2I open the book, I read the book, I close the book and I sell the book.
3A DIRECT OBJECT is a noun which is directly acted upon by the verb. If you say, “I see the house” the house is what is seen, and is the direct object:and, “I want the book” the book is what is wanted and is the direct object.Often we do not say the direct object noun, but instead use the direct object pronoun.For example, if I want to say, “”I want the book”, I might say, “I want it.”“it” in this case represents the direct object noun and is a direct object pronoun.So we can say, “He has the answer.” or “He has it.”“I see the house.” or “I see it.”“He sees John and me.” or “He sees us.”“We need the records.” or “We need them.”“it”, “them” and “us” replace the direct object nounsand are direct object pronouns.
4Spanish does almost the same as English. In Spanish you say, “Yo veo a María.” (I see Mary.)María is who is seen and is the direct object noun.Or you can say, “Yo la veo.” (I see her)“la” replaces María, the direct object noun and is a direct object pronoun.“Yo quiero el libro.” (I want the book.)“el libro” is what is wanted and is the direct object noun.“Yo lo quiero.” (I want it.)“lo” represents “el libro” and is a direct object pronoun.
5DIRECT OBJECT PRONOUNS me “me”nos “us”te “you”corresponding to túos “you all” (you plural)lo “it” refers to something masc.(like el libro)“him” or “you” (formal masc.- Ud)los “them” or “you all”when all masc. ormixed masc./fem.oula “it” refers to something fem.(like la casa)“her” or “you” (formal fem. – Ud.)las “them” or “you all”when all is feminine
6Name the DOP (direct object pronoun) la películalas computadoras(a) Pepe, María y tú(a) Pepe, María y yo(a) los chicos(a) Uds.los lápices(a) ellosla escuelael perro(a) ti(a) mí
7PLACEMENT OF DOP 1. DOP can ALWAYS go before the conjugated verb. 2. DOP can go after and be attached to:infinitivespresent particples*affirmative commands