Presentation on theme: "Why Do People Migrate Within a Country? C3K4. Objectives Migration between regions within the United States. Migration between regions in other countries."— Presentation transcript:
Why Do People Migrate Within a Country? C3K4
Objectives Migration between regions within the United States. Migration between regions in other countries. Migration within one region.
Migration Between Regions Within the United States Colonial Settlement: population concentration along Atlantic coast. Why? Intervening obstacles (mountains, thick forests, and hostile Indians)
Migration Between Regions Within the United States Early Settlement in the Interior: transportation improvement opened up settlement. How? Erie Canal linked NYC to Great Lakes. Allowed farmers to move west.
Migration Between Regions Within the United States Migration to California: Gold Rush & unsuitable farm land in the great plains rapidly sped the way for the population center to shift west.
Migration Between Regions Within the United States Settlement of the Great Plains: rate slowed westward b/c European migration Land grants and technological improvements to farm Great Plains
Migration Between Regions Within the United States Recent growth of the South: pop moved 250 miles west (1940 to 2000). Moved southward 75 mi. Why? Jobs and climate (area known = Sunbelt)
Migration Between Regions in Other Countries Russia: built mines and factories near raw materials. Far North: 45% of land (< 2% pop) solution? Forced migration Collapse of USSR: ended government sponsored “optimal locations” for factories.
Brazil New Capital: Brazil moved capital 600 miles to the interior. Why?
Indonesia Indonesia: incentives to move from Java (2/3 pop) to other islands. One-way air ticket, 5 acres, building material, seeds, and pesticides, and a year worth of rice.
Europe Follow the $$$: former colonies and poorer European countries migrated North and West.
India Gov. Permits: limit migration within to protect local economies and ethnic identity.
Migration Within One Region Urbanization Trend MDC: ¾ urban population LDC: since 1982 same trend is happening (23% to 42% in Asia)
Migration from urban to Suburban Areas MDC: intraregional migration from cities to suburbs (2:1 ratio) Pull factor: NOT JOBS but WHAT? Bigger, access, & more privacy
Migration from Urban to Rural Areas Counterurbanization: MDC experienced more people moving to rural than moving to urban. WHY? Rat race versus the farm What makes it possible? Modern communications & transportation
Gentrification: the restoration of run-down urban areas by the middle class (resulting in the displacement of low-income residents).