Presentation on theme: "7 Types of PRONOUNS. 7 KINDS OF PRONOUNS 1. PERSONAL = refers to persons, he, she 2. REFLEXIVE = refers back to the subject 3. INTENSIVE = emphasizes."— Presentation transcript:
7 KINDS OF PRONOUNS 1. PERSONAL = refers to persons, he, she 2. REFLEXIVE = refers back to the subject 3. INTENSIVE = emphasizes the subject 4. DEMONSTRATIVE = points to with gesture 5. INDEFINITE = unsure, some, few 6. INTERROGATIVE = question words, who 7. RELATIVE = relates 2 sentences (which)
PERSONAL PRONOUNS SINGULAR I, me, my, mine you, your, yours he, him, his she, her, hers it, its PLURAL we, us, our, ours you, you, yours they, them, their, theirs
What is an antecedent An antecedent is the noun that is being replaced. Ex: Mary ate all her vegetables. (Mary is the antecedent, her is the pronoun)
REFLEXIVE PRONOUNS reflect back to the subject Refers to the subject and is necessary for the sentence to make sense I saw myself in the mirror. Kim wrote a note to herself. They served themselves last. **HINT** ends in –self or –selves. If you take it out of the sentence and it doesn’t make sense, you need it, it’s reflexive!
INTENSIVE PRONOUN An intensive pronoun emphasizes its antecedent and is not needed for the sentence to make sense. I myself saw him. She herself organized the concert. The president himself has denied the rumor. *if you take out the underlined pronoun the sentence still makes sense. Ends in –self or -selves
DEMONSTRATIVE PRONOUNS POINT OUT A SPECIFIC PERSON, PLACE, THING OR IDEA I hate this. Did Megan give you that? She wants these. Will you be using those?
INDEFINITE PRONOUNS: REFER TO A PERSON, PLACE, THING OR AN IDEA THAT MAY OR NOT BE SPECIFICALLY NAMED Some like it hot. None wants it cold. All are happy. All are equal, but some are more equal.
INTERROGATIVE PRONOUNS: Introduces a question PRONOUNS USED TO ASK QUESTIONS What is the answer to the last question? Whose book is this? Who are you? Whom did you send to the store? **Who, Whom, Whose, What, Which**
RELATIVE PRONOUN RELATIVE PRONOUN RELATES TO A WORD THAT COMES BEFORE (ANTECEDENT) AND JOINS IT TO A DEPENDENT CLAUSE 2 JOBS: A PRONOUN + A CONNECTOR She is a woman. She runs for mayor. She is the woman, who runs for mayor. You saw the house. It is historical landmark. The house that you saw is a historical landmark.
RELATIVE PRONOUN CLAUSE A relative pronoun clause modifies a noun or a noun phrase. Relative clauses give essential information to define or identify the person or thing we are talking about. An example using the relative pronoun that in the sentence "This is the house that Jack built." Here that Jack built is a relative clause modifying the noun house.
RELATIVE PRONOUN CLAUSES (cont.) They are used to provide extra information. This information can either: define something (defining clause), Example: The girl who is standing there is a world champion in karate. or provide unnecessary, but interesting information (non-defining clause). Example: Michael Jackson, who was a famous singer, will always be known as the king of Pop music.