Nose) 4. Tasting (Tongue) 5. Touching (Body) 6. Thinking (Mind)

99 The Thought Process A thought process starts when an object impinges on one of our senses. In Buddhism, there are 6 senses : 1. Seeing (Eye) 2. Hearing (Ear) 3. Smelling (Nose) 4. Tasting (Tongue) 5. Touching (Body) 6. Thinking (Mind)

100 The Thought Process Example of thought process of Seeing : Subconscious (3)Resultant Turning to sense door (1)Functional Sense consciousness (3)Resultant Determining consciousness (1)Functional Intention consciousness (7)Kamma Retention consciousness (2)Resultant

101 The Thought Process Example of thought process of Seeing : Subconscious (3)Resultant Turning to sense door (1)Functional Sense consciousness (3)Resultant Determining consciousness (1)Functional Intention consciousness (7)Kamma Retention consciousness (2)Resultant

102 The Thought Process Example of thought process of Seeing : Subconscious (3)Resultant Turning to sense door (1)Functional Sense consciousness (3)Resultant Determining consciousness (1)Functional Intention consciousness (7)Kamma Retention consciousness (2)Resultant

103 The Thought Process Example of thought process of Seeing : Subconscious (3)Resultant Turning to sense door (1)Functional Sense consciousness (3)Resultant Determining consciousness (1)Functional Intention consciousness (7)Kamma Retention consciousness (2)Resultant

104 The Thought Process Example of thought process of Seeing : Subconscious (3)Resultant Turning to sense door (1)Functional Sense consciousness (3)Resultant Determining consciousness (1)Functional Intention consciousness (7)Kamma Retention consciousness (2)Resultant

105 The Thought Process Example of thought process of Seeing : Subconscious (3)Resultant Turning to sense door (1)Functional Sense consciousness (3)Resultant Determining consciousness (1)Functional Intention consciousness (7)Kamma Retention consciousness (2)Resultant

106 The Thought Process Example of thought process of Seeing : Subconscious (3)Resultant Turning to sense door (1)Functional Sense consciousness (3)Resultant Determining consciousness (1)Functional Intention consciousness (7)Kamma Retention consciousness (2)Resultant

107 The Thought Process Five sense door thought process Past Bhavanga - Vibrating Bhavanga - Arrest Bhavanga Sense door Adverting Eye / Ear / Nose / Tongue / Body Consciousness Receiving Consciousness – Investigating Consciousness Determining Consciousness Javana – Javana – Javana – Javana – Javana – Javana – Javana Registering Consciousness – Registering Consciousness PBVBAB5S Dr SRcInvDtJ1J2….J7R1R2

108 The Thought Process Five sense door thought process Past Bhavanga - Vibrating Bhavanga - Arrest Bhavanga Sense door Adverting Eye / Ear / Nose / Tongue / Body Consciousness Receiving Consciousness – Investigating Consciousness Determining Consciousness Javana – Javana – Javana – Javana – Javana – Javana – Javana Registering Consciousness – Registering Consciousness PBVBAB5S Dr SRcInvDtJ1J2….J7R1R2

109 The Thought Process Five sense door thought process Past Bhavanga - Vibrating Bhavanga - Arrest Bhavanga Sense door Adverting Eye / Ear / Nose / Tongue / Body Consciousness Receiving Consciousness – Investigating Consciousness Determining Consciousness Javana – Javana – Javana – Javana – Javana – Javana – Javana Registering Consciousness – Registering Consciousness PBVBAB5S Dr SRcInvDtJ1J2….J7R1R2

110 The Thought Process Five sense door thought process Past Bhavanga - Vibrating Bhavanga - Arrest Bhavanga Sense door Adverting Eye / Ear / Nose / Tongue / Body Consciousness Receiving Consciousness – Investigating Consciousness Determining Consciousness Javana – Javana – Javana – Javana – Javana – Javana – Javana Registering Consciousness – Registering Consciousness PBVBAB5S Dr SRcInvDtJ1J2….J7R1R2

111 The Thought Process Five sense door thought process Past Bhavanga - Vibrating Bhavanga - Arrest Bhavanga Sense door Adverting Eye / Ear / Nose / Tongue / Body Consciousness Receiving Consciousness – Investigating Consciousness Determining Consciousness Javana – Javana – Javana – Javana – Javana – Javana – Javana Registering Consciousness – Registering Consciousness PBVBAB5S Dr SRcInvDtJ1J2….J7R1R2

112 The Thought Process Five sense door thought process Past Bhavanga - Vibrating Bhavanga - Arrest Bhavanga Sense door Adverting Eye / Ear / Nose / Tongue / Body Consciousness Receiving Consciousness – Investigating Consciousness Determining Consciousness Javana – Javana – Javana – Javana – Javana – Javana – Javana Registering Consciousness – Registering Consciousness PBVBAB5S Dr SRcInvDtJ1J2….J7R1R2

113 The Thought Process Five sense door thought process Past Bhavanga - Vibrating Bhavanga - Arrest Bhavanga Sense door Adverting Eye / Ear / Nose / Tongue / Body Consciousness Receiving Consciousness – Investigating Consciousness Determining Consciousness Javana – Javana – Javana – Javana – Javana – Javana – Javana Registering Consciousness – Registering Consciousness PBVBAB5S Dr SRcInvDtJ1J2….J7R1R2

114 The Thought Process Thought process at death One of three objects will appear in the consciousness of a person just before death : 1. Recollection of a past kamma - Kamma 2. An object related to a past kamma - Kamma nimitta 3. A sign of destiny - Gati nimitta

115 The Thought Process Thought process at death One of three objects will appear in the consciousness of a person just before death : 1. Recollection of a past kamma - Kamma 2. An object related to a past kamma - Kamma nimitta 3. A sign of destiny - Gati nimitta

116 The Thought Process Thought process at death One of three objects will appear in the consciousness of a person just before death : 1. Recollection of a past kamma - Kamma 2. An object related to a past kamma - Kamma nimitta 3. A sign of destiny - Gati nimitta

117 The Thought Process Thought process at death One of three objects will appear in the consciousness of a person just before death : 1. Recollection of a past kamma - Kamma 2. An object related to a past kamma - Kamma nimitta 3. A sign of destiny - Gati nimitta

118 The Thought Process Thought process at death One of three objects will appear in the consciousness of a person just before death : 1. Recollection of a past kamma - Kamma 2. An object related to a past kamma - Kamma nimitta 3. A sign of destiny - Gati nimitta

119 The Thought Process Thought process at death The object, appearing at the last thought process (sense door or mind door), arises to the javana cittas just before the death citta. This object effectively determines the place of the next rebirth. This is because the first citta in the next life (rebirth linking or patisandhi citta) will take the same object, and so will the subsequent life continuum (bhavanga) cittas.

120 The Thought Process Thought process at death The object, appearing at the last thought process (sense door or mind door), arises to the javana cittas just before the death citta. This object effectively determines the place of the next rebirth. This is because the first citta in the next life (rebirth linking or patisandhi citta) will take the same object, and so will the subsequent life continuum (bhavanga) cittas.

121 The Thought Process Thought process at death The object, appearing at the last thought process (sense door or mind door), arises to the javana cittas just before the death citta. This object effectively determines the place of the next rebirth. This is because the first citta in the next life (rebirth linking or patisandhi citta) will take the same object, and so will the subsequent life continuum (bhavanga) cittas.

122 The Thought Process Thought process at death Last thought process before death First thought process in the new life PBVBAB5S Dr SRcInvDtJ1J2J3J4J5De RBB1B2B3B4B5…..B15B16

123 The Thought Process Thought process at death Last thought process before death First thought process in the new life PBVBAB5S Dr SRcInvDtJ1J2J3J4J5De RBB1B2B3B4B5…..B15B16

124 The Thought Process Thought process at death Last thought process before death First thought process in the new life PBVBAB5S Dr SRcInvDtJ1J2J3J4J5De RBB1B2B3B4B5…..B15B16

125 The Thought Process Thought process at death Last thought process before death First thought process in the new life PBVBAB5S Dr SRcInvDtJ1J2J3J4J5De RBB1B2B3B4B5…..B15B16

126 The Thought Process Thought process at death Last thought process before death First thought process in the new life PBVBAB5S Dr SRcInvDtJ1J2J3J4J5De RBB1B2B3B4B5…..B15B16

127 The Thought Process Thought process at death Last thought process before death First thought process in the new life PBVBAB5S Dr SRcInvDtJ1J2J3J4J5De RBB1B2B3B4B5…..B15B16

128 The Thought Process Thought process at death Last thought process before death First thought process in the new life PBVBAB5S Dr SRcInvDtJ1J2J3J4J5De RBB1B2B3B4B5…..B15B16

129 The Thought Process Thought process at death Last thought process before death First thought process in the new life PBVBAB5S Dr SRcInvDtJ1J2J3J4J5De RBB1B2B3B4B5…..B15B16

130 The Thought Process Thought process at death Last thought process before death First thought process in the new life PBVBAB5S Dr SRcInvDtJ1J2J3J4J5De RBB1B2B3B4B5…..B15B16

131 The Thought Process Thought process at death Last thought process before death First thought process in the new life PBVBAB5S Dr SRcInvDtJ1J2J3J4J5De RBB1B2B3B4B5…..B15B16

132 31 Planes of Existence 4 Formless Planes Beings of Mind Only Neither Perception nor Non-Perception Nothingness Infinite Consciousness Infinite Space 16 Form Planes Beings of Fine Material 5 Pure Abodes for Non-Returners 10 Brahma realms 1 realm of body only (no mind) 7 Planes of Sensual Happiness 6 Deva realms 1 Human realm 4 Planes of MiseryDemons Hungry Ghosts Animals Hell

133 31 Planes of Existence 4 Formless Planes Beings of Mind Only Neither Perception nor Non-Perception Nothingness Infinite Consciousness Infinite Space 16 Form Planes Beings of Fine Material 5 Pure Abodes for Non-Returners 10 Brahma realms 1 realm of body only (no mind) Sensual Planes of Existence Kammavacara 6 Deva realms 1 Human realm Demons Hungry Ghosts Animals Hell

134 31 Planes of Existence 4 Formless Planes Beings of Mind Only Neither Perception nor Non-Perception Nothingness Infinite Consciousness Infinite Space Form Planes of Existence Rupavacara 5 Pure Abodes for Non-Returners 10 Brahma realms 1 realm of body only (no mind) Sensual Planes of Existence Kammavacara 6 Deva realms 1 Human realm Demons Hungry Ghosts Animals Hell

135 31 Planes of Existence Formless Planes of Existence Arupavacara Neither Perception nor Non-Perception Nothingness Infinite Consciousness Infinite Space Form Planes of Existence Rupavacara 5 Pure Abodes for Non-Returners 10 Brahma realms 1 realm of body only (no mind) Sensual Planes of Existence Kammavacara 6 Deva realms 1 Human realm Demons Hungry Ghosts Animals Hell

136 The Last Thought Moment According to the Theravada Abhidhamma, the last thought moment before death is of crucial importance as it determines the destination and condition of the next life. Therefore, a person who has done much good in his life, may have an unfortunate rebirth due to an adverse last thought moment, and vice versa.

137 The Last Thought Moment According to the Theravada Abhidhamma, the last thought moment before death is of crucial importance as it determines the destination and condition of the next life. Therefore, a person who has done much good in his life, may have an unfortunate rebirth due to an adverse last thought moment, and vice versa.

138 The Last Thought Moment However, this is against the general principle of kamma that one single thought moment can undo a life of good deeds, or conversely, make up for a life of evil. In any case, it is impossible to control or predict the last thought moment as there are billions of thought moments arising and passing away every second.

139 The Last Thought Moment However, this is against the general principle of kamma that one single thought moment can undo a life of good deeds, or conversely, make up for a life of evil. In any case, it is impossible to control or predict the last thought moment as there are billions of thought moments arising and passing away every second.

140 The Last Thought Moment It is much more likely that a person who has done many evil deeds will have the bad kamma of an unwholesome last thought moment, despite the conditions of death, leading to a less fortunate rebirth. In the same way, a person who has done many good things, will very likely have the good kamma of a wholesome last thought moment, leading to a fortunate rebirth, despite the conditions of death.

141 The Last Thought Moment It is much more likely that a person who has done many evil deeds will have the bad kamma of an unwholesome last thought moment, despite the conditions of death, leading to a less fortunate rebirth. In the same way, a person who has done many good things, will very likely have the good kamma of a wholesome last thought moment, leading to a fortunate rebirth, despite the conditions of death.

142 The Last Thought Moment A Comprehensive Manual of Abhidhamma by Bhikkhu Bodhi : “…we might briefly note a few of the Abhidhammic conceptions that are characteristic of the Commentaries but either unknown or recessive in the Abhidhamma Pitaka itself. One is the detailed account of the cognitive process (cittavithi).”

143 The Last Thought Moment A Comprehensive Manual of Abhidhamma by Bhikkhu Bodhi : “…we might briefly note a few of the Abhidhammic conceptions that are characteristic of the Commentaries but either unknown or recessive in the Abhidhamma Pitaka itself. One is the detailed account of the cognitive process (cittavithi).”

144 The Last Thought Moment A Comprehensive Manual of Abhidhamma by Bhikkhu Bodhi : “…we might briefly note a few of the Abhidhammic conceptions that are characteristic of the Commentaries but either unknown or recessive in the Abhidhamma Pitaka itself. One is the detailed account of the cognitive process (cittavithi).”

145 The Last Thought Moment “While this conception seems to be tacitly recognized in the canonical books, it now comes to be drawn out for use as an explanatory tool in its own right. The functions of the cittas, the different types of consciousness, are specified, and in time the cittas themselves come to be designated by way of their functions.”

146 The Last Thought Moment “While this conception seems to be tacitly recognized in the canonical books, it now comes to be drawn out for use as an explanatory tool in its own right. The functions of the cittas, the different types of consciousness, are specified, and in time the cittas themselves come to be designated by way of their functions.”

147 Consciousness / Cittas Cittas perform 14 different functions : 1. Rebirth linking – Patisandhi citta 2. Life continuum – Bhavanga cittas 3. Adverting 4. Seeing 5. Hearing 6. Smelling 7. Tasting 8. Touching 9. Receiving – Sampaticchana 10. Investigating – Santirana 11. Determining – Votthapana 12. Impulsion – Javana 13. Registering – Tadalambana 14. Death – Cuti citta

148 The Thought Process Five sense door thought process Past Bhavanga - Vibrating Bhavanga - Arrest Bhavanga Sense door Adverting Eye / Ear / Nose / Tongue / Body Consciousness Receiving Consciousness – Investigating Consciousness Determining Consciousness Javana – Javana – Javana – Javana – Javana – Javana – Javana Registering Consciousness – Registering Consciousness PBVBAB5S Dr SRcInvDtJ1J2….J7R1R2

149 The Thought Process Thought process at death Last thought process before death First thought process in the new life PBVBAB5S Dr SRcInvDtJ1J2J3J4J5De RBB1B2B3B4B5…..B15B16

150 The Last Thought Moment Several views of the Last Thought Moment in the Sutta Pitaka : Dhammapada Verse 151 Majjhima Nikaya 136 Majjhima Nikaya 143 Samyutta Nikaya 55.21

151 The Last Thought Moment Several views of the Last Thought Moment in the Sutta Pitaka : Dhammapada Verse 151 Majjhima Nikaya 136 Majjhima Nikaya 143 Samyutta Nikaya 55.21

152 The Last Thought Moment Several views of the Last Thought Moment in the Sutta Pitaka : Dhammapada Verse 151 Majjhima Nikaya 136 Majjhima Nikaya 143 Samyutta Nikaya 55.21

153 The Last Thought Moment Several views of the Last Thought Moment in the Sutta Pitaka : Dhammapada Verse 151 Majjhima Nikaya 136 Majjhima Nikaya 143 Samyutta Nikaya 55.21

154 The Last Thought Moment Several views of the Last Thought Moment in the Sutta Pitaka : Dhammapada Verse 151 Majjhima Nikaya 136 Majjhima Nikaya 143 Samyutta Nikaya 55.21

155 The Last Thought Moment Dhammapada Verse 151 The much ornamented royal carriages do wear out; the body also grows old; But the Dhamma of the Wise does not decay. Thus, indeed, say the Wise among themselves.

156 The Last Thought Moment Dhammapada Verse 151 The much ornamented royal carriages do wear out; the body also grows old; But the Dhamma of the Wise does not decay. Thus, indeed, say the Wise among themselves.

157 The Last Thought Moment Dhammapada Verse 151 The much ornamented royal carriages do wear out; the body also grows old; But the Dhamma of the Wise does not decay. Thus, indeed, say the Wise among themselves.

158

159 The Last Thought Moment Dhammapada Verse 151 This Verse is usually cited to support the importance of the Last Thought Moment. It is also known as the Story of Queen Mallika who was a dedicated follower of the Buddha. She led a morally upright life and also supported the Sangha. Unfortunately, she one day lied to her husband, King Pasenadi of Kosala.

160 The Last Thought Moment Dhammapada Verse 151 This Verse is usually cited to support the importance of the Last Thought Moment. It is also known as the Story of Queen Mallika who was a dedicated follower of the Buddha. She led a morally upright life and also supported the Sangha. Unfortunately, she one day lied to her husband, King Pasenadi of Kosala.

161 The Last Thought Moment Dhammapada Verse 151 This Verse is usually cited to support the importance of the Last Thought Moment. It is also known as the Story of Queen Mallika who was a dedicated follower of the Buddha. She led a morally upright life and also supported the Sangha. Unfortunately, she one day lied to her husband, King Pasenadi of Kosala.

162 The Last Thought Moment Dhammapada Verse 151 On her death bed, she forgot about all her good deeds, but instead remembered only the incident when she told a lie. As a result was reborn in a hell realm and suffered there for 7 days. This story however, is only a Commentary by Buddhaghosa in the 4 th or 5 th century CE, giving a background to the Verse.

163 The Last Thought Moment Dhammapada Verse 151 On her death bed, she forgot about all her good deeds, but instead remembered only the incident when she told a lie. As a result was reborn in a hell realm and suffered there for 7 days. This story however, is only a Commentary by Buddhaghosa in the 4 th or 5 th century CE, giving a background to the Verse.

164 The Last Thought Moment Dhammapada Verse 151 On her death bed, she forgot about all her good deeds, but instead remembered only the incident when she told a lie. As a result was reborn in a hell realm and suffered there for 7 days. This story however, is only a Commentary by Buddhaghosa in the 4 th or 5 th century CE, giving a background to the Verse.

165 The Last Thought Moment Mahakammavibhanga Sutta Majjhima Nikaya 136 The Buddha commented on the following 4 kinds of people : 1. The evil-doer who goes to hell. 2. The evil-doer who goes to heaven. 3. The good man who goes to heaven. 4. The good man who goes to hell.

166 The Last Thought Moment Mahakammavibhanga Sutta Majjhima Nikaya 136 The Buddha commented on the following 4 kinds of people : 1. The evil-doer who goes to hell. 2. The evil-doer who goes to heaven. 3. The good man who goes to heaven. 4. The good man who goes to hell.

167 The Last Thought Moment Mahakammavibhanga Sutta Majjhima Nikaya 136 The Buddha commented on the following 4 kinds of people : 1. The evil-doer who goes to hell. 2. The evil-doer who goes to heaven. 3. The good man who goes to heaven. 4. The good man who goes to hell.

168 The Last Thought Moment Mahakammavibhanga Sutta Majjhima Nikaya 136 The Buddha commented on the following 4 kinds of people : 1. The evil-doer who goes to hell. 2. The evil-doer who goes to heaven. 3. The good man who goes to heaven. 4. The good man who goes to hell.

169 The Last Thought Moment Mahakammavibhanga Sutta Majjhima Nikaya 136 The Buddha commented on the following 4 kinds of people : 1. The evil-doer who goes to hell. 2. The evil-doer who goes to heaven. 3. The good man who goes to heaven. 4. The good man who goes to hell.

170 The Last Thought Moment Mahakammavibhanga Sutta Majjhima Nikaya 136 The Buddha commented on the following 4 kinds of people : 1. The evil-doer who goes to hell. 2. The evil-doer who goes to heaven. 3. The good man who goes to heaven. 4. The good man who goes to hell.

171 The Last Thought Moment Mahakammavibhanga Sutta Majjhima Nikaya 136 A person who had done wrong and held wrong views, will be reborn in a bad destination. The evil kamma was done earlier, or later, or wrong view was undertaken and completed by him at the time of his death.

172 The Last Thought Moment Mahakammavibhanga Sutta Majjhima Nikaya 136 A person who had done wrong and held wrong views, will be reborn in a bad destination. The evil kamma was done earlier, or later, or wrong view was undertaken and completed by him at the time of his death.

173 The Last Thought Moment Mahakammavibhanga Sutta Majjhima Nikaya 136 A person who had done wrong and held wrong views, will be reborn in a good destination. The good kamma was done earlier, or later, or right view was undertaken and completed by him at the time of his death.

174 The Last Thought Moment Mahakammavibhanga Sutta Majjhima Nikaya 136 A person who had done wrong and held wrong views, will be reborn in a good destination. The good kamma was done earlier, or later, or right view was undertaken and completed by him at the time of his death.

175 The Last Thought Moment Patthana explains that all phenomena arise in dependence on other phenomena, such that : No single cause can produce an effect. A cause does not produce only a single effect. Therefore, it is a collection of causes which produces a collection of effects.

176 The Last Thought Moment Patthana explains that all phenomena arise in dependence on other phenomena, such that : No single cause can produce an effect. A cause does not produce only a single effect. Therefore, it is a collection of causes which produces a collection of effects.

177 The Last Thought Moment Patthana explains that all phenomena arise in dependence on other phenomena, such that : No single cause can produce an effect. A cause does not produce only a single effect. Therefore, it is a collection of causes which produces a collection of effects.

178 The Last Thought Moment Patthana explains that all phenomena arise in dependence on other phenomena, such that : No single cause can produce an effect. A cause does not produce only a single effect. Therefore, it is a collection of causes which produces a collection of effects.

179 The Last Thought Moment Mahakammavibhanga Sutta Majjhima Nikaya 136 A person who had done good and held right views, will be reborn in a good destination. The good kamma was done earlier, or later, or right view was undertaken and completed by him at the time of his death.

180 The Last Thought Moment Mahakammavibhanga Sutta Majjhima Nikaya 136 A person who had done good and held right views, will be reborn in a good destination. The good kamma was done earlier, or later, or right view was undertaken and completed by him at the time of his death.

181 The Last Thought Moment Mahakammavibhanga Sutta Majjhima Nikaya 136 A person who had done good and held right views, will be reborn in a bad destination. The evil kamma was done earlier, or later, or wrong view was undertaken and completed by him at the time of his death.

182 The Last Thought Moment Mahakammavibhanga Sutta Majjhima Nikaya 136 A person who had done good and held right views, will be reborn in a bad destination. The evil kamma was done earlier, or later, or wrong view was undertaken and completed by him at the time of his death.

183 The Last Thought Moment Wrong view is one of the Ten Demeritorious Deeds. Right view is a factor of the Noble Eightfold Path. Wrong view will be of the type : “There is no kamma, no results of kamma. No evil, no results of evil, etc.” Right view will be of the type : “There is kamma, results of kamma. Evil, results of evil, etc.“

184 The Last Thought Moment Wrong view is one of the Ten Demeritorious Deeds. Right view is a factor of the Noble Eightfold Path. Wrong view will be of the type : “There is no kamma, no results of kamma. No evil, no results of evil, etc.” Right view will be of the type : “There is kamma, results of kamma. Evil, results of evil, etc.“

185 The Last Thought Moment Wrong view is one of the Ten Demeritorious Deeds. Right view is a factor of the Noble Eightfold Path. Wrong view will be of the type : “There is no kamma, no results of kamma. No evil, no results of evil, etc.” Right view will be of the type : “There is kamma, results of kamma. Evil, results of evil, etc.“

186 The Last Thought Moment Wrong view is one of the Ten Demeritorious Deeds. Right view is a factor of the Noble Eightfold Path. Wrong view will be of the type : “There is no kamma, no results of kamma. No evil, no results of evil, etc.” Right view will be of the type : “There is kamma, results of kamma. Evil, results of evil, etc.”

187 The Last Thought Moment Anathapindikovada Sutta Majjhima Nikaya 143 Ven. Sariputta visited Anathapindika on his deathbed and gave him a teaching. Train yourself : “I won't cling to the eye, nose, tongue, body, intellect… forms, consciousness, contact, feeling… this world, the next world…” No mention of the Last Thought Moment.

188 The Last Thought Moment Anathapindikovada Sutta Majjhima Nikaya 143 Ven. Sariputta visited Anathapindika on his deathbed and gave him a teaching. Train yourself : “I won't cling to the eye, nose, tongue, body, intellect… forms, consciousness, contact, feeling… this world, the next world…” No mention of the Last Thought Moment.

189 The Last Thought Moment Anathapindikovada Sutta Majjhima Nikaya 143 Ven. Sariputta visited Anathapindika on his deathbed and gave him a teaching. Train yourself : “I won't cling to the eye, nose, tongue, body, intellect… forms, consciousness, contact, feeling… this world, the next world…” No mention of the Last Thought Moment.

190 The Last Thought Moment Anathapindikovada Sutta Majjhima Nikaya 143 Ven. Sariputta visited Anathapindika on his deathbed and gave him a teaching. Train yourself : “I won't cling to the eye, nose, tongue, body, intellect… forms, consciousness, contact, feeling… this world, the next world…” No mention of the Last Thought Moment.

191 The Last Thought Moment Mahanama Sutta 1 Samyutta Nikaya Mahanama, a staunch follower of the Buddha, said that he was worried about his rebirth, should he suddenly meet with an accident and die. He asked the Buddha what would be his destination should he die with a muddled and confused state of mind, in such a situation.

192 The Last Thought Moment Mahanama Sutta 1 Samyutta Nikaya Mahanama, a staunch follower of the Buddha, said that he was worried about his rebirth, should he suddenly meet with an accident and die. He asked the Buddha what would be his destination should he die with a muddled and confused state of mind, in such a situation.

193 The Last Thought Moment Mahanama Sutta 1 Samyutta Nikaya Mahanama, a staunch follower of the Buddha, said that he was worried about his rebirth, should he suddenly meet with an accident and die. He asked the Buddha what would be his destination should he die with a muddled and confused state of mind, in such a situation.

194 The Last Thought Moment Mahanama Sutta 1 Samyutta Nikaya The Buddha told him not to worry because if a person has cultivated the following Five Qualities, then that person will go to a good destination. 1. Faith 2. Virtue 3. Learning 4. Generosity 5. Wisdom

195 The Last Thought Moment Mahanama Sutta 1 Samyutta Nikaya The Buddha told him not to worry because if a person has cultivated the following Five Qualities, then that person will go to a good destination. 1. Faith 2. Virtue 3. Learning 4. Generosity 5. Wisdom

196 The Last Thought Moment Mahanama Sutta 1 Samyutta Nikaya The Buddha told him not to worry because if a person has cultivated the following Five Qualities, then that person will go to a good destination. 1. Faith 2. Virtue 3. Learning 4. Generosity 5. Wisdom

197 The Last Thought Moment Mahanama Sutta 1 Samyutta Nikaya The Buddha told him not to worry because if a person has cultivated the following Five Qualities, then that person will go to a good destination. 1. Faith 2. Virtue 3. Learning 4. Generosity 5. Wisdom

198 The Last Thought Moment Mahanama Sutta 1 Samyutta Nikaya The Buddha told him not to worry because if a person has cultivated the following Five Qualities, then that person will go to a good destination. 1. Faith 2. Virtue 3. Learning 4. Generosity 5. Wisdom

199 The Last Thought Moment Mahanama Sutta 1 Samyutta Nikaya The Buddha told him not to worry because if a person has cultivated the following Five Qualities, then that person will go to a good destination. 1. Faith 2. Virtue 3. Learning 4. Generosity 5. Wisdom

200 The Last Thought Moment Mahanama Sutta 1 Samyutta Nikaya The Buddha then gave the example of a pot of ghee submerged in water, then broken up. The fragments will sink but the ghee will rise. Similarly, a person who has cultivated the above Five Qualities will be reborn in a good destination.

201 The Last Thought Moment Mahanama Sutta 1 Samyutta Nikaya The Buddha then gave the example of a pot of ghee submerged in water, then broken up. The fragments will sink but the ghee will rise. Similarly, a person who has cultivated the above Five Qualities will be reborn in a good destination.

202 The Last Thought Moment Important or not? The critical importance of the Last Thought Moment as the sole determinant of the next rebirth, appears to be unknown in the teachings of early Buddhism.

203 The Last Thought Moment Important or not? The critical importance of the Last Thought Moment as the sole determinant of the next rebirth, appears to be unknown in the teachings of early Buddhism.

204 The Last Thought Moment A Guide to Buddhism A – Z Ven. S. Dhammika “…the theory developed that the last thought moment a person has before they die will determine their next life. This idea, now current in Theravāda, seems to be an unjustified development of the Buddha’s teachings and at odds with his idea of kamma and the efficacy of morality.”

205 The Last Thought Moment A Guide to Buddhism A – Z Ven. S. Dhammika “…the theory developed that the last thought moment a person has before they die will determine their next life. This idea, now current in Theravāda, seems to be an unjustified development of the Buddha’s teachings and at odds with his idea of kamma and the efficacy of morality.”

206 The Last Thought Moment A Guide to Buddhism A – Z Ven. S. Dhammika “…the theory developed that the last thought moment a person has before they die will determine their next life. This idea, now current in Theravāda, seems to be an unjustified development of the Buddha’s teachings and at odds with his idea of kamma and the efficacy of morality.”

207 The Last Thought Moment “This theory is not mentioned in any of the Buddha’s discourses or even in the later Abhidhamma Pitaka. The Tipitaka records many occasions where the Buddha counselled people who were either dying or critically ill. If the last thought is really crucial to one’s destiny, one would expect such occasions for him to mention it, and yet he never did.”

208 The Last Thought Moment “This theory is not mentioned in any of the Buddha’s discourses or even in the later Abhidhamma Pitaka. The Tipitaka records many occasions where the Buddha counselled people who were either dying or critically ill. If the last thought is really crucial to one’s destiny, one would expect such occasions for him to mention it, and yet he never did.”

209 The Last Thought Moment “This theory is not mentioned in any of the Buddha’s discourses or even in the later Abhidhamma Pitaka. The Tipitaka records many occasions where the Buddha counselled people who were either dying or critically ill. If the last thought is really crucial to one’s destiny, one would expect such occasions for him to mention it, and yet he never did.”

210 The Last Thought Moment Important or not? Far more important is our overall cultivation and consistent practice : Faith / Conviction Virtue / Morality Learning / Effort Generosity / Compassion Wisdom / Mental Cultivation

211 The Last Thought Moment Important or not? Far more important is our overall cultivation and consistent practice : Faith / Conviction Virtue / Morality Learning / Effort Generosity / Compassion Wisdom / Mental Cultivation

212 The Last Thought Moment Important or not? Far more important is our overall cultivation and consistent practice : Faith / Conviction Virtue / Morality Learning / Effort Generosity / Compassion Wisdom / Mental Cultivation

213 The Last Thought Moment Important or not? Far more important is our overall cultivation and consistent practice : Faith / Conviction Virtue / Morality Learning / Effort Generosity / Compassion Wisdom / Mental Cultivation

214 The Last Thought Moment Important or not? Far more important is our overall cultivation and consistent practice : Faith / Conviction Virtue / Morality Learning / Effort Generosity / Compassion Wisdom / Mental Cultivation

215 The Last Thought Moment Important or not? Far more important is our overall cultivation and consistent practice : Faith / Conviction Virtue / Morality Learning / Effort Generosity / Compassion Wisdom / Mental Cultivation

216 The Abhidhamma Although the Abhidhamma is not directly the words of the Buddha, most of its important elements can be traced to His teachings. Therefore, if placed in the proper context, we should learn the Abhidhamma to broaden our knowledge and acquire different perspectives of the Buddha’s teachings.

217 The Abhidhamma Although the Abhidhamma is not directly the words of the Buddha, most of its important elements can be traced to His teachings. Therefore, if placed in the proper context, we should learn the Abhidhamma to broaden our knowledge and acquire different perspectives of the Buddha’s teachings.

218 Prepared by T Y Lee


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