2The Life of Wangari Maathai :planted 30 million trees in Kenya:went to school in the U.S.NowPast2004:won the Nobel Peace Prize1971:got a Ph.D. from the University of Nairobi1940:was born in Kenya
3Got a Ph.D. from the University of Nairobi The Simple PastUse the simple past to talk about an event that happened in the past.Now1971:Got a Ph.D. from the University of Nairobi
4Regular Verbs She moved back to Kenya. She planted trees. Regular verbs in the simple past end in -ed. If the base form ends in -e, add only –d. If the base form ends in -y after a consonant, change the y to i and add -ed.She moved back to Kenya.She planted trees.UBEAUJO 2/13/2006Change to: Regular (bold) verbs (bold) in the simple past end in -ed (bold, italics). If the base form ends -e (bold, italics), add only -d (bold italics). If the base form ends in -y (bold, italics) after a consonant, change the y (bold italics) to i (bold, italics) and add -ed (bold, italics).She studied biology.
5Use the same verb form for all persons. Verb FormsUse the same verb form for all persons.Iyouhesheitwetheystudiedworkedlived
6Negative 1Use did not + the base form of the verb for negative statements in the simple past.Base FormVerbHe did not have a lot of money.She didn’t go to school in England.Base FormVerb
7Time ExpressionsTime expressions come at the beginning or at the end of a sentence.Last week, she traveled to Norway.Her parents visited the capital city a year ago.This morning, we listened to the news about her award.
8Last weekend, I watched TV. I didn’t study English. Tell a partner about the things you did or didn’t do at the times listed. Use the words in the box.Practice 1last weekendtwo days agothis morninglast nightlast yearLast weekend, I watched TV I didn’t study English.cook watch visit listenstudy work clean travelplay exercise fix stay
9Irregular VerbsIrregular verbs have different forms in the simple past.winWangari won many awards for her work.teachShe taught at several universities.
10Negative 2Be careful! Don’t use did or didn’t with the past tense form of the verb.Irregular VerbsRegular VerbsShe didn’t planted trees in the U.S.She didn’t went to England in 1966.UBEAUJO 2/6/2006ADD A SLIDE:Header: NegativeGrammar rule bar: Be careful! Don't sue did (italics) or didn't (italics) with the past tense for of the verb.Body:Regular Verbs:She didn't plant trees in the U.S. [animate and highlight (planted) and (didn't plant)][art: picture of an African woman plantin trees. (United States) appears, is crossed out with an "X", and (Kenya) appears appears.She planted trees in KenyaIrregular:She didn't go to England in 1966.[animate and higllight (went) and (didn't go)][art: African woman heading to the airport gate (luggage), the wrong date appears above, is crossed out with an "X", and is followed by the correct date appearing]She went back to Kenya in 1966.She didn’t plant trees in the U.S.She didn’t go to England in 1966.She planted trees in Kenya.She went back to Kenya in 1966.
11Practice 2 be born was born grow up begin college grew up Work with a partner. Describe your life to your partner. Use the simple past and these verbs.Practice 2be borngrow upbegin collegefall in lovego to schoolleave homecome to this citychoose a major was born grew up began college fell in love went to school left home came to this city chose a major
12Yes / No Questions Did she finish college? her parents Did help her? To make a yes / no question in the simple past, use did + the subject + the base form of the verb.DidSubjectBase Form VerbOther WordsDidshefinishcollege?her parentsDidhelpher?
13Short AnswersYou can use did or didn’t in the short answer in the simple past tense.Did Wangari return to Kenya?Yes, she did.Did she plant trees in the U.S.?No, she didn’t.
14Did you pass the exam last week? Work with a partner. Practice asking and answering questions about the past. Use did and time expressions.Practice 3Example: pass the exam / last weekYes, I did.ORNo, I didn’tDid you pass the exam last week?1) watch TV / last night ) do your homework / yesterday2) eat breakfast / this morning ) go shopping / last month