Presentation on theme: "Chapter 7 Health Kinds of Verbs, Pronouns, Phrases, and Clauses Part 1: verb+ object+ infinitive+ modal verbs: should, had better-have to - must Part 2:"— Presentation transcript:
Chapter 7 Health Kinds of Verbs, Pronouns, Phrases, and Clauses Part 1: verb+ object+ infinitive+ modal verbs: should, had better-have to - must Part 2: Reflexive Pronouns ; tag questions Part 3: Relative Clauses What do you do to stay healthy? I exercixe-- How often do you visit the doctor? Once a -- How often do you exercise? Once- twice a--
Part 1/ verbs+ object + infinitive modal verbs; should, had better- have to – must /p 196 I should see doctor Frank She advised me to take some pills—told me to drink--- should I get you some water– I didn’t want to take all—I decided to go---I’d better change my eating habit- she persuaded me to buy a lot of food- I tried to eat some- the therapist want you to do? – she advised me to read. I must learn to relax- the instructor taught me to stand- I have to learn how to breath c/w discussion questions page 197
7.1/ Verb+ Object+ infinitive Verbs Examples Allow him to go Convince him to stay Expect her to leave Invite them to come Tell them to buy Want them to study Advice-allow- ask- convince- enable- encourage- expect- force- instruct- invite- order- persuade- remind- teach- tell- train- want- warn H.W page 199-200Class work page 198
7.2 / Modal Verbs Should : is used for advice. You should see a doctor Had better: is used for strong advise and warning. You had better get some help. I’d better call. Have to: is used for personal obligation. I have to go. She has to study. Must : is used for necessity and great urgency. You must bring your passport. Notes: verbs after modals are always in simple present tense.
Part 2/ Reflexive Pronouns Tag Questions/page 204 Reflexive Pronouns; You should be proud of yourself. The man weighing himself. These people--- themselves. We keep to ourselves. You enjoy yourself. I am going to hurt myself. My brother injured himself. I am going to make myself. I may treat myself. c/w Discuss questions page 205 isn’t it? does he? aren’t they? are you? don’t you? Tag Question It is great He doesn’t think They are paying You are not stopping You aren’t going You want to lose weight
7.3 / Reflexive Pronouns/ page 206 Singular reflexive pronouns end with –self Myself- yourself- himself- herself- itself Plural reflexive pronouns end with- selves Themselves- yourselves- ourselves I want to see myself. You want to see yourself. He wants to see himself. She wants to see herself. We want to see ourselves. They want to see themselves. H.W page 206-207-208-209
7.4 Tag Questions Affirmative Statement/ take negative tag questions You are a member of this gym, aren’t you? Yes, I am.. Chen is exercising, isn’t he? Yes, he is. I have a fever, don’t I ? Meaning I do have a fever/ don’t I? He eats healthy food? Doesn’t he? Meaning he does eat.. You saw a doctor, didn’t you? Meaning you did see… You will take the medicine, won’t you? Negative statement take affirmative tag questions. You’re not getting sick, are you? No, he isn’t. She isn’t here now, is she? No, she isn’t. They don’t like carrot, do they? No, they don’t. He doesn’t smoke, does he? No, he doesn’t. You didn’t bring it, did you? No, I didn’t. H.W / p. 210-211
Part 3/ Relative Clauses/p. 213 C/W Discussion - 214 Who – which – that Are subjects of Relative clauses. They describe or give More information to The noun they follow. They have a subject And a verb. Who for people Which for things That for both Which I broke The boy who shares Who examined me The card you sent That he used That work That you cook Who brings our lunch
7.5/ Subject Pronouns /p 215 Examples I like the nurse who( that) brings the food. The bed that ( which) I sleep in is comfortable. Explanation: The Nurse is subject. Who that is subject pronoun The bed is subject. Which is a subject pronoun.
Changing from relative clauses to relative phrases The man who is sharing my room hates the food. The man sharing my room hates the food. The flowers that are on the table are beautiful. The flowers on the table are beautiful. All the people who work here are friendly. All the people working here are friendly. H.W-P. 216 7.6 Reduction of Relative Clauses to relative Phrases
7.7 Object Pronouns/ p. 217 Examples The people who/ whom you meet were nice. The food that we ate in the hospital was terrible. The injection which the doctor gave me was painful. Explanation Who- whom- that – which are objects of Relative clauses. The object pronouns who ( whom), that, and which are often left out of relative clauses. The injection the doctor gave me was painful. P.5/ H.W- p. 218