2 TODAL is an Acronym ASAP An acronym is a “word” formed from the beginning letter of each word of a list or phrase that you want to shorten or remember.soonASAPsossible
3 TODAL itle rientation ate uthor egend The acronym TODAL helps us learn and remember the required elements of each map.itleIt is a memory aid—TODAL helps us remember what parts we MUST have on every map we make.rientationTODALateuthoregend
4 TTitle=The title of the map is a label that tells what the map shows.For example: Physical Map of South America
5 OOrientation=This is the compass rose on your map, indicating north, south, east & west.
6 For example: September 15, 2008 DDate=This tells when the map was made. This should be the date on which you created your map.For example: September 15, 2008
7 For example: Joshua Smith Author=This is the person who made the map. You must include your name on the maps you create.For example: Joshua Smith
8 LLegend=The legend, or key, shows what the symbols, lines or colors on the map represent.For example:
9 Find title Find legend Title Legend Find orientation Orientation Australia and Its NeighborsLegendFind orientationOrientation
10 TODALSIGSMany maps have 4 more elements in addition to TODAL. The “SIGS” in TODALSIGS represent:calendexSIGSridource
11 Scale shows the size relationship between your map and the real world. =Scale shows the size relationship between your map and the real world.
13 IIndex=This is an alphabetical listing of places (such as cities) with the latitude & longitude of each place.
14 GGrid=A grid is a set of intersecting lines that are the lines of latitude & longitude on your map.
15 Lines of Longitude The LONG lines. They run from the North Pole to the South Pole.The LONG lines.Prime MeridianThe Prime Meridian is a line of longitude
16 Lines of Latitude The FLAT lines. They run parallel to the Equator. The Equator is the line of latitude that is halfway between the North Pole and the South Pole.
17 SSource=The source tells you the place where the map maker found the information on the mapExample:United States National Renewable Energy Laboratory
18 Find the SourceUnited States National Renewable Energy Laboratory
19 What map elements do you see? TitleOrientationDateLegendScaleGrid2001
20 LABELING YOUR MAP Use ALL CAPITAL letters for the following labels: CONTINENTS (ex: AFRICA)COUNTRIES (ex: FRANCE)STATES (ex: TEXAS)OCEANS (ex: ATLANTIC OCEAN)Use black ink to label your map.
21 More on Labeling Your Map All labels should be printedNothorizontallyNotslantedvertically
22 EXCEPT:riversmountainsAnd other bodies of water
23 AbbreviationsThe ONLY abbreviations which may be used on your map are:Mt. for Mount (ex: Mt. Kilimanjaro)Mts. For Mountains (ex: Rocky Mts.)R. for River (ex: Mississippi R.)
24 Use only map colors (no crayons or markers!) for coloring. Rules About ColoringUse only map colors (no crayons or markers!) for coloring.Use blue for bodies of water only.Try to color in one direction.