# TODAL.

## Presentation on theme: "TODAL."— Presentation transcript:

TODAL

TODAL is an Acronym ASAP
An acronym is a “word” formed from the beginning letter of each word of a list or phrase that you want to shorten or remember. s oon ASAP s ossible

TODAL itle rientation ate uthor egend
The acronym TODAL helps us learn and remember the required elements of each map. itle It is a memory aid—TODAL helps us remember what parts we MUST have on every map we make. rientation TODAL ate uthor egend

T Title = The title of the map is a label that tells what the map shows. For example: Physical Map of South America

O Orientation = This is the compass rose on your map, indicating north, south, east & west.

For example: September 15, 2008
D Date = This tells when the map was made. This should be the date on which you created your map. For example: September 15, 2008

For example: Joshua Smith
Author = This is the person who made the map. You must include your name on the maps you create. For example: Joshua Smith

L Legend = The legend, or key, shows what the symbols, lines or colors on the map represent. For example:

Find title Find legend Title Legend Find orientation Orientation
Australia and Its Neighbors Legend Find orientation Orientation

TODALSIGS Many maps have 4 more elements in addition to TODAL. The “SIGS” in TODALSIGS represent: cale ndex SIGS rid ource

Scale shows the size relationship between your map and the real world.
= Scale shows the size relationship between your map and the real world.

Find the scale:

I Index = This is an alphabetical listing of places (such as cities) with the latitude & longitude of each place.

G Grid = A grid is a set of intersecting lines that are the lines of latitude & longitude on your map.

Lines of Longitude The LONG lines.
They run from the North Pole to the South Pole. The LONG lines. Prime Meridian The Prime Meridian is a line of longitude

Lines of Latitude The FLAT lines. They run parallel to the Equator.
The Equator is the line of latitude that is halfway between the North Pole and the South Pole.

S Source = The source tells you the place where the map maker found the information on the map Example: United States National Renewable Energy Laboratory

Find the Source United States National Renewable Energy Laboratory

What map elements do you see?
Title Orientation Date Legend Scale Grid 2001

LABELING YOUR MAP Use ALL CAPITAL letters for the following labels:
CONTINENTS (ex: AFRICA) COUNTRIES (ex: FRANCE) STATES (ex: TEXAS) OCEANS (ex: ATLANTIC OCEAN) Use black ink to label your map.

All labels should be printed Not horizontally Not slanted vertically

EXCEPT: rivers mountains And other bodies of water

Abbreviations The ONLY abbreviations which may be used on your map are: Mt. for Mount (ex: Mt. Kilimanjaro) Mts. For Mountains (ex: Rocky Mts.) R. for River (ex: Mississippi R.)

Use only map colors (no crayons or markers!) for coloring.
Rules About Coloring Use only map colors (no crayons or markers!) for coloring. Use blue for bodies of water only. Try to color in one direction.