Presentation on theme: "British Red Cross in the First World War Voluntary Aid Detachments (VADs)"— Presentation transcript:
British Red Cross in the First World War Voluntary Aid Detachments (VADs)
An introduction The First World War (also known as World War I or WWI) started in August 1914 and ended with an armistice (cease fire) on 11 November 1918. Around 10 million soldiers and 7 million civilians were killed in the war. A further 20 million people were wounded. The British Red Cross played a vital role during the war, supporting those affected by it in many ways. Much of this was done by volunteers.
Joint War Committee At the start of WWI, the British Red Cross joined together with the Order of St John to create the Joint War Committee (JWC). They worked together to co-ordinate activities and raise money. The government worked closely with the JWC throughout the war. At the heart of these activities were Voluntary Aid Detachments.
Voluntary Aid Detachments, or VADs, were single-sex units of volunteers. A male unit had around 40 volunteers. A female unit had 20 volunteers and 3 staff. VAD became the nickname for a unit, but a single volunteer was also known as a VAD. By the end of the war in 1918 there were over 90,000 volunteers across Britain, Europe and the Middle East. Voluntary Aid Detachments
Volunteers performed a range of roles during the war: Auxiliary nurse (support nurse) Hospital cook Driver Finding missing and wounded soldiers Transporting supplies to hospitals and prison camps Carrying stretchers and wounded away from front line (male VADs) Air raid duty Volunteer Roles
VADs often had to work in difficult and sometimes dangerous situations. They saw the effects of war first hand, as they dealt with injuries, shell shock, burying the dead, and telling families about their loved ones. VADs were even asked to be responsible for Air raid duty, as the Red Cross emblem was thought to make people behave calmly. Helping in a crisis
Despite the hardship and horror of war, being a VAD also provided many people with new opportunities. Letters, memory albums and photographs show us that many VADs had happy times working with others and being able to help or care for others. Many women had greater freedom and responsibility by being VADs. Hope and joy
Many VADs gained useful experience out of their wartime volunteering. The British Red Cross and the Order of St John provided training and professional exams. They also rewarded service and achievement with honours and ‘stripes’ for volunteers to sew on their uniform. After the war, more women had paid jobs and this was partly due to the role they had played as VADs. Work experience
The most important thing VADs did in WWI was treat all people humanely, no matter what side they were on. Being humane means providing care, showing empathy, and avoiding cruelty. Humane treatment Providing care for the sick and wounded and helping to clothe and feed prisoners of war are examples of humane treatment. Today, humane actions like this form part of International Humanitarian Law (IHL). IHL is also known as the ‘rules of war’.
The British Red Cross has created a website with information about individual VADs and about the important contributions they made during the First World War. You can search the website to see what VADs did near you, or perhaps find information about relatives or family friends that may have worked as VADs. Remembering those who gave