RESEARCH ON THE SYLLABUS (AND PRACTICAL PPLICATIONS!)
Doolittle, P. E., & Siudzinski, R. A. (2010). Recommended syllabus components: What do higher education faculty include in their syllabi?. Journal On Excellence In College Teaching, 21(3), 29-61. Retrieved from Academic Search Premiere. WHAT’S IN A SYLLABUS?
What’s Important on a Syllabus? Doolittle & Siudzinski, 2010
Next Steps Themes from 24 Components Reviewed 1000 Syllabi (Google) Doolittle & Siudzinski, 2010
Prediction Time… What percentage of faculty included: Late/Missed work policies Disability statements Information about supports available?
What do faculty include? Doolittle & Siudzinski, 2010
Perrine, R. M., Lisle, J., & Tucker, D. L. (1995). Effects of a syllabus offer of help, student age, and class size on college students' willingness to seek support from faculty. Journal of Experimental Education, 64(1), 41-52. REACHING OUT FOR SUPPORT
The Study Seek help from instructor? Perrine, Lisle, & Tucker, 1995
Results- Willingness to Seek Help Potential ProblemSupportiveNeutral Trouble understanding textbook4.73.7 Low grade on first exam4.84.0 Hard to hear instructor's lectures4.43.8 Study skills ineffective for course4.73.6 Thinking about dropping course4.93.8 Trouble understanding major topic5.34.2 All significantly different! Perrine, Lisle, & Tucker, 1995
Application Explicitly communicate your interest and willingness to work with students outside of class Provide specific information about supportive services (counseling, tutoring, etc.) on campus
Saville, B. K., Zinn, T. E., Brown, A. R., & Marchuk, K. A. (2010). Syllabus detail and students' perceptions of teacher effectiveness. Teaching Of Psychology, 37(3), 186-189. doi:10.1080/00986283.2010.488523 SYLLABUS DETAIL
The Study Survey on Teacher Behaviors Saville, Zinn, Brown, & Marchuk, 2010
The Syllabus Brief Version- 2 pages Instructor name/contact information Course objectives Textbook Brief Overview of Assignments (ex. 6 exams) Grading distribution Brief overview of policies Calendar with due dates Detailed Version- 6 pages Same information with more detail 6 exams consisting of multiple choice and short answer questions Calendar included chapters that would be covered
More Results Saville, Zinn, Brown, & Marchuk, 2010
Application Add specific information – especially about course schedule and assignments (i.e. rubrics) All essential information is in one place Sends positive message about instructor, setting a positive tone for course Visual images, charts or tools- longer syllabus but perhaps better!
Grigorovici, D., Nam, S., & Russill, C. (2003). The Effects of Online Syllabus Interactivity on Students' Perception of the Course and Instructor. Internet And Higher Education, 6(1), 41-52. Retrieved from ERIC. ON-LINE SYLLABUS
The Study Student Perception of Instructor Grigorovici, Nam, & Russill, 2003
Application Slow down…. Use caution when considering hyperlinks Easy access Visual organization
Smith, M. F., & Razzouk, N. Y. (1993). Improving classroom communication: The case of the course syllabus. Journal of Education for Business, 68(4), 215-222. Retrieved from Academic Search Premiere. STUDENT USE AND RECALL
The Study Completed Questionnaire On Syllabus Content and Use Surveyed at 3 weeks or 7 weeks Smith & Razzouk, 1993
Prediction Time! What percentage of students report using their syllabus at least once per week?
The Results! Syllabus UsageFrequency Every day20% Once a week57% Smith & Razzouk, 1993
The Results! Syllabus RecallPercent Correct Course title, instructor name, credits, textbook 95-100% Project purpose, course code, number of exams 85-90% Topic for day, instructor office information, textbook author 8-48% Smith & Razzouk, 1993
The Results! Course ObjectivesPercent Recalled One objective60% Two objectives8% More than 2 objectives3% No objectivesAlmost 30% Smith & Razzouk, 1993
Applications of Research First Day of Class Avoid Cognitive Overload- No Need to “Cover” Entire Syllabus How can you draw attention to what’s most important (i.e. learning outcomes)?
Processing Time… Do you bring attention to the course learning outcomes? How might you bring even more attention to important parts of your syllabus?
What’s the Syllabus Say About the Professor and the Course?
Harnish, R. J., & Bridges, K. (2011). Effect of Syllabus Tone: Students' Perceptions of Instructor and Course. Social Psychology Of Education: An International Journal, 14(3), 319-330. Retrieved from ERIC. SYLLABUS TONE
The Study Students thought they were evaluating an adjunct. Harnish & Bridges, 2011
Examples from Syllabus Unfriendly If you need to contact me outside of office hours, you may e-mail me…. Come prepared to actively participate in this course. This is the best way to engage you in learning…. Friendly I welcome you to contact me outside of class and student hours. You may e-mail me…. I hope you actively participate in this course. I say this because I found it is the best way to engage you in learning…. Directly quoted from Harnish and Bridges (2011)
The Results! TopicFriendly Average Unfriendly Average Approachability4.073.77 Faculty Level of Motivation to Teach 3.63.07 Difficulty3.343.72 Harnish & Bridges, 2011
Application Syllabus is often first impression- especially if given out electronically before class Use Positive Language and Tone Use “you” instead of “students” Simple changes = powerful attitudinal shifts
How Should Faculty Address the Syllabus in Class?
Get Students Involved with Syllabus Syllabus Quiz Interact with syllabus every class- student or faculty reviews plan for the day
Raymark, P. H., & Connor-Greene, P. A. (2002). The Syllabus Quiz. Teaching Of Psychology, 29(4), 286-288. SYLLABUS QUIZ
The Study 21 Question True/False Test on Syllabus Week 2 Raymark & Connor-Greene, 2002
The Results! Performance Raymark & Connor-Greene, 2002
Ongoing Interactions with the Syllabus are Needed
Syllabus Checklist Are core components included? Course Information Name/Number, Description, Purpose, Learning Outcomes, Content Areas, Location/Times/Days, Textbooks, Supplemental Readings, Calendar, Due Dates Instructor and Campus Support Information Name, Office Location/Hours, Phone, E-mail Address, Welcome Statement/Teaching Philosophy, Campus Resources Available Assignments and Grading Information Grading Policy, Scale, Assignment Names/Descriptions, Grading Details/Rubrics, Course Outline with Due Dates and Learning Activities Policy Information Late/Missed Work Policy, Attendance Policy, Academic Conduct Policy, Disability Policy
Syllabus Checklist Continued Organization and Clarity of Information Is it well-organized and easy to follow? Were there enough details provided? Can you easily see what is expected of you? Were visual tools such as charts used to organize the information and clearly communicate information?
Syllabus Checklist Continued Initial Reaction to Syllabus and Professor How would you describe this course to someone? How would you describe the professor based on this syllabus? Would you be likely to register for this course or take this professor? Would you be likely to suggest that a friend take this course or take this professor? What did you like the most about the syllabus? What suggestions do you have to make the syllabus better?
References Doolittle, P. E., & Siudzinski, R. A. (2010). Recommended syllabus components: What do higher education faculty include in their syllabi?. Journal on Excellence In College Teaching, 21(3), 29-61. Retrieved from Academic Search Premiere. Grunert O’Brien, J., Millis, B. J., & Cohen, M. W. (2008). The Course Syllabus: A Learning-Centered Approach. San Francisco: Jossey Bass. Harnish, R. J., & Bridges, K. (2011). Effect of Syllabus Tone: Students' Perceptions of Instructor and Course. Social Psychology of Education: An International Journal, 14(3), 319-330. Matejka, K., & Kurke, L. B. (1994). Designing a great syllabus. College Teaching, 42(3), 115. Perrine, R. M., Lisle, J., & Tucker, D. L. (1995). Effects of a syllabus offer of help, student age, and class size on college students' willingness to seek support from faculty. Journal of Experimental Education, 64(1), 41-52. Saville, B. K., Zinn, T. E., Brown, A. R., & Marchuk, K. A. (2010). Syllabus detail and students' perceptions of teacher effectiveness. Teaching of Psychology, 37(3), 186-189. doi:10.1080/00986283.2010.488523 Smith, M. F., & Razzouk, N. Y. (1993). Improving classroom communication: The case of the course syllabus. Journal of Education for Business, 68(4), 215-222. Retrieved from Academic Search Premiere.
THANK YOU AND BEST WISHES AS YOU CREATE POWERFUL SYLLABI! Questions? E-mail me at firstname.lastname@example.org