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Women In Science: Recent Activity in the US Moving beyond "the woman problem" - changing men and institutions Fran Bagenal University of Colorado, Boulder.

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Presentation on theme: "Women In Science: Recent Activity in the US Moving beyond "the woman problem" - changing men and institutions Fran Bagenal University of Colorado, Boulder."— Presentation transcript:

1 Women In Science: Recent Activity in the US Moving beyond "the woman problem" - changing men and institutions Fran Bagenal University of Colorado, Boulder Demographics Studies -> pragmatic approach Institutional Studies: MIT -> many others Affirmative Action Title IX Some good books & great speakers Thoughts of a brain-drainer Studies Sticks Suggestions { { {

2 Women In Science: Recent Activity in the US Demographics statistical studies by professional organizations decline in degrees (particularly in physical sciences) workforce pressures -> pragmatic approach “how to help these poor women” “how to train/hire/retain the talent we need to do the job”

3 Starting with 4 million 16-year-olds “The Leaky Pipeline” 5 in in 1000

4 Percent of Physics BS Degrees and PhDs Earned by Women ( ) Percent of PhDs Earned by Women - Historical Perspective ( ) Post-war grimness % %

5 Percent of BS Degrees Earned by Women in Several Sciences ( ) %

6 Degrees Granted

7 First Year Graduate Students in Physics and Astronomy US MUST diversify to meet workforce needs

8 “The harsh fact is that the US need for the highest quality human capital in science, mathematics, and engineering is not being met.” Education as a National Security Imperative “Hart-Rudman Report” “… fund a comprehensive program to produce the needed numbers of science and engineering professionals as well as qualified teachers in science and math.” Recommendation

9 Women In Science: Recent Activity in the US Institutional Studies - Status of Women at MIT -> many others Caltech, U. California, Michigan, Stanford, Wisconsin, Space Telescope Science Institute, etc. Pay, space, awards, responsibilities, etc. often unequal But it is as much CULTURE that drives women away - Women are less content with their work environment - 2-body problems, family issues - But also hostile environment - many subtle obstacles - Not just older generation who just can’t change - new generation of arrogant and overly entitled young men who apparently can’t credit young women with intelligence, dedication or a future in science.

10 1.DATA -Gather & post data on UG and graduate programs, -Advertize where there are women faculty & women post-docs -follow “the 60% cohort” - in % of year-old members are women - how will their careers evolve? 2.HIRING - 2-body policies, pro-active recruitment 3.FAMILIES - need flexibility in hours, careers, tenure 4.INNOVATIVE CAREER PATHS - advertize, train, take pride 5.MENTORING - describe what it is, give examples 6.INSTITUTIONAL LEADERS MUST BE ACTIVE ON GENDER ISSUES - hiring, mentorship, career development 7.BEST PRACTICES - Spread the word Women In Astronomy Recommendations

11 “The Two-Body Problem” Profession of Physicists’ Spouses Women scientists/engineers tend to marry scientists/engineers

12 Women In Science: Recent Activity in the US “Speak softly and carry a big stick” Obligations of institutions that receive federal funds Affirmative Action - “good faith” effort, significant impact at undergraduate admissions level, less at higher levels Title IX - Show hiring/funding consistent with demographics for educational institutions to get federal research funds - e.g. Top schools not hiring women faculty in proportion to their own women PhDs - Debra Rolison articles/talks - Congress very interested

13 Women In Science: Recent Activity in the US Some great speakers Virgina Valian Sheila Tobias Denice Denton Elaine Seymour Susan Estrich Debra Rolison Some good books.... and lots and lots of websites....

14 Women In Science: Recent Activity in the US Thoughts of a Brain-Drainer Keep BBC Horizon alive! Humor is the best weapon (no “whining minnies”) UK has 1/4 the US population and better education* -why does UK have <<1/4 US women scientists? Please, please - someone write (preferable in cartoon): “Everything the Astrophysicist Needs to Know About Women in Science But is Too Arrogant to Ask” “Feminism 101 for the Busy Scientist” * produces twice as many physics degrees per capita

15 Women In Science: Recent Activity in the US Some great speakers Virgina Valian Sheila Tobias Denice Denton Elaine Seymour Susan Estrich Debra Rolison Some good books.... and lots and lots of websites....

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17 Web Sites - 1 American Institute of Physics Statistics Group cheminfo.chem.ou.edu/faculty/djn/diversity/top50.html Diversity statistics at univ. science depts. Association of Women in Science Comm. on the Status of Women in Physics, American Physical Society Comm. on the Status of Women, American Astronomical Society The 2-body problem / dual-careers U. Wisconsin spousal hiring policy

18 Applying Title IX to science depts. web.mit.edu/fnl/women/women.html MIT study on the status of women U. California reports on gender equity diversity.caltech.edu/ Caltech study on the status of women Status of Women at Space Telescope Science Institute ADVANCE program at U. Washington women in academia Gender Equity Program for women in academia Hart-Rudman Commission crux.astr.ua.edu/4000WS/4000WS.html 4000 years of women in science Web Sites - 2


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