Presentation on theme: "TODAL. TODAL is an Acronym An acronym is a “word” formed from the beginning letter of each word of a list or phrase that you want to shorten or remember."— Presentation transcript:
TODAL is an Acronym An acronym is a “word” formed from the beginning letter of each word of a list or phrase that you want to shorten or remember. s oon s ossible
The acronym TODAL helps us learn and remember the required elements of each map. itle rientation ate uthor egend It is a memory aid—TODAL helps us remember what parts we MUST have on every map we make.
The title of the map is a label that tells what the map shows. For example: Physical Map of South America
This is the compass rose on your map, indicating north, south, east & west.
This tells when the map was made. This should be the date on which you created your map. For example: September 15, 2008
This is the person who made the map. You must include your name on the maps you create. For example: Joshua Smith
The legend, or key, shows what the symbols, lines or colors on the map represent. For example:
Australia and Its Neighbors Find title Title Orientation Legend Find legend Find orientation
TODALSIGS Many maps have 4 more elements in addition to TODAL. The “SIGS” in TODALSIGS represent : cale ndex rid ource
Scale shows the size relationship between your map and the real world.
Find the scale:
This is an alphabetical listing of places (such as cities) with the latitude & longitude of each place.
A grid is a set of intersecting lines that are the lines of latitude & longitude on your map.
Lines of Longitude The LONG lines. They run from the North Pole to the South Pole. The Prime Meridian is a line of longitude
Lines of Latitude The FLAT lines. They run parallel to the Equator. The Equator is the line of latitude that is halfway between the North Pole and the South Pole.
The source tells you the place where the map maker found the information on the map Example: United States National Renewable Energy Laboratory
United States National Renewable Energy Laboratory http://rredc.nrel.gov/wind/pubs/atlas/maps/chap2/2-01m.html Find the Source
What map elements do you see? Title Orientation 2001 Date Legend Scale Grid
LABELING YOUR MAP Use ALL CAPITAL letters for the following labels: CONTINENTS (ex: AFRICA) COUNTRIES (ex: FRANCE) STATES (ex: TEXAS) OCEANS (ex: ATLANTIC OCEAN) Use black ink to label your map.
More on Labeling Your Map All labels should be printed Not
EXCEPT: And other bodies of water
Abbreviations The ONLY abbreviations which may be used on your map are: Mt. for Mount (ex: Mt. Kilimanjaro) Mts. For Mountains (ex: Rocky Mts.) R. for River (ex: Mississippi R.)
Use only map colors (no crayons or markers!) for coloring. Try to color in one direction. Use blue for bodies of water only.