Presentation on theme: "Core Commitments for Children in Humanitarian Action"— Presentation transcript:
1Core Commitments for Children in Humanitarian Action Updated Third VersionPleased to present the 3rd version of the Core Commitments for Children, now officially adopted by UNICEF (note, ExDir still awaiting signature as of 19 March)Just as a reminder the background to the CCCs:As numbers and complexity of humanitarian crises increased during the early 1990s, UNICEF re-examined its response to crises and developed appropriate policies and strategies for a more robust, timely and effective response to the needs of children and women in crises.As a result, UNICEF developed the Core Corporate Commitments for Children (CCCs) at Martigny, Switzerland, in September 1998, in the process known thereafter as Martigny I. The CCCs were adopted by the 2000 Board as E/ICEF/UNICEF revised CCCs in Martigny II in Copenhagen, Denmark, in April 2004 and renamed it Core Commitment for Children (CCCs). This version was released by the Executive Director in August 2004 as CF/EXD/ and shared with the Board for information. It was also published as the blue booklet in March 2005.
2Updated CCCs introduced through Ex. Dir Updated CCCs introduced through Ex. Dir. CF/EXD/ , all available on intranet – printed and French, Spanish version availableResources to support the CCCs will be added on the intranet as they become available.
3What are the CCCs?UNICEF’s core humanitarian policy to uphold the rights of children affected by humanitarian crisisPromote predictable, effective and timely collective humanitarian actionA framework based on norms and standards, around which UNICEF seeks to engage with partners1. The CCCs are UNICEF’s core humanitarian policy. They are fully grounded in the Principles of Partnership, with the recognition that strengthening partnership and collaboration is a key to success in humanitarian action and improved results for children and women.2. The intent of the updated CCCs remains to promote predictable, effective and timely collective humanitarian action, putting forth clearly the results where UNICEF can best contribute.3. They are guided by international human rights law, in particular the CRC, and in complex emergencies, IHL. Norms and standards include:Humanitarian PrinciplesGeneral Assembly Resolutions, in particular Resolution 26/182 which creates the IASCRelevant Security Council resolutions, including those pertaining to the protection of children affected by armed conflict;SPHERE and INEEThis foundation in child rights and global standards means that the CCCs constitute a framework for protecting the rights of children affected by humanitarian crisis (with partners) through reliable preparedness, predictable, effective and timely response and rebuilding better for early recovery.
4CCCs: Core Commitments for Children What is new – Humanitarian ActionCCCs: Core Commitments for ChildrenHumanitarian Action vs. emergencyreflect globally accepted framework of preparedness-response phases and early recovery approachThree major shifts:The first change is explicit through the title. Shift from Core Commitments for Children in Emergencies to CCCs in Humanitarian Action, emphasizing reliable preparedness and better early recovery in the response. This is illustrated here and specific actions for preparedness, response and early recovery are articulated under each sector.[IMPORTANT] Early Recovery (not a phase), but an approach to crisis response that applies principles of sustainability and local ownership to the delivery of humanitarian assistance as early as possible. The aim of early recovery is to stabilize local and national capacities as quickly as possible after the onset of a crisis in order to encourage a quicker transition to longer term recovery.Therefore, a benefit of the CCCs is that:The CCCs are relevant to both rapid onset and protracted humanitarian situations.The CCCs are activated by disasters or by contextual analysis that demonstrates a rapid decline at scale and calls for extraordinary action It also means that by definition the CCCs apply to every country programme through the lens of preparedness
5PreparednessPreparedness is part of every Programme and Operational CommitmentThe first Programme Commitment is to sort out coordinationMonitoring done by EWEA;Preparedness activities need to go into AWPsFor countries in humanitarian and non humanitarian situation, investments in preparedness (to be included in AWPs) are not just about coordination and mechanism and UNICEF capacity to respond, but also increasingly to develop national capacities for prevention, mitigation, preparedness and responseAll COs need to be prepared to work toward achieving the relevant CCC commitments. The CCCs include a set of preparedness actions for each commitment, to help ensure UNICEF and its partners are better equipped to achieve the CCCs in time of crisis.On sector / cluster coordination (the first commitment for Nutrition, Health, WASH, Child Protection, and Education), the first preparedness action calls on clarifying the responsibilities of UNICEF and partners. Not doing so in preparedness may mean the responsibility will be assigned in the response without a plan in place to deliver.The key tool to monitor the readiness of a CO to respond to an emergency is the Early Warning Early Action system. In its Key Action section, the EWEA sets out context-specific preparedness activities that guide each Country Office in self-assessing its own readiness and that facilitate RO/HQ‟s support.Preparedness activities should be part of every CO’s Annual Work Plans, with related costs covered by proposals and fundraising strategies.
6What is new – Humanitarian Reform Humanitarian reform has changed the way we work as humanitarian agencies:Cluster approachFinancingHumanitarian leadershipPartnershipsThe CCCs have been updated, but remain the same in their essence. This updating reflects changes that have occurred in the broader humanitarian context.UNICEF has made a number of commitments as part of Humanitarian Reform, and the CCCs needed to be adjusted to reflect these in our core humanitarian policy.Humanitarian reform has changed the way we work as humanitarian agencies, with clear and defined accountabilities assigned, and emphasizing the importance of partnerships. Through and within the clusters, UNICEF -as lead and as partner-is given a real opportunity to achieve the CCCs. The clusters should therefore be viewed as a key tool to implement and achieve the CCCs.
7What is new – Results orientation Results-oriented, with clear Strategic Results, Commitments and Benchmarks for each sectorStrategic results articulate goals aligned to global standards to which UNICEF contributes.Commitments and Benchmarks are defined as results based on recent evidence and best practices.Fulfillment depends on many factors, including availability of partners and resources, both human and financialThird, the CCCs bring a stronger results focus to UNICEF humanitarian action for children, from a strategic level of engagement with partners through to more specific actions that UNICEF will support directly. Each sector contains specific:Strategic ResultsCommitmentsBenchmarksIn general we cannot forget that:-UNICEF’s ability to fulfill CCCs is clearly linked to its partners’ ability to deliver on the ground.-It may be difficult to fulfill CCCs if UNICEF can’t find partners or if partners are already funded. Advocacy will be the main tool in such casesExample of results based commitment for Water, Sanitation and Hygiene-former CCCs: “ Ensure the availability of a minimum safe drinking water supply taking into account the privacy, dignity and security of women and girls”-New CCCs: Commitment 2:” Children and women access sufficient water of appropriate quality and quantity for drinking, cooking and maintaining personal hygiene” – benchmark 2:” Children and women have access to at least 7,5-15 liters of clean water per day’” [NB this benchmark frequently causes debate as it exceeds some normal conditions]Example of results based commitment for Child Protection-former CCCs: “Ensure that family tracing systems are implemented with appropriate care and protection facilities”-New CCCs: Commitment 2: “Separation of children from families is prevented and addressed and family based care is promoted” – benchmark 2 :“All unaccompanied children are identified and are in family-bases care of an appropriate alternative”.
8What is UNICEF committing to? Ensure the situation of children and women is monitoredRespond in defined programme sectors where resources and partners allowAdvocate with governments and other partners to ensure that the benchmarks are achievedEnsure minimum preparedness in defined programme sectors and within UNICEFUNICEF’s commitments are to:Ensure the situation of children and women is monitored, to ensure that all humanitarian emergencies are detected, including slow onset emergencies.UNICEF will also respond within defined programme sectors to contribute to the sectoral results and activities, to the extent that availability of funding and presence of partners allow.UNICEF is also committed to advocating on behalf of children and women with government and other partners humanitarian situations to ensure that the benchmarks are achieved, through UNICEF programmes or other means. This means UNICEF and the CCCs are relevant in contexts where UNICEF and IASC partners have limited programmes.UNICEF is committed to ensure a minimum emergency preparedness in each of the CCC sectors and clusters, as well as within UNICEF.
9What is UNICEF’s role?UNICEF’s role varies depending on context and who has comparative advantage. May include:promoting CCCs through advocacy,leadership,cluster roles (lead and/or member),Role of UNICEF within humanitarian country teams, etc.UNICEF’s role in helping to meet the benchmarks will vary depending on the context and comparative advantage.Depending on the situation, UNICEF’s role may include promoting CCCs through advocacy, leadership, cluster roles, or within humanitarian country teams.In general we cannot forget that:-UNICEF’s ability to fulfill CCCs is clearly linked to its partners’ ability to deliver on the ground.-It may be difficult to fulfill CCCs if UNICEF can’t find partners or if partners are already funded. Advocacy will be the main tool in such cases
10What are UNICEF’s cluster commitments? Ensure effective leadership and interagency coordinationAlways on preparedness (clarify UNICEF and partners cluster responsibility)Articulated under 1st commitment for Nutrition, Health, WASH, Child Protection and EducationUNICEF’s role in country often mirrors global role, but varies according to capacity and contextThe CCCs reaffirm UNICEF’s cluster commitments. At the country level, UNICEF always has the responsibility on preparedness and to support coordination mechanisms in accordance with Cluster Lead Agency and CCCs obligations.The CCCs spell out these obligations under the first commitment for Nutrition, Health, WASH, Child Protection, and Education, which commit UNICEF to ensure that sectoral coordination takes place, whether there is a formal cluster approach in place or whether UNICEF is the designated lead at country level. This commitment is always in place.In most humanitarian situations, UNICEF’s role as global lead will apply in country. In some situations, UNICEF may not be best placed to lead that sector because of country context. But it always commits to ensure this coordination takes place and is supported by UNICEF. These responsibilities should be clarified and strengthened in preparedness, as called for under the Programme actions. Not doing so in preparedness may mean the responsibility will be assigned in the response without a plan in place to deliver. This is also true for cross-cutting areas, e.g. that issues such as HIV are mainstreamed in sector responses.
11When are the CCCs used? In all countries on: PreparednessSituation monitoring of women and childrenIn both rapid onset, slow onset and protracted humanitarian situationsSince the CCCs include preparedness, the CCCs always apply. Preparedness is always required.In response, the CCCs apply to both rapid onset and protracted humanitarian situations. The threshold for a situation becoming ‘humanitarian’ will vary from country to country depending on that country’s capacity. It may include smaller-scale emergencies in countries with limited capacities.The CCCs include a commitment to monitor the situation of women and children to allow COs to determine when the threshold of humanitarian situations is reached. This does not mean that UNICEF must necessarily do the monitoring itself, but support the development of national monitoring and draw from available data. This entails focus on acquisition of the best data available as well as analysis, including the identification of key gaps.With preparedness and monitoring always in effect, ongoing contextual analysis may trigger assessments, which in turn trigger a CCC structured response. The CCCs commit UNICEF to contextual analysis, and UNICEF COs therefore have an obligation to have a sufficiently good contextual awareness so they know when to trigger a humanitarian assessment.
12CCCs: Core Commitments for Children Content: Hierarchy of ResultsCCCs: Core Commitments for ChildrenStrategic ResultCommitments – the first commitment in each sector refers to coordination or cluster lead (when relevant) aligning UNICEF’s commitments in humanitarian reform with the CCCs.Benchmarks – aligned with globally accepted standards including SPHERE and INEEThe CCCs constitute a great tool to structure UNICEF`s engagement in emergencies.Firstly at the strategic level, the results are premised on corresponding benchmarks derived from global standards in the respective programme areas (stemming from Sphere and INEE).-Example of alignment to standards for nutrition” the nutritional status of girls, boys and women is protected from the effects of humanitarian crisis”Secondly, associated to each strategic result are commitments and benchmarks which are formulated as measurable results-Example from Child Protection:Commitment 3: Key child protection mechanisms are strengthened in emergency-affected areas.and the corresponding Benchmark:Benchmark 3: A plan is in place for preventing and responding to major child protection risks, building on existing systems; safe environments are established for the most vulnerable children.Important to note that the first commitment for sectoral/cluster coordination is for ensuring that this coordination takes place, whether there is a cluster approach activated or whether UNICEF is in the lead.
13CCCs: Core Commitments for Children Content: Technical Justification and Programme ActionsCCCs: Core Commitments for ChildrenTechnical JustificationProgramme Actions:UNICEF has identified keypreparedness,response and early recovery actions to contribute to each sectoral commitment, based on evidence available and best practice, recognizing that partners will employ diverse strategies to work towards global benchmarks for children in humanitarian action.Thirdly, a technical justification is provided for each sector-Example: Child Protection, Experience demonstrates that humanitarian situations both exacerbate existing protection risks and create new ones. The prevention and programmatic response to specific violations committed against children – such as the separation of children from their families; association with armed forces and groups; exposure to GBV, landmines and unexploded ordinance; and psychosocial distress – are supported by the development and implementation of inter-agency guidelines in these areas. There is also increasing recognition of the need to strengthen a range of child protection mechanisms to prevent and respond to various forms of violence, abuse and exploitation (see UNICEF Child Protection Strategy, 20 May 2008).Fourthly, for each sector a set of illustrative Programme Actions has been identified, within preparedness, response and early recovery. These are based on evidence available and best practice, recognizing that partners will employ diverse strategies to work towards global benchmarks for children in humanitarian action-example of a programme action for Child Protection in preparedness phase: “Clarify the responsibilities of UNICEF and its partners regarding child protection in humanitarian situations.”-example of a programme action in response phase for Child Protection: ”Advocate immediately for family-based care for separated children, and work to prevent separation during displacement and extreme economic hardship.”-example of a programme action early recovery oriented: ”Support partners in identifying, monitoring and reporting on serious protection concerns to trigger response and advocacy.”
14CCCs: Core Commitments for Children Content: Operational CommitmentsCCCs: Core Commitments for ChildrenOperational commitments now also include definedpreparedness andresponse actionsSome operational commitments also include early recovery actionsOperational commitments now include preparedness.-Example of preparedness:Security: Ensure that an assessment is undertaken of all the relevant security risks associated with the humanitarian response plan.-Example of response:Human Resources: Reassign and/or redeploy staff within the CO and RO to support emergency response, or redeploy staff within the region.Early Recovery is included where needed – for example:Resource mobilization: Participate in early recovery needs assessments, including post-conflict and post-disaster needs assessments, to ensure that the rights of children and women are prioritized and that the assessment, national prioritization and costing of needs of children and women are included in advocacy for adequate funding through donor mobilization processes.
15What are the Cross-cutting commitments? (detailed in Chapter 1) Normative:Programme Areas:Humanitarian PrinciplesHIV and AIDSHuman Rights-Based ApproachAdvocacyGender EqualityCommunication for Development‘Do No Harm’Programme Processes:Coordinated Approach:Contextual analysisIntegrated programme approach (including DRR)Monitoring, analysis and assessmentRisk management and assessmentPartnershipsInter-agencyThese interrelated Commitments are based on existing UNICEF policies and normative frameworks and apply to all Programmes and each Sector Response.The cross-cutting commitments can be roughly categorised under four inter-related areas: Normative Frameworks; Programme Processes; Cross-cutting Programme Areas and Coordinated Approaches.Examples of how these are applied in the Programme actions:Disaster risk reduction (DRR):training of health workers for emergency action;contingency planning for WASH, including in learning environments;strengthening nutrition information systems.Gender equality:Pre-positioning gender-sensitive sanitation and hygiene suppliessupport the resumption of age-, gender- and culturally appropriate structured activities for children and womenHIV and AIDS:ensure appropriate counselling regarding infant feeding options and follow-up and support for HIV-positive mothersprevention, protection, inclusion and support regarding HIV and AIDS (in education).These apply to all programmes and are mainstreamed in each sector response
16Objective of CCC Performance Monitoring To support the CO in managing performance in humanitarian action in line with the revised CCCsIn coordination with operational partnersIn support of coordination across humanitarian system, especially clustersWhere possible linking to/ building up national monitoring and reporting systemsTo reinforce accountability for CCCs at UNICEF CO, RO and HQ levels.Objective of the CCC PMTo strengthen CO performance management of UNICEF humanitarian action in line with the revised CCCs, contributing to a more predictable, effective and timely humanitarian action of UNICEF, its operational and Cluster partners.The CCC PM will feed into and support Cluster and Humanitarian Country Team performance management, therefore contributing to more effective humanitarian coordinationWhere ever possible it is intended to link to national monitoring and reporting systems including UNICEF supported monitoring activities in the existing Country Programme.To reinforce accountability in line with the revised CCCs at UNICEF CO-RO-HQ levelsThe CCC PM is being developed in line with the ongoing developments to UNICEF wider organizational Performance Management System.[Note monitoring of preparedness continues to be done via the EWEA]
17What is the CCC PM system? The CCC PM system is to be adapted to each country contextThe CCC PM system is a logically connected:results framework aligned to CCC benchmarksa set of data collection methods and toolsfeeding into key planning and management processesframed in an M&E planprocessed for managers and decision-makers thru ‘dashboards’ pulling in data from different systems (latter not yet developed)It is understood that the CCC PM must be adapted to country context. There are a number of variables that will define what is required to achieve effective CCC PM as well as what is possible.CO capacity -- financial and human resourcesCapacity of Clusters – what is the status of development of the clusters and to what degree is there a clear strategy, response , common indicators and frequency of reporting; also resources and staffingOCHA’s capacity – are they fulfilling an Information Management support role for coordination, tracking the 3Ws, coordinating needs assessment exercises and/or follow-up cross-sectoral data collectionNational capacity is similarly a factor. CCC PM must not undermine any existing Performance Management or Monitoring efforts of national partners;There are some common elements that will found in any CO with CCC PM in place:A results framework aligning planned results in the Appeal to the CCC benchmarks and indicators. This sets out how UNICEF intend to measure performance in a given emergency. The planned results and specific indicators will vary according to the scope of humanitarian action and the context – what is feasible in data collection. However, the common framework of benchmarks and menu of indicators brings this together in a global systemA set of data collection methods and tools feeding into key planning and management processes (i.e. chosen anticipating how and when they will be used) and laid out in an M&E Plan (to ensure adequate resources). In a rapid onset emergency, this may be a stand alone light IMEP. In countries with ongoing humanitarian situations or even regular seasonal emergencies, CCC PM will be built into the annual IMEP.The system also requires regular PM data feeding back to decision-makers. This will eventually be supported by a data management dashboard that helps pull data from different systems and summarized them for managers.
18How does UNICEF fund the CCCs in response Reprogram Regular Resources within the country programme budget, or reprogram Other Resources;Request internal loan – Emergency Programme FundApply to CERFAppeals – IND, FlashCAP (inter-agency) and HAR (UNICEF)
19How do the CCCs contribute to UNICEF’s equity agenda? Guided by the humanitarian principle of humanity, basing assistance on need;By ensuring that the needs of the most vulnerable are highlighted by needs assessmentsBy ensuring that vulnerable populations impacted by humanitarian emergencies receive a package of high impact, evidence based interventionsBy employing service delivery modes (e.g., mass campaigns, support to community health workers) that have been proven to reach the most vulnerableBy ensuring monitoring of coverage of these interventions through the CCC PM
20CCCs: Core Commitments for Children CCCs RolloutCCCs: Core Commitments for ChildrenEMOPS leading, but shared responsibility across HQ, ROs and COsStrategy emphasizes different needs for different audiences (within UNICEF, with partners)Aim: Orientation for all staff and humanitarian partnersSupport:Regional Emergency AdvisersRegional MeetingsDROPS meetingsSectoral and Operation: Regional and Headquarters advisersCross-cutting issues: EMOPSTools (all online):Presentations (internal and external)Q&APamphlete-learning (under development)Our key message internally is that even though EMOPS is the custodian of the CCCs and will track the roll-out, responsibility is shared for effective dissemination and roll-out. This means ROs and COs need to take the lead in roll out within their regions and countries, in both preparedness and ongoing humanitarian situations.Rollout is not one size fits all. There is recognition of the different needs of UNICEF staff – in different offices and at different levels – partners (both operational and cluster); Governments; and donors. Rollout needs to be tailored to each.Externally this means targeting:Globally: National level:Clusters Operational partnersNGOs & UN agencies, ICRC Cluster partnersStandby partners GovernmentsDonors & NatComs Donors & NatComsRegional support comes from the Regional Emergency Advisers, and sectoral and operational advisers.Sectoral and Operational focal points at HQ can support at the technical level, with EMOPS supporting on cross-cutting issues.Tools for the rolloutPresentations tailored for staff and partners (ready and being revised based on feedback)Q&A for internal use to help with some of the more challenging issues that have come upWe have developed a pamphlet that complements the CCCs and is meant to be used in conjunction to present the CCCs externallyAn e-learning tool is under development
21Your feedback is welcome, especially suggestions for the roll-out Thank You