3POLITICAL PARTIES IN THE NEW NATION WERE FORMED AS A RESULT OF MAJOR DIFFERENCES IN OPINION, DIFFERENT POLITICAL IDEALS, SECTIONALISM, AND DIFFERENT CONSTITUTION INTERPRETATIONS BETWEEN THE POLITICAL PARTIES THAT WERE PRESENT IN THE YEARS BETWEEN
4ISSUES Jefferson: envisioned the US continuing as an agrarian society Hamilton: foresaw the US becoming more urban and reliant on big businessDisputes over interpretation of the Constitution, with the D-R's granting the federal government what powers were explicitly stated in the ConstitutionThe Federalists believed that there were implied powers and a looser interpretation.Sectionalism- loyalty to the interests of one's own region or section of the country, rather than to the country as a whole
5FORMING OF PARTIES-PARTIES IN THE US TENDED TO EVOLVE SLOWLY OVER TIME-NEITHER OF THE FIRST TWO PRESIDENTS CONSIDERED THEMSELVES TO BE MEMBERS OF ANY PARTY, BUT BOTH OF THEIR POLICIES FAVORED THE FEDERALISTS-EARLY ON, PARTIES WERE CONDEMNED BY MOST LEADERS AS THE CAUSE OF MANY PROBLEMS-OVER THE FIRST COUPLE OF DECADES, POLITICIANS FORMED TOGETHER TO WORK ON ISSUES IN GOVERNMENT-OVER TIME, THESE FORMED INTO PARTIES. -THE FIRST TWO PARTIES WERE THE DEMOCRATIC REPUBLICANS AND THE FEDERALISTS
6FEDERALISTS-FEDERALISTS TENDED TO SUPPORT A MORE ACTIVE FEDERAL GOVERNMENT-THEY WERE MORE FOCUSED ON DEVELOPING TRADE AND INDUSTRIESTHEY GENERALLY LIKED A LARGER NAVY TO PROTECT MERCHANT VESSELS AND DEVELOPING A BANKING AND TRADE SYSTEMS TO IMPROVE BUSINESSES-THEY ALSO FAVORED CLOSER RELATIONS WITH BRITAIN-THEY DID NOT TRUST FRANCE AFTER THE HORRORS THAT ACCOMPANIED THE FRENCH REVOLUTION AND SAW BRITAIN AS A NATURAL ALLY WITH A SHARED CULTURE-THIS PARTY TENDED TO DO BEST IN THE MID-ATLANTIC AND NEW ENGLAND REGIONS
7DEMOCRATIC REPUBLICANS -DEMOCRATIC REPUBLICANS GENERALLY SUPPORTED A SMALL FEDERAL GOVERNMENT THAT WAS VERY LIMITED IN POWER-THEY WANTED A VERY LIMITED MILITARY AND WERE MOSTLY FOCUSED ON MAINTAINING AN AGRARIAN SOCIETY-THEY ALSO FAVORED CLOSER RELATIONS WITH FRANCE, WHO WAS THE CLOSEST U.S. ALLY IN THE REVOLUTION -THIS PARTY TENDED TO DO BEST IN THE SOUTH AND WEST
8IN CONCLUSION . . .In conclusion, without these political parties that George Washington advised us to stay away from, many people would be disappointed with the government. People with different opinions would not be happy with a person leading who has opposite views. We must still believe that even without political parties, politicians would still group themselves into conservatives, liberals, and moderates.