Presentation is loading. Please wait.

Presentation is loading. Please wait.

Role of Air-Sea Interaction on the Predictability of Tropical Intraseasonal Oscillation (TISO) Xiouhua Fu International Pacific Research Center (IPRC)

Similar presentations


Presentation on theme: "Role of Air-Sea Interaction on the Predictability of Tropical Intraseasonal Oscillation (TISO) Xiouhua Fu International Pacific Research Center (IPRC)"— Presentation transcript:

1 Role of Air-Sea Interaction on the Predictability of Tropical Intraseasonal Oscillation (TISO) Xiouhua Fu International Pacific Research Center (IPRC) SOEST, University of Hawaii (UH) at Manoa Honolulu, Hawaii

2 OUTLINE  Motivation  Review of Previous Studies  Air-Sea Coupling on TISO Predictability  Best Lower Boundary Condition for TISO Predictability  Summary

3 Intra-Seasonal Oscillation WCRP-COPES ( )

4 Review of Previous Studies on the Predictability of Tropical Intraseasonal Oscillation (TISO)

5 Potential Predictability: The extent to which prediction is possible if “an optimum procedure” is used. Perfect model assumption and subject to initial condition errors Practical Predictability: The extent to which we ourselves are able to predict by the “best-known procedures”. Subject to both model errors and initial condition errors Adopted from E. N. Lorenz, 2006: Predictability - a problem partly solved. Chapter 3 in “Predictability of Weather and Climate”, Cambridge University Press, 702pp. Definition of Predictability

6 Two Methods to Measure the Predictability Ratio of Signal- to- Forecast Error Anomaly Correlation Coefficient (ACC) Lead Time

7 (Signal) L=25 days (Forecast Error) Control runPerturbed Forecasts Ratio of Signal-to-Forecast Error Waliser et al. (2003)

8 Goswami and Xavier (2003) Estimate of TISO Predictability from Observations Signal vs. Error Wet Dry Signals Wet-to-Dry Error Dry-to-Wet Error (Days) (70-90E,15-25E) X X X X The Dry phase Is more predictable than the Wet phase XX

9 Dry Wet Strong Convective Instability Large-scale Subsidence Slow Error GrowthFast Error Growth Two Different Error-Growth Regimes

10 Waliser et al. (2003) Domain: (12 o N-16 o N, o E o E): SCS Potential Predictability of TISO Rainfall in NASA GLA AGCM Signal Forecast error variance

11 Potential Predictability of TISO VP200 and Rainfall in NCEP Seasonal Forecasting Model (ACC) Perfect Initial/Boundary Conditions Perfect Initial Conditions Perfect Boundary Conditions Reichler and Roads (2005)

12 Practical Predictability of TISO U200 in NCEP Seasonal Forecasting Model Winter Summer ( 7 days) Seo et al. (2005)

13 UH Hybrid coupled GCM (UH_HcGCM)  Atmospheric component: ECHAM-4 T30L19 AGCM (Roeckner et al. 1996)  Ocean component: Wang-Li-Fu intermediate upper ocean model (0.5 o x0.5 o ) (Wang et al. 1995; Fu and Wang 2001)  Wang, Li, and Chang (1995): upper-ocean thermodynamics  McCreary and Yu (1992): upper-ocean dynamics  Jin (1997) : mean and ENSO (intermediate fully coupled model)  Zebiak and Cane (1987): ENSO (intermediate anomaly coupled model)  Fully coupling without heat flux correction  Coupling region: Tropical Indian and Pacific Oceans (30 o S-30 o N)  Coupling interval: Once per day

14 Role of Air-Sea Coupling on TISO Predictability Fu et al. 2007, JAS

15 Experimental Design  20 TISO events in 15-year coupled control run  4 phases for each TISO event  “Twin” perturbed experiments starting from each phase (Lorenz 1963; Waliser et al. 2003)  For both the atmosphere-ocean coupled model and atmosphere-only model, each with 160 forecasts Methods to Measure ISO Predictability  Signal-to-forecast error ratio  ACC

16 Filtered Rainfall over (5 o S-5 o N, 80 o E–100 o E) Phase 1 Phase 2 Phase 3 Phase 4

17 Spatial-temporal Evolutions of Signal vs. Forecast Error

18 Predictability of TISO Rainfall in the Eastern Indian Ocean

19 SignalCPL Forecast Error ATM Forecast Error Air-Sea Coupling Extends the Predictability of Tropical Intraseasonal Oscillation [ATM: 17 days; CPL: 24 days] Fu et al. (2007)

20 ACC between Target Fields and Forecasts Target Forecast

21 ACC over (10 o S-30 o N, 60 o E-160 o E)

22 Predictability of TISO Rainfall in Days

23 Coupled Forecasts Atmosphere-only Forecasts Break phase Active phase TISO Predictability is Phase-dependent

24 Summary I  The predictability of TISO-related rainfall in UH hybrid coupled GCM reaches about 24 days averaged over the Asian- western Pacific region (10 o S-30 o N, 60 o E-160 o E) when measured with the signal-to-error ratio. The averaged predictability in the atmosphere-only model is about 17 days. This result suggests that air-sea coupling is able to extend the predictability of the TISO by about a week.  The break phase of TISO is more predictable than the active phase.

25 Best Lower Boundary Condition for TISO Predictability Fu et al MWR, in press

26  What are the best SST configurations (e.g., tier- one vs. tier-two) for TISO hindcasts and forecasts? Could air-sea coupling extend the weather predictability?

27 Experimental Design  2 TISO events in a coupled control run  4 phases for each TISO event  10 ensemble forecasts starting from each phase of selected events under 5 different SST settings Data Processing  TISO: day filtered daily rainfall  Weather: unfiltered daily rainfall Method to Measure TISO Predictability  Signal-to-forecast error ratio  ACC

28 Ensemble Experiments With Five Different SST Configurations Experiment Name SSTs Used in 90-day Forecasts CPL Forecasted directly by interactive air-sea coupling (tier-one) ATM Daily SST from the coupled control run after removing day variability ( “smoothed” SST) ATMp Daily SST from the coupled control run is linearly interpolated to the “smoothed” SST within first 10-day forecast (damped persistent SST) ATMf Daily SST anomaly from a coupled slab mixed-layer ocean (ML depth = 30 m) is added to the “smoothed” SST ATMd Ensemble-mean daily SST from the CPL forecasts (tier-two)

29 Filtered rainfall over (80 o E–100 o E, 5 o S-5 o N) Phase 1 Phase 2 Phase 3 Phase 4

30 Rainfall averaged over (65 o E-120 o E) Control cases Coupled forecasts (CPL) Atmosphere-only forecasts (ATM) Ten-ensemble-mean Event-IEvent-II

31 Ensemble Rainfall Evolutions of CPL and ATM Forecasts for Event-II

32 SSTs in Five Experiments Control Coupled/Daily Mixed-layer Damped persistent “Smoothed”

33 TISO predictability measured by signal-to-error ratio ATM/ATMp: 24 daysCPL/ATMd: 34 days Signal ATM Forecast Error CPL Forecast Error Individual ensembles

34 ATM/ATMp:21 daysCPL/ATMd: 30 days Individual ensembles ACC TISO predictability measured by ACC

35 Ensemble means ATM/ATMp: 30 daysCPL/ATMd: 42 days ACC TISO predictability measured by ACC

36 Coupling also extends the predictability of weather ATM/(Negative): 8 days CPL/(Positive): 16 days ATM Forecast Error CPL Forecast Error Signal (During break-to-active transition)

37 Summary II  The TISO predictability in UH_HcGCM reaches about 30 days averaged over the Southeast Asia. The predictability in the stand-alone atmospheric model is about 20 days. Interactive air-sea coupling extends the TISO predictability by about 10 days. During break-to -active transition, coupling also significantly extends weather predictability.  Tier-two system could reach similar TISO predictability as tier-one system, suggesting that using observed high-frequency SST for TISO hindcasts and using interactive air-sea coupling and forecasted daily SST for real-time forecasts are good options.

38 An Example of MJO Forecast

39 An Example of Boreal-Summer TISO Forecast

40 Thanks

41 Why does the daily SST-forced atmospheric forecasts (ATMd, tier-two) have similar predictability with the coupled forecasts (CPL, tier-one)?

42 Air-sea coupling maintains correct phase relationship between ISO rainfall and underlying SST Fu et al. (2003), Fu and Wang (2004)

43 Evolutions of SST and Rainfall Anomalies in the CPL and ATM Forecasts

44 Phase relationship between SST and rainfall in three different forecasts (Coupled; Daily-forced; and Daily-forced with different initial conditions) Reconcile with Previous Findings

45 Event-IEvent-II Mean Vertical Shear in First-month Forecasts of CPL and ATM Control (Solid), CPL (Long-dash), ATM (Dotted)


Download ppt "Role of Air-Sea Interaction on the Predictability of Tropical Intraseasonal Oscillation (TISO) Xiouhua Fu International Pacific Research Center (IPRC)"

Similar presentations


Ads by Google