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Tape in Your Warm up and Complete

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Presentation on theme: "Tape in Your Warm up and Complete"— Presentation transcript:

1 Tape in Your Warm up and Complete
10/18/11 Justify Your Answer Choice: II- PRACTICE: Prelab Notes III- APPLICATION IV –CONNECTIONS: V -EXIT: 3-5 Summary Sentences 9/29/30 I -STARTER: Warm up III- APPLICATION Tape in Your Warm up and Complete Justify Your Answer Choice: IV –CONNECTIONS: about elements. Put Safety Contract on page 12. Syllabus on pg Set up your first “notes” pages on page 14 and 15. This is the beginning of a great journal!

2 I: Starter Turn to your next blank page and write the date at the top.
Tape your warm up directly underneath and complete! Justify you r answer out to the side of your warm up.

3 ? Water or Not??? II: Practice
Please take notes in this section to prepare for the lab we will be completing in today’s application section. ?

4 Let’s do a quick review…

5 What is a element? Pure substance that can not be chemically broken down What is a compound? 2 or more atoms chemically combined that cannot be physically pulled apart Are Elements found on the Periodic Table? Yes Are Compounds found on the Periodic Table? No.

6 What is a physical change?
Rearranges molecules but doesn’t affect their internal structures. Some examples: Whipping egg whites – air is forced into the fluid, but no new substance is produced! Sugar dissolving in water – sugar molecules are spread within the water, but the individual sugar molecules are unchanged Boiling water –water molecules are forced away from each other when the liquid changes to vapor, but molecules are still H2O Dicing potatoes – cutting usually separates molecules without changing them.

7 What is a chemical change?
Any change that results in the formation of new chemical substances. At the molecular level, chemical change involves the making or breaking of bonds between atoms. These changes are chemical: Iron rusting – Iron oxide forms through the reaction of iron and oxygen in the presence of water or air moisture. Gasoline burning – when gasoline is burned in car engines, water vapor and carbon dioxide form. Bread rising – Yeast changes carbohydrates into carbon dioxide gas. Milk souring – When bacteria use the lactose sugars in milk they change the sugar and sour-tasting lactic acid is produced.

8 SIGNS OF CHEMICAL CHANGE (How can you tell?)
Gas Formation – a gas is formed & released as the reaction is completing (NOT the same as boiling) Solid formation (precipitate) – a solid “rains down” to the bottom of the container, may be suspended in a cloudy solution Temperature Change – It takes energy to break chemical bonds. Energy is released (heat) OR energy is absorbed (cold). Color Change – Not the same as mixing colors. Light is given off Change in smell (or taste)

9 Last week we looked at 2 liquids that appeared to be identical:
H2O H2O2 Hydrogen peroxide water

10 What do we know about these 2 compounds so far?
Water It’s chemical formula is H2O It is drinkable. May be used to clean wounds. What happens when water is put on a wound?

11 Hydrogen Peroxide It’s chemical formula is H2O2
In its pure form could be fatal swallowed!! Antiseptic that is an effective way to clean wounds. What happens when Hydrogen Peroxide is put on a cut? It causes bubbles What are these bubbles a sign of? A Chemical Reaction

12 Details of how Hydrogen Peroxide works
Hydrogen Peroxide is 3% H2O2 and 97% water Blood cells contain an enzyme called catalase When you get a cut or scrape both blood and damaged cells release catalase

13 Details of how Hydrogen Peroxide works
When H2O2 comes into contact with catalase a chemical reaction occurs 2H2O2 + catalase H2O + O2 The reaction causes the peroxide to turn into pure oxygen Bubbles are the release of the extra oxygen gas

14 Water or Not??? III: Application
For today’s application we are going to be working in groups to figure out Water or Not??? Your group will receive 2 cups of clear liquid We CAN NOT test on humans in this class! No drinking the liquids No putting the liquids on any body parts

15 So how can we test to see if the liquids are H2O or H2O2 ???
With a potato

16 III: Application Draw the set up that has been passed out to each group showing both cups of liquid Gently place one slice of potato into cup A Observe and draw/label reaction Repeat for cup B You should label as appropriate in each picture: Potato Hydrogen Peroxide Water Oxygen Bubbles

17 Clean Up When done carefully remove potato slice with plastic spoon, place in paper towel, and dispose in trash. Return cups with remaining liquid and supplies as provided to you at beginning of experiment.

18 IV: Connections V: Exit
Describe why it is important to clean cuts with hydrogen peroxide a couple of times a day for several days after injury? V: Exit Summarize what you have learned during this lesson. (3-4 sentences, please!)

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