Presentation on theme: "Let’s Dance An Approach to Secondary Dance By, Christine Berni-Ramos"— Presentation transcript:
1Let’s Dance An Approach to Secondary Dance By, Christine Berni-Ramos National Board Certified, Physical Education2007 Teacher of the year
2Dance is a way of knowing and communicating Dance is a way of knowing and communicating. All societies use dance to communicate on both personal and cultural levels and to meet physical and spiritual needs.Dance, as with all the arts, has its own language. We need to learn this language in order to fully understand and appreciate the world of Dance.
3Objectives for DanceThis instructional video will demonstrate dances which can be taught to secondary students. You will observe how to:Use a variety of movement patterns from simple to complex, which will include line, folk, and multicultural dances.Use Variation contrasts in the use of the dance elements, descriptions, and repetitions.Apply Assessment tools, which are essential for grade level Standards.
4Force- (energy) degree of muscular The Elements of DanceSpace- The area of space occupied by the dancer’s body; includes direction, size, pathways, levels and shapes.Time- The relationship of one movement or part of a movement to another. Includes pulse, speed (or tempo), duration, rhythm, and phrases.Force- (energy) degree of musculartension and use of energy while moving.
5SPACEPathways: patterns made as a dancer moves through the air or on the floor (straight, vertical, curved, zigzags, circles, figure-eights, horizontal, and many more); can be made with locomotor or non-locomotor movements, separately or in combination.Shape: the form created by the body’s position in space. Aspects of shape are open/closed, large, small, rounded, angular, curved,symmetrical/asymmetrical, and body shapes.Levels- the vertical distance from the floor. Movements take place on three levels: high, middle or low and deep.What is the LEVEL ofthis dancer? →Direction- which way a dancer faces or moves; e.g., forward, backwards, diagonally, sideways, up and down.Size: magnitude of a body shape or movement; from small to largeMovements.What SHAPEdo you see here? →
6TIMERhythm: A flow of sound or movement having regular accented beats; a movement or activity in which some action repeats regularly; patterns made by arranging long and short sounds or strong and light soundsTempo: The speed of the dance such as; fast, slow, moderate.Accent: A movement or shape performed in such a way as to give emphasis.Duration: The length of time a movement lasts: a long time, short time or something in between. Or the length of the dance or a dance phrase.Beat: Pulse of the music.Syncopation: A temporary accenting of a normally weak beat in music to vary the rhythm.Phrasing: A grouping and articulation of a group of notes.Accent: a movement or shape performed in such a way as to give emphasis.Pulse: The ongoing underlying beat.
7FORCE Force is the use of ENERGY while moving. Heavy/Light, Sharp/Smooth,Tension/Relaxation,Bound/FlowingWhat type of FORCE is used in Folklorico Dance? →Weight: strength (force) lightness of movement (heavy/light), suspended,Collapsed.Energy: Weak, strong.Quality: Smooth, sharp, round, free, flowing.Dynamics: how a movement is done.Flow: continuity of movement(bound/free flowing).
8Choreography is the art of arranging dances Choreography FormsChoreography is the art of arranging dancesTheme: the basic idea of the play, which the author dramatizes through the conflict of characters.Rondo: a dance structure with three or more themes where one theme is repeated. ABACADNarrative: choreographic structure that follows a specific story line to convey specific information through a danceVariations: contrasts in the use of the dance elements, repetitions.
9Movements Locomotor Non-Locomotor Motions created moving across SPACE Dancers using locomotor movements may…walk, run, skip, hop, jump, slide, leap, or gallop.Non-LocomotorMotions made while staying in one SPACEDancers using non-locomotor movements may…bend, stretch, twist, or swing their body.Movements
10CA Content Standards Grade 6 Folk DanceCA Content Standards Grade 6Rhythmic Skills1.7 Perform folk and line dances.1.8 Develop, reﬁne, and demonstrate routines to music.Combinations of Movement Patterns and Skills1.9 Combine relationships, levels, speed, direction, and pathways in complex individual and group activitiesMovement Concepts2.3 Analyze and correct errors inmovement patterns.2.10 Identify steps and rhythm patterns for folk and line dances.2.11 Explain how movement qualities contribute to the aesthetic dimension of physical activity.Self-Responsibility5.1 Participate productively in group physical activities.Folk dance is a form of dance developed by a group of people that reflects the traditional life of the people of a certain country or region. Folk dancing originated in the 18th century and the steps of folk dances are passed through generations.Many folk dances are danced in unison in a single, nonlinear "line", and often with a connection between dancers. Folk line dances have many forms: pairs of lines in which the dancers face each other, or a line formed into a circle, or the line follows around the dance floor. The dancers may hold hands with their neighbors, or use an arm-on-shoulder hold, or hold their neighbor's belts. Dances such as Pata Pata, Jarabe,Folklorico, Maypole dance, Morris dance, Tinikling, Alunelul, Trioka and many more.Can add appropriate Standards from Overarching Standard 2 and 5.
11Types of Folk Dance Steps Polka: This is a springy two-step, preceded by a hop on the supporting foot on the up-beat.Schottische: Three steps followed by a hop on the supporting foot. On the hop, the free foot may execute a swing. It is danced in even rhythm, and may be executed forward, backward, sideward or turning.Contra: Arranged in long paired lines of couples. A pair of lines is called a set. Sets are generally arranged so they run the length of the hall, with the top or head of the set being the end closest to the band and caller. Correspondingly, the bottom or foot of the set is the end farthest from the caller.Clogging: A freestyle dance characterized by double time stomping and tap steps resembling a tap dance with the upper body held straight and upright.Slide Step: Step on R foot to R, slide L foot to close to R foot.Stamp: with weight on one foot, strike other foot sharply on floor, without taking weight. Also known as Stomp.Step-Hop: Step forward on R foot, hop on R foot.
12CA Content Standards Grade 6 Line DanceCA Content Standards Grade 6Rhythmic Skills1.7 Perform folk and line dances.1.8 Develop, reﬁne, and demonstrate routines to music.Combinations of Movement Patterns and Skills1.9 Combine relationships, levels, speed, direction, and pathways in complex individual and group activitiesMovement Concepts2.3 Analyze and correct errors inmovement patterns.2.10 Identify steps and rhythm patterns for folk and line dances.2.11 Explain how movement qualities contribute to the aesthetic dimension of physical activity.Self-Responsibility5.1 Participate productively in group physical activities.Can add appropriate Standards from Overarching Standard 2 and 5.Line Dance is a choreographed dance with a repeated sequence of steps in which a group of people dance in one or more lines or rows without regard for the gender of the individuals, all facing the same direction, and executing the steps at the same time. Line dancers are not in physical contact with each other. Although line dancing is associated with country-western music and dance, it has a similarities to folk dancing. Some line dances include, Electric slide, Cha Cha slide, Cupid Shuffle, Boot Scootin' Boogie, Achy Breaky Heart and many more.Each dance is said to consist of a number of walls.one-wall dance, the dancers face the same direction at the end of the sequence as at the beginning.two-wall dance, repetitions of the sequence end alternately at the back and front walls. the "volte" step, the dancers turn 180 degrees to face a new wall.four-wall dance, the direction faced at the end of the sequence is 90 degrees to the right or left from the direction in which they faced at the beginning. As a result, the dancers face each of the four walls in turn at the end of four consecutive repetitions of the sequence, before returning to the original wall. The hustle line dance is an example of a four-wall dance
13Types of Line Dance Steps Descriptions of some dance steps in their typical form are below. They are subject to variations in particular dances as demonstrated in the video.Chasse: One foot moves to the side, the other foot is placed next to it, and the first foot moves again to the side. A chasse step can move any direction, but is more often use it as a side movement. This sometimes called a "side shuffle". It can be called "side, together, side" or "side, close, side“Grapevine: One foot moves to the side, the other moves behind it, the first foot moves again to the side, and the second touches next to the first. There are variations: the final step can consist of a hitch, a scuff, placement of weight on the second foot, and so forth.Weave: To the left or the right. This is similar to a grapevine, but starting with a cross in front or a cross behind; it will obviously have another cross either in front or behind. Creates a slight zig zag pattern.Triple step: 3 steps being taken in only 2 beats of music. Can move forward, backward, left, right or on the spot.Shuffle step: A triple step to the front or the back, left or right side, starting on either foot. The feet slide rather than being given the staccato (short and sharp) movement of the cha-cha. There is a slight difference in the interpretation of the timing to give the element its distinctive look. It is counted as 1 & 2, 3 & 4, etc. However, the actual amount of time devoted to each of the 3 steps in the shuffle is 3/4 of a beat, 1/4 of a beat, then one full beat of music. A chasse (normally used for sideways movement) is sometimes called a side(ways) shuffle. It can be called "step, together, step" or "step, close, step“Lock step: A triple step backwards or forwards, starting on either foot, with the second foot slid up to and tightly locked in front of or behind the first foot before the first foot is moved a second time in the same direction as for the first step.Other steps include applejack , coaster step, heel grind, hitch, jazz box, kick ball change, lunge, mambo step, rock step, pivot turn, scissor step, scuff, stamp, stomp, swivet and vaudeville.
14CA Content Standards Grade 7 Multicultural DanceCA Content Standards Grade 7Due to the increasing ethnic diversity in our society, promoting cultural awareness is more important today than ever before. What better way to learn about and appreciate cultural differences than through dances from around the world?Rhythmic Skills1.2 Perform multicultural dances. Combinations of Movement Patternsand Skills1.3 Combine manipulative, locomotor, and nonlocomotor skills into movement patterns.Movement Concepts2.2 Analyze movement patterns and correct errors.Group Dynamics5.4 Evaluate the effect of expressing encouragement to others while participating in a group physical activity.Culture is related to a person’s lifestyle, beliefs, values, and language passed on from generations. It distinguishes one person from another in society. Multicultural dance will allow experiences for different cultures to be valued. Students will acquire knowledge of other cultures and accept differences when embedded in to instruction.CountryDanceIsrealHoraGermanyD’hammerschmeidsgsellnRomaniaAlunelulChinaYankoItalyTarantellaEnglandGathering PeascodsPhillipinesTiniklingRussiaKorobushkaHungaryDunantuli UgrosIrelandSiege of EnnisGreeceSytrosCanadaLes SalutsSerbiaSavila Se Bela LozaJapanTanko BushiMexicoEl Jarabe TapatioCan add appropriate Standards from Overarching Standard 2 and 5.
15CA Content Standards Grade 8 Square DanceSquare dance is a folk dance with four couples (eight dancers) arranged in a square, with one couple on each side, beginning with Couple 1 facing away from the music and going counter-clockwise until getting to Couple 4. Couples 1 and 3 are known as the head couples, while Couples 2 and 4 are the side couples. Each dance begins and ends each sequence with "sets-in-order" in the square formation. The dance was first described in 17th century England but was also quite common in France and throughout Europe and bears a marked similarity to Scottish Country Dancing. It has become associated with the United States of America due to its historic development in that country. Nineteen US states have designated it as their official state dance.Rhythmic Skills1.1 Identify and demonstrate square dance steps, positions, and patterns set to music.1.2 Create and perform a square dance.Self-Responsibility5.2 Organize and work cooperatively with a group to achieve the goals ofthe group.Group Dynamics5.7 Model support toward individuals of all ability levels and encourage others to be supportive and inclusive of all individuals.Can add appropriate Standards from Overarching Standard 5.a “call” refers to the name of a specific dance movement. It may alternatively refer to the phrase used by a caller to cue the dancers so they dance the specified movement, or to the dance movement itself.
16Types of Square Dance Steps ALLEMANDE LEFT - Corners face and take left hands. Walk around each other to own position.ALLEMANDE RIGHT - Partners face and take right hands. Walk around each other to own position.BACK BY THE LEFT - Exchange right hands to left hands in a Right Hand Star and walk back to position.BALANCE - Partners, take right hands. Hop on the left foot and cross the right, hop on the right foot and cross the left. Repeat once.CIRCLE LEFT - Dancers designated by Caller join hands in a circle and walk to the left.CIRCLE RIGHT - Same as Circle Left going to the right.CORNER - Lady on Gent's left, Gent on Lady's right.DOWN THE CENTER AND BACK (Lady Walpole's Reel) - Actives walk to the center of the lines and walk six steps to the Fool of the Set with Partners. On the call And Back Dancers turn individually and walk back to the Head of the Set on the same side they walked down.DO-SI-DO - Partners, or those designated by Caller, face. Walk around each other passing right and then left shoulders back to own position.FORWARD AND BACK - Three steps forward. Honor, and back to position.FOOT - End of a line farthest away from Caller or record player.HEAD - End of a line nearest the Caller or record player.HONOR - Partners, or those designated by Caller, face- Ladies Curtsy, Gents Bow.LADIES CHAIN - Ladies designated by Caller walk to each other and take right hands. Pass by, dropping hands, and give left hands to that Lady's Partner in his left hand. Gents place their right arm around the Lady's waist and turns her counter-clockwise to face the other Couple. Ladies Chain back the same way.LADIES GRAND CHAIN - The four Ladies walk to the center of the Set and join right hands in a Star formation. Walk around to the Opposite Gent, giving him their left hand in his. Gents place their right arm around the Lady's waist and turns her counter-clockwise to face the center of the Set. Ladies Grand Chain back the same way.ONE BELOW - After crossing to Opposite position, exchanging positions with Partners in Lady Walpole's Reel Actives face to the Foot of the Set and are facing the ONE Below.OPPOSITE - Dancer directly opposite (In Introduction, Chorus and Ending of the Honor Your Partner Dance Opposite refers to the Lady the Gents have at that moment for the Swing or Do-si-do). PARTNER - Lady on Gent's right. Gent on Lady's left.PROMENADE - Partners, or those designated by Caller, cross hands in skating position and walk counter-clockwise to position. Right arm should be over left.HALF PROMENADE (Lady Walpole's Reel) - Couples facing walk to opposite sides of the line and turn to face the other line again. Couples keep to the other Couples right in passing.RIGHT AND LEFT - Each dancer takes the right hand of the dancer directly opposite. Pass by, dropping hands. Partners, or as directed by Caller, face and join left hands. Gents place their right hand under Lady's left forearm. Gent backs around. Lady walks around. Right and Left Back the same way.HALF RIGHT AND LEFT (Lady Walpole's Reel) Same as Right and Left without returning to starting position.SET (Lady Walpole's Reel) - Two lines of dancers facing. Ladies in one line. Gents in the other. Usually six to eight Couples in each Set. HEAD of the Set is nearest Caller or record player.SET (SQUARE) Four Couples - Each Couple having their backs to one of the four walls. Couples with their backs to the Caller or record player are Couples No. 1, Couples on Couple One's right are No. 2. Facing Couple One's position Couple No. 3, facing Couple Two's position Couple No. 4. Couples One and Three are HEAD Couples. Couples Two and Four are SIDE Couples. Distance between facing Couples: about six feet.STAR BY THE RIGHT (Right Hand Star) - Couples, or those designated by Caller, walk to each other and join right hands in a star formation and walk in the direction they are facing (clockwise).SWING - Partners, face. Gents take one step to the center and walk alongside Lady. (If with Corner or One Below Gent takes one step to his left and walks alongside Lady). The outside of the right feet should touch to start. The left foot is about six inches to the side with the toe of the left foot in line with the heel of the right. Take a regular dance arm position, leaning back a bit so as to obtain leverage. With a slight pivot step on the ball of the right foot keep shoving around on the left as if on a scooter.
17CA Content Standards High School Course 1 Culmination ofRhythms/DanceSTYLESTraditional/CeremonialEthnic DancesMulticultural/Folk DancesHulaLatinBellyFolkoricoRecreationalFolkSocialAerobicLineHip-HopBreakBallroomSwingStompArtisticModernTapBalletJazzFlamenco1.1 Combine and apply movement patterns, simple to complex, in aquatic, rhythms/dance, and individual and dual activities.1.2 Demonstrate proﬁcient movement skills in aquatic, rhythms/dance, and individual and dual activities.1.3 Identify, explain, and apply the skill-related components of balance, reaction time, agility, coordination, explosive power, and speed that enhance performance levels in aquatic, rhythms/dance, and individual and dual activities.1.7 Analyze and evaluate feedback from proprioception, from others, and from the performance of complex motor (movement) activities to improve performance in aquatic, rhythms/dance, individual activities, and dual activities.1.8 Analyze and explain which training and conditioning practices have the greatest impact on skill acquisition and performance in aquatic, rhythms/dance, and individual and dual activities.1.9 Create or modify practice/training plans based on evaluative feedback of skill acquisition and performance in aquatic, rhythms/dance, and individual and dual activities.1.10 Analyze situations and determine appropriate strategies for improved performance in aquatic, rhythms/dance, and individual and dual activities.1.11 Assess the effect/outcome of a particular performance strategy in aquatic, rhythms/dance, and individual and dual activities.Can add appropriate Standards from Overarching Standard 2 and 5.
18EL Learners andSpecial Needs Assessment Tools: Note: Sample assessments, rubrics, and assignments may overlap or be modified to be used with various dance categoriesDemonstrations or modeling of dances.Pair students have them participate in think-pair-share activities.Show DVD/video of the dance to class and/or have visual aids.Slow down tempo and have an easier version of difficult dance steps (modifications)Cue students repeatedly and practice steps in small groups.Physically move throughout the class and demonstrate in several places so all students have an opportunity to see you or place advanced students in areas to be seen by all students.Use of task cards to visually be able to put dances together.Use of gestures or cues to signal a transition, direction, steps, change of sequence etc…Have students create their own dance or add to dances.Video Tape and have them watch it to analyze movement patterns.Groups perform for each other using a checklist, rubric, and/or score sheet.Teacher observation sheet with dance criteria.Have students identify, write out, map, or describe dances, dance sequences, dance steps, and/or dance terms. Can include a word wall.Have students develop diagrams of dancesPeer Assessments/ChecklistsHave students teach dances to each other in groups (jig-saw, stations, task cards, etc..) task cards with dance steps and put dances together.Can heart rate monitors and technology if available.Integrate other subjects i.e. multicultural dance research their country.Assignments with reflective questions, graphic organizers, scaffolding.
19Dance Task Cards Sample Folk Dance Rubric Task Cards can be used as visual aids and for multiple strategies such as a jigsaw activity, peer checklist and/or teacher observation, creating stations, and to review the dance steps.
20Dance Steps Task Cards James Brown Stand on left leg and bendyour right knee so your footrests just on the other side of left kneeStep 2:Gently bend left knee soyour whole body is lowered.Stop when the ball of yourright foot hits the floorFlash Cards of individual dance steps can also assist in building or putting dances together, jig saw, and performance of movement patterns.Step 3:Feet should be crossed,so that as you push up withyour legs...Step 4:...your whole body turns 360 degrees as you come up
21Sample Dance Rubric Sample Folk Dance Rubric 1 2 3 4 Beginning SatisfactoryProficientExcellentMARKFormationStudent is not clear about the dance formation.Student requires some assistance from teacher while getting into position.Student gets into position for the dance with little assistance from the teacher.Student demonstrates clearly the correct dance formation and helps others with only an occasional hint from the teacher.Sequence of StepsStudent seems lost or demonstrates incorrect dance steps.Student can follow portions of the dance with frequent cues provided by the teacher.Student can follow most of the dance sequence with some guided help from others.Student is in a leading role and clearly demonstrates the correct dance sequence.BeatMovements and the beat of the music are out of step or not synchronized.Student beat is inconsistent and it fluctuates at times.Demonstrates the beat most times and is able to maintain it in the dance.Student clearly maintains the beat in their dance and consistently maintains it throughout the dance.StyleStudent demonstrates a mix of styles which do not show progression or theme specific to the dance.Student is progressing towards the demonstration of “stylistic” moves that are characteristic of the dance.Student at times will demonstrate “stylistic” moves in keeping with the dance.Student consistently demonstrates “stylistic” moves in keeping with the dance.Work EthicShow little or no enthusiasm for dance. Does not focus and follow instruction. Is easily distracted.Student will participate in dance. Frequent reminders are needed to maintain their focus on the dance.Approaches dance with a positive attitude. May need to be brought back to task at times. Can stay focused and follows instruction fairly well.Student is totally motivated to participate in dance. Is always focused and on task. In fact, encourages others to remain on task.COMMENTS:TOTAL
22Sample Rubric Folk/Square Dance Performance lndicator:Perform specific movement patterns and sequences in dance and rhythmic activities,Assessment Task:Perform a folk/ethnic/square dance.Criteria for Competence (Level3):1. Performs steps and sequences with 2 errors in the dance.2. Performs to the rhythm of the accompaniment with 2 exceptions.3. Synchronizes movements with a partner or group when appropriate with no more than 2 exceptions.Assessment Rubric:LevelSteps and SequencesPerforms to RhythmSynchronizes Movements with Others4Performs steps and sequences with no more than I error in the dance.Performs to the rhythm of the accompaniment with no more than 1 exception.Synchronizes movements with a partner or group when appropriate with nor more than 1 exception.3Performs steps and sequences with 2 errors in the dance.Performs to the rhythm of the accompaniment with 2 exceptions.Synchronizes movements with a partner or group when appropriate with 2 exceptions.2Performs step and sequences with 3 errors in the dance.Performs to the rhythm of the accompaniment with 3 exceptions.Synchronizes movements with a partner or group when appropriate with 3 exceptions.1Performs steps and sequences with 4 or more errors in the dance.Performs to the rhythm of the accompaniment with 4 or more exceptions.Synchronizes movements with a partner or group when appropriate with 4 or more exceptions.Violates safety rules and/or fails to complete the task.
24Line Dance Peer Assessment “Whomp It Up” Place students in groups of 3 or 4 and give each a role i.e. Recorder, Dancer, Audience, Choreographer and have them rotate roles as they complete the sheet. Explain how each role contributes to the group i.e. Choreographer provides feedback for Dancer.NamePart 1 Yes NoPart 2 Yes NoPart 3 Yes No126.96.36.199.Part 1: 8 cts- Step R, Step L, Step R, Step LPart 2: 8 cts.- 4 Pump steps forward (R, L, R, L) (the pump step is a step w/a hip drop 2 counts)Part 3: 8 cts.- Big step back w/R (drop step), Big step back w/L (reverse pivot step), Jump 3 times around clockwise, to face the back wall, and clap on beat 4.
26Dance Progression Assessment (can also be a teacher observation sheet)
27Dance MapDance Sequence and DescriptionDance Map AssessmentThe students will complete the form by identifying the dance steps through organizing them in order of sequence. They will also describe the movement patterns/steps of a selected or provided dance. This can be used with many dance categories.
28Dance Sequence Assessment The students will identify the dance sequences by putting them in the correct order from 1-7 by matching. (review sequences/steps verbally and physically with your students prior to assessment). This assessment can be created with dance sequences or individual dance stepsSKILL: Promenade1.____A____ A. Each person has a partner by their side2.____B____ B. Hold Hands-R in R, L in L3.____F____ C. Return to starting spot (home)4.____G____ D. Continue moving around circle or square counterclockwise5.____D____ E. When return, turn and face partner6.____C____ F. Move around the circle or square counterclockwise7.____D____ G. Girls Stand on the inside of the circle, boys on the outsideAnswer Key for teacher (correct order): (* Four Most Critical Points, can have them identify also)*1. Each person has a partner by their side (girl and boy together ideal) Side by side*2. Hold hands (cross arms) – right in right, left in left Hold Hands3. Move around the circle or square counterclockwise4. Girls stand on the inside of the circle, boys on outside*5. Continue moving around circle or square*6. Return to starting spot (home)When return, turn and face partner
29“Creating Dances” Assessment Include a Rubric for creating dances “Creating Dances” Assessment Include a Rubric for creating dances. Guidelines can be modified depending on students needs. For beginners, EL’s, abnd special needs you can include task cards with dance steps to guide them in creating/building their dances.Group Members: Group # _____Guidelines Ideas:It must be at least 1-2 minutes long.Include at least 3 different steps you have learned.Include at least 3 steps you have created.How many counts or “moves” are included in the routineMust have an significant beginning, middle, and ending.Write your dance routine sequences below in the correct order.Sequence 1:Sequence 2:Sequence 3:Sequence 4:Sequence 5:Sequence 6:Draw Dance Formation here:Draw or write about the dance your group created.Explain your specific contribution to your group?What worked well for you? What worked well for the group?What would you change about the dance?What would you change about your contribution?
30Level 4 Highest level Level 3 Level 2 Level 1 ASSIGNMENT: Create a group dance that uses at least:A. 3 locomotor, 2 non- locomotor skills,B. Two of each elements of space, time and force.C. Your dance must have a theme that shows contrast and transition.D. Dance must be in AB, ABA or ABC form.E. Your dance must last at least 32 counts.F. Your dance must be based upon a theme or event.Have students write out their dance using dance vocabulary and hand it in when you finish performing it.Can also have groups perform their dance to the class and do a self assessment and/or score sheet/rubric.Rubric:Level 4Highest levelLevel 3Level 2Level 1A. Dance includes 3 or more locomotor skills, 2 or more non-locomotor skills.B. Dance includes at least 2 or more of each element of space, time and force.C. Dance shows contrast and transition.D. Dance is in AB, ABA form or ABC form.E. Dance must last at least 32 beats or longer.F. The theme of the dance is mentioned and explained what dance skills represent each part.A. Dance includes at least 3 locomotor and 2 non-locomotor skills.B. Dances includes at least 2 of each element of space, time, and force.C. Dances shows at least contrast or transition.D. Dance is in AB,ABA, or ABC form.E. Dance lasts at least 32 beatsF. The theme of the dance is mentioned.A. Dance includes at least 2-3 locomotor and 1-2 non-locomotor skills.B. Dance includes 1-2 of each element of space, time, and force.C. Dance shows at least contrast or transition.D. Dance is in AB,ABA. or ABC. FormE. Dance is beats long.F. The theme may or may not be mentioned.A. Dance includes at least 1-2 locomotor and 1 non-locomotor skill.B. Dance includes 1or 2 elements of space, time, and force.D. Dance is in AB, ABA, or ABC form.E. Dance is beats long.
31“Create a Dance”Dance Name: ____________________________________Group Members:Dance Formation: _________________________If not a circle, how many walls is the dance? _______________Write your dance parts below in the correct order.Part 1: ________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________Part 2:__________________________________________________________________Part 3:__________________________________________________________________Part 4: _________________________________________________________________Part 5:___________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________Part 6:___________________________________________________________ ________________________________________________________________
32Multicultural Dance Assessments (KWL and Venn Diagram can be used with other dance categories) Use a KWL on prior knowledge and what they learned about the countries dance or on the step and sequences involved.Choose a multicultural folk dance previously learned in class. Use the questions below to guide your research of the dance.Name of Dance:What Country is the dance from:History of the dance:Origin:Flag:Language:Traditional Costume:Music Selection:Formation:Dance Step Directions:Use a Venn Diagram to analyze different ethnic/cultural dances and/or dance steps
33Before You StartBe sure to know the dance you are planning to teach before trying to teach it and be sure you know exactly where it starts in the music and how various parts of the dance fit the music.Demonstrate a short part of the dance for your class, with music, before breaking the entire dance into parts (whole-part-whole).Break the dance into parts and teach using the following progression:Introduce Part 1 and practice until masteredIntroduce Part 2 and practice until mastered (can add part one and two)Introduce Part 3 and practice until masteredPractice Part 1, followed by Part 2, followed by Part 3 etc..Practice the combination of one set of steps or “the move” individually.Name the move with a “catchy title” or a descriptive one.Determine how you will describe your steps and counts.4 , 8 , or 8 counts to equal 16, 32Prepare modified versions of difficult steps to include learners who may have a difficult time.Don’t be afraid to include steps that you may not necessarily be able to do perfectly. You can do the modified version and have those who are advanced do the challenging version(s).Strategically place “catch up” steps in a routine. Difficult steps should be followed by easier moves, allowing for those still trying to master the difficult ones to catch-up.
34During The Dance Get them moving and dancing before touching Teach the difference between even and odd music beats, and countsCouple dancing male starts with left foot, female with right foot.Show each move slowly first in parts repeat as necessary before adding on parts and then have whole class join you.Physically move throughout the class and demonstrate in several places so all students have an opportunity to see you or place advanced students in areas to be seen by all students.Place student in windows formation and rotate lines every few minutes… front line goes to back, next row move up to front.Break down difficult moves into two smaller parts.Difficult steps should be presented feet first, then add arms, and then add style.Begin with familiar or easy dance(s) first then progress to more difficult dances.Cues, timing and speed are an important aspect for success for your dance lesson.
35Dance RESOURCES Christy Lane Enterprises (Dare to Dance) Wagon Wheel RecordsBrowse Online for various dance websitesI tunesAmazonYou TubeMTV (TRL)Dance CD’s (target & many other stores)DVD’s (Instructional)Conferences and workshopsColleaguesPE centralThe Fundamentals of Square Dancing by Bob Ruff and Jack MurthaSquare Dance Now! By Bob Ruff