Presentation on theme: "WHY WERE POLITICAL PARTIES FORMED IN THE NEW NATION AND WHAT WERE THE MAJOR DIFFERENCES AMONG POLITICAL PARTIES IN THE YEARS 1791-1820?"— Presentation transcript:
WHY WERE POLITICAL PARTIES FORMED IN THE NEW NATION AND WHAT WERE THE MAJOR DIFFERENCES AMONG POLITICAL PARTIES IN THE YEARS 1791-1820?
BY: MICHAEL NOTEBOOM AND BENNETT HUDDLESTON
POLITICAL PARTIES IN THE NEW NATION WERE FORMED AS A RESULT OF MAJOR DIFFERENCES IN OPINION, DIFFERENT POLITICAL IDEALS, SECTIONALISM, AND DIFFERENT CONSTITUTION INTERPRETATIONS BETWEEN THE POLITICAL PARTIES THAT WERE PRESENT IN THE YEARS BETWEEN 1791-1820.
ISSUES Jefferson: envisioned the US continuing as an agrarian society Hamilton: foresaw the US becoming more urban and reliant on big business Disputes over interpretation of the Constitution, with the D-R's granting the federal government what powers were explicitly stated in the Constitution The Federalists believed that there were implied powers and a looser interpretation. Sectionalism- loyalty to the interests of one's own region or section of the country, rather than to the country as a whole
FORMING OF PARTIES -PARTIES IN THE US TENDED TO EVOLVE SLOWLY OVER TIME -NEITHER OF THE FIRST TWO PRESIDENTS CONSIDERED THEMSELVES TO BE MEMBERS OF ANY PARTY, BUT BOTH OF THEIR POLICIES FAVORED THE FEDERALISTS -EARLY ON, PARTIES WERE CONDEMNED BY MOST LEADERS AS THE CAUSE OF MANY PROBLEMS -OVER THE FIRST COUPLE OF DECADES, POLITICIANS FORMED TOGETHER TO WORK ON ISSUES IN GOVERNMENT -OVER TIME, THESE FORMED INTO PARTIES. -THE FIRST TWO PARTIES WERE THE DEMOCRATIC REPUBLICANS AND THE FEDERALISTS
FEDERALISTS -FEDERALISTS TENDED TO SUPPORT A MORE ACTIVE FEDERAL GOVERNMENT -THEY WERE MORE FOCUSED ON DEVELOPING TRADE AND INDUSTRIESTHEY GENERALLY LIKED A LARGER NAVY TO PROTECT MERCHANT VESSELS AND DEVELOPING A BANKING AND TRADE SYSTEMS TO IMPROVE BUSINESSES -THEY ALSO FAVORED CLOSER RELATIONS WITH BRITAIN -THEY DID NOT TRUST FRANCE AFTER THE HORRORS THAT ACCOMPANIED THE FRENCH REVOLUTION AND SAW BRITAIN AS A NATURAL ALLY WITH A SHARED CULTURE -THIS PARTY TENDED TO DO BEST IN THE MID- ATLANTIC AND NEW ENGLAND REGIONS
DEMOCRATIC REPUBLICANS -DEMOCRATIC REPUBLICANS GENERALLY SUPPORTED A SMALL FEDERAL GOVERNMENT THAT WAS VERY LIMITED IN POWER -THEY WANTED A VERY LIMITED MILITARY AND WERE MOSTLY FOCUSED ON MAINTAINING AN AGRARIAN SOCIETY -THEY ALSO FAVORED CLOSER RELATIONS WITH FRANCE, WHO WAS THE CLOSEST U.S. ALLY IN THE REVOLUTION -THIS PARTY TENDED TO DO BEST IN THE SOUTH AND WEST
IN CONCLUSION... In conclusion, without these political parties that George Washington advised us to stay away from, many people would be disappointed with the government. People with different opinions would not be happy with a person leading who has opposite views. We must still believe that even without political parties, politicians would still group themselves into conservatives, liberals, and moderates.