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By Robert, Jake, Julius, and Adrian

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1 By Robert, Jake, Julius, and Adrian
Babylon By Robert, Jake, Julius, and Adrian

2 Babylonia’s Significant Historic Figures
King Hammurabi Created the first large uniform collection of laws (an eye for an aye, a tooth for a tooth). King Hammurabi pushed Babylon’s boundaries north to Mari and south to Ur during his reign King Nebuchadnezzar Built the Hanging gardens of Babylon Captured Jerusalem and caused the Babylonian exile

3 The Government and Laws of Babylon
Used the uniform code of Hammurabi which touched on every crime imaginable The code had equal punishment for each crime (an eye for en eye, a tooth for tooth) however, the code’s punishment changed based upon the class of the criminal and the affected by the crime committed The code had 282 laws in total The code of Hammurabi was written on a large black pillar with a picture at the top of Shamash the sun god handing king Hammurabi the law code Government Government was lead by strong kings It was a strong central government that was fair to all citizens and easily controlled The economy was completely controlled by the government, thus there were no private businesses Priests were placed in charge by Hammurabi to help control the economy

4 Existing Jobs in Babylonia
Brick maker bricklayer brick-stamper basket-maker potter smith goldsmith/silversmith Jeweler Baker Gardener wine-maker Cook Wheelwright furniture-maker boatman Boat builder carpenter horse-trainer Architect engineer exorcist charioteer cavalryman Musician servant Priest bitumen-carter rope-maker farmer scribe tax collector overseer herder weaver merchant.

5 Human Expression Writing and Language
Wrote on cuneiform on clay tablets which was associated with the Acadian language They were Semitic speaking Used Cuneiform for writing but, it was not well known, so they began to use the Aramaic language for writing. With this was introduced the first alphabetical script. Aramaic was a Lingua Franca. Wrote on clay tablets Art

6 The Architecture of Babylon
used mud-brick construction had walls articulated by pilasters and recesses, sometimes faced with burnt and glazed brick had narrow rooms, mostly covered with flat timber and mud roofs used extensive use of bitumen in drain and pavement construction and as mortar. Dyed clay bricks. City Planning The palace was located near one of the main entrance/gate (Ishtar Gate) to the city and it was next to the processional way. The processional way was very wide and it was paved with large stone slabs on bitumen. It was also a walled road. The houses were not freestanding, and were built together. It had eight gates

7 Religion The Gods of Babylon Beliefs Marduk - the city god
Shamash - the sun god Nabu - the god of writing Ishara - the goddess of love Gula - the goddess of healing Ea – the god of water and wisdom Ishtar – the fertility goddess Sin – the moon god Beliefs The Babylonians believed that the king/monarch was a god, or that he had a divine origin They believed that the gods revealed the future in the entrails of sacrificed animals The Babylonians didn’t believe in an afterlife that held any promise or threat

8 The Babylon’s Accomplishments
The Babylonians created the hanging gardens of Babylon under King Nebuchadnezzar The Babylonians created the first large collection of laws under King Hammurabi Developed sundried clay bricks which they dyed different colors, and the clay could be found in different colors Under King Hammurabi, a very effective workforce was created due to his code.

9 Map of the Babylonian Empire at the Heights of its Power
Babylonia under Hammurabi The Neo Babylonian Empire Map of the Babylonian empire under the reign of king Hammurabi (from about 1792 BC – 1750 BC)

10 The Questions 1.Why was this civilizations significant in ancient Mesopotamia? The Babylonians reunited Mesopotamia, and if they hadn’t done this, many empires wouldn’t have been founded The Babylonians rebelled and burned Nineveh (the capital city of the Assyrians) to the ground, ending the Assyrian empire 2.Why is this civilization important in the modern world? This civilization is important to the modern world because of what it was. Babylon showed that great numbers of people could work together. If they hadn’t done that many of the very populated cities wouldn’t be here because people wouldn’t know how to keep hundreds of thousands of people under control. 3.Should this civilization be included in the curriculum about ancient Mesopotamia? Why? Yes. It should. At its height, Babylon was one of the largest, most important cities of the ancient world. It was located in central Mesopotamia, near the point where the Tigris and Euphrates flow closest to one another. This same region has been home to many capital cities over the centuries: Kish, Agade, Seleucia, and Baghdad among them.

11 The End

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