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1By Robert, Jake, Julius, and Adrian BabylonBy Robert, Jake, Julius, and Adrian
2Babylonia’s Significant Historic Figures King HammurabiCreated the first large uniform collection of laws (an eye for an aye, a tooth for a tooth).King Hammurabi pushed Babylon’s boundaries north to Mari and south to Ur during his reignKing NebuchadnezzarBuilt the Hanging gardens of BabylonCaptured Jerusalem and caused the Babylonian exile
3The Government and Laws of Babylon Used the uniform code of Hammurabi which touched on every crime imaginableThe code had equal punishment for each crime (an eye for en eye, a tooth for tooth) however, the code’s punishment changed based upon the class of the criminal and the affected by the crime committedThe code had 282 laws in totalThe code of Hammurabi was written on a large black pillar with a picture at the top of Shamash the sun god handing king Hammurabi the law codeGovernmentGovernment was lead by strong kingsIt was a strong central government that was fair to all citizens and easily controlledThe economy was completely controlled by the government, thus there were no private businessesPriests were placed in charge by Hammurabi to help control the economy
4Existing Jobs in Babylonia Brick makerbricklayerbrick-stamperbasket-makerpottersmith goldsmith/silversmithJewelerBakerGardenerwine-makerCookWheelwrightfurniture-makerboatmanBoat buildercarpenterhorse-trainerArchitectengineerexorcistcharioteercavalrymanMusicianservantPriestbitumen-carterrope-makerfarmerscribetax collectoroverseerherderweavermerchant.
5Human Expression Writing and Language Wrote on cuneiform on clay tablets which was associated with the Acadian languageThey were Semitic speakingUsed Cuneiform for writing but, it was not well known, so they began to use the Aramaic language for writing. With this was introduced the first alphabetical script. Aramaic was a Lingua Franca.Wrote on clay tabletsArt
6The Architecture of Babylon used mud-brick constructionhad walls articulated by pilasters and recesses, sometimes faced with burnt and glazed brickhad narrow rooms, mostly covered with flat timber and mud roofsused extensive use of bitumen in drain and pavement construction and as mortar.Dyed clay bricks.City PlanningThe palace was located near one of the main entrance/gate (Ishtar Gate) to the city and it was next to the processional way.The processional way was very wide and it was paved with large stone slabs on bitumen. It was also a walled road.The houses were not freestanding, and were built together.It had eight gates
7Religion The Gods of Babylon Beliefs Marduk - the city god Shamash - the sun godNabu - the god of writingIshara - the goddess of loveGula - the goddess of healingEa – the god of water and wisdomIshtar – the fertility goddessSin – the moon godBeliefsThe Babylonians believed that the king/monarch was a god, or that he had a divine originThey believed that the gods revealed the future in the entrails of sacrificed animalsThe Babylonians didn’t believe in an afterlife that held any promise or threat
8The Babylon’s Accomplishments The Babylonians created the hanging gardens of Babylon under King NebuchadnezzarThe Babylonians created the first large collection of laws under King HammurabiDeveloped sundried clay bricks which they dyed different colors, and the clay could be found in different colorsUnder King Hammurabi, a very effective workforce was created due to his code.
9Map of the Babylonian Empire at the Heights of its Power Babylonia under HammurabiThe Neo Babylonian EmpireMap of the Babylonian empire under the reign of king Hammurabi (from about 1792 BC – 1750 BC)
10The Questions1.Why was this civilizations significant in ancient Mesopotamia?The Babylonians reunited Mesopotamia, and if they hadn’t done this, many empires wouldn’t have been foundedThe Babylonians rebelled and burned Nineveh (the capital city of the Assyrians) to the ground, ending the Assyrian empire2.Why is this civilization important in the modernworld?This civilization is important to the modern world because of what it was. Babylon showed that great numbers of people could work together. If they hadn’t done that many of the very populated cities wouldn’t be here because people wouldn’t know how to keep hundreds of thousands of people under control.3.Should this civilization be included in the curriculum about ancient Mesopotamia? Why?Yes. It should. At its height, Babylon was one of the largest, most important cities of the ancient world. It was located in central Mesopotamia, near the point where the Tigris and Euphrates flow closest to one another. This same region has been home to many capital cities over the centuries: Kish, Agade, Seleucia, and Baghdad among them.