Presentation on theme: "A Nordic conference on workbased learning – Learning for Life"— Presentation transcript:
1The dual system of vocational education and youth coaching programme in Austria A Nordic conference on workbased learning –Learning for LifeIceland,25,September 2014Ingeborg FriehsPublic Employment Service Austria
2The Austrian dual system What?Duration: 2-4 yearsEmployment contract with the firm (special type –apprenticeship), remuneration80% company- based learning, 20% school200+ different professions with standardised curriculaFinal examination –diploma of completing a vocational educationPossibility of passing an entry exam for university after completing the apprenticeship
3The Austrian dual system Who?40% of each cohort, approx apprenticesUsually after finishing compulsory school ( age 15)Offers opportunities also for weaker pupilsSupport for disadvantaged and those who couldn`t find an apprenticeship in a company : supra –company apprenticeship (training guarantee) and integrated vocational education (one year more than usual)
4The Austrian dual system How to find an apprenticeship position?Usually the young person applies directly at the companySupport of the PES to find a companyIf no apprenticeship place can be found, young people can do a supra –company apprenticeship
5The Austrian dual system Why do firms offer apprenticeship positions?Long established system, widely recognised tradition to offer apprenticeship positions, ( enterprises, each company needs a person who has a training authority)Investing in company-specific knowledgePreventing shortage of skilled workers
6The Austrian dual system Essential role of social partnership:For companies and employees it is obligatory to be a member of the Chamber of Commerce or the Chamber of labour respectively.Those two chambers are strongly committed to the apprenticeship system.They are strongly involved, in particular with regard to the deveopment of new trades or the adaption of the curricula.The overall orientation of the dual system has a strong focus on business needs.
7The Austrian dual system Financing :Enterprises develop voluntary at one`s own expense ( the whole training in the firm as well as the remuneration to the apprentices)Low remuneration – corresponding to the fact that apprentices are basically in a learning position but not in a full productive working position:Approx. 420€ in the first year, 540€ in the second,770€ in the third and 840€ in the fourth year( the remuneration is higher in the metal processing industry ). – Corresponds to 10-20% of a skilled workers salary in the first year and 20-50% in the third year of apprenticeship.Schools (equippment, teachers) are financed by StateSupra- company apprenticeship training is completely financed by State
8The Austrian dual system Subsidies to employers:Yearly basic subsidy: It amounts to three times the apprentisceship compensation in the first year, two times in the second and once in the third and fourth yearAdditional quality related subsidies ( for every final examination with excellent grades, support for further education of trainers, measures for apprentices with learning deficits…)Special incentives for specific target groups ( women in male- dominated occupations, disadvantaged ) , offered by PES or fundings for apprentices with disabilities, offered by the Federal Social Service
9The Austrian dual system Advantages from a labour market perspective:Training takes place under conditions of a real work lifeAlways „state of the art“ – more flexibility to respond to technical progress in comparison to a school system.Labour market access is easier after completing the training (work practice available, training company knows the strengths and weaknesses of the individual young person)Better prospects for disadvantaged, late developed and weak young personsTraining takes place predominately in productive work situation. This reduces costs and reinforces the learning motivation of the young people.
10The Austrian dual system Challenges:Change in the skills that are demanded. Focus is changing to more adapability and skills that are easier to inpart in schools. Frequently enterprises have to take over the role of the young people´s home regarding to learn a good behave.Trend towards a higher qualification and education, which allow directly entering into university with the consequence that predominantly weaker young people ore those who don`t want to go to school any more are candidates for apprenticeships.- Leads to a loss of image.Instability of jobs and apprenticeship positions is increasing and also the continuance in a company after completion has been decreasing. - Leads to uncertainty.In particular sectors (e.g.tourism), there is a shortage of apprentices while in sum more people are looking for an apprenticeship than positions are offered.Gender segregation and persons with migration background are underrepresented –a better vocational orientation becomes more important.
11The Austrian dual system Supracompany apprenticeship:Since 1998 offer of additional apprenticeship places (employment package), since 2008 training guaranteeTarget group. Those who couldn`t find an apprenticeship position or who did drop out of a company- based apprenticeshipThe priority is, to find an apprenticeship position within a companyTwo types:Supra –company apprenticeship training is carried out by an educational institution:Theoretical training in a vocational schoolPractical training offered by the educational institutionTraining contract during the entire time of apprenticeship, (if necessary) between the educational institution and the apprenticeGoal: completion of apprenticeship (ideally in a firm)
12The Austrian dual system Cooperation between an educational institution and a private company:Theoretical training in a vocational schoolPractical training in a companyTraining contract betwen the educational institution and the apprentice ( usually 1 year)Goal: transfer to apprenticeship in a companyParticipants receive comprehensive support:Socio-pedagogical counselling,learning support, assistence with job search or apprenticeship search
13The Austrian dual system Allowance for participants: € 270 per month in the first and second year, € 600 per month from the third year Places in supracompany apprenticeship training entities: around Budget 2012/13: around 175Mio €, expenses per person and year: around € Labour market integration within one year: more than 50%
14Youth Coaching Programme Target group: young people and people not in education, employment or training (NEETS)Goal: to keep young people within the education and training system as long as possible andEfforts are made to ensure that those who have already left the system will be offered the chance to resume their education or training.Youth Coaching has been created to ensure the interface of advice, guidance and support for young people from the end of compulsory school until such time as they are fully integrated into continuing training or educational programmes.Fields of support and advice are education and employment issues as well as personal issues
15Youth Coaching Programme Coaches offer free support and are responsible to cooperate and communicate with different programme partners (employment services, the federal social office, schools, municipalities, projects, training institutions, external counselling institutions)The pilot of this programme started in with about participants and has been implemented in 2013 nationwide with around persons.Result of the pilot-evaluation: Only 15% oft he participants dropped out or left the programme without a specific goal orientation, the programme turned out to be very successful.The programme is carried out by the Federal Social Office.