Presentation on theme: "The Simple Past: Regular and Irregular Verbs The Life of Wangari Maathai 8 Focus on Grammar 1 Part VII, Units 21 & 22 By Ruth Luman, Gabriele Steiner,"— Presentation transcript:
1940: was born in Kenya 1960-1966: went to school in the U.S. 1971: got a Ph.D. from the University of Nairobi 1976-2004: planted 30 million trees in Kenya 2004: won the Nobel Peace Prize Now The Life of Wangari Maathai Past
1971: Got a Ph.D. from the University of Nairobi Use the simple past to talk about an event that happened in the past. Now The Simple Past
Regular verbs in the simple past end in -ed. If the base form ends in -e, add only –d. If the base form ends in -y after a consonant, change the y to i and add -ed. She planted trees. She studied biology. She moved back to Kenya. Regular Verbs
Use the same verb form for all persons. I you he she it we they studied worked lived Verb Forms
He did not have a lot of money. Use did not + the base form of the verb for negative statements in the simple past. Base Form Verb Base Form Verb She didn’t go to school in England. Negative 1 Base Form Verb Base Form Verb
Her parents visited the capital city a year ago. Last week, she traveled to Norway. This morning, we listened to the news about her award. Time expressions come at the beginning or at the end of a sentence. Time Expressions
Practice 1 1.last weekend 2.two days ago 3.this morning 4.last night 5.last year Tell a partner about the things you did or didn’t do at the times listed. Use the words in the box. cook watch visit listen study work clean travel playexercise fix stay Last weekend, I watched TV. I didn’t study English.
Wangari won many awards for her work. She taught at several universities. Irregular verbs have different forms in the simple past. win teach Irregular Verbs
She didn’t planted trees in the U.S. She didn’t go to England in 1966. She planted trees in Kenya. Irregular Verbs Negative 2 Be careful! Don’t use did or didn’t with the past tense form of the verb. Regular Verbs She didn’t went to England in 1966. She didn’t plant trees in the U.S. She went back to Kenya in 1966.
Practice 2 1.be born 2.grow up 3.begin college 4.fall in love 5.go to school 6.leave home 7.come to this city 8.choose a major Work with a partner. Describe your life to your partner. Use the simple past and these verbs. was born grew up began college fell in love went to school left home came to this city chose a major
To make a yes / no question in the simple past, use did + the subject + the base form of the verb. Yes / No Questions DidSubject Base Form Verb Other Words Didshefinishcollege? Did her parents helpher?
You can use did or didn’t in the short answer in the simple past tense. Short Answers Did Wangari return to Kenya? Yes, she did. No, she didn’t. Did she plant trees in the U.S.?
Practice 3 Work with a partner. Practice asking and answering questions about the past. Use did and time expressions. 1) watch TV / last night 3) do your homework / yesterday 2) eat breakfast / this morning 4) go shopping / last month Example: pass the exam / last week Did you pass the exam last week? Yes, I did. OR No, I didn’t Yes, I did. OR No, I didn’t