27 KINDS OF PRONOUNS PERSONAL = refers to persons, he, she REFLEXIVE = refers back to the subjectINTENSIVE = emphasizes the subjectDEMONSTRATIVE = points to with gestureINDEFINITE = unsure, some, fewINTERROGATIVE = question words, whoRELATIVE = relates 2 sentences (which)
3PERSONAL PRONOUNS 1st person 2nd person 3rd person SINGULAR I, me, my, mineyou, your, yourshe, him, hisshe, her, hersit, itsPLURALwe, us, our, oursyou, you, yoursthey, them, their, theirs1st person2nd person3rd person
4What is an antecedentAn antecedent is the noun that is being replaced.Ex: Mary ate all her vegetables.(Mary is the antecedent, her is the pronoun)
5REFLEXIVE PRONOUNS reflect back to the subject Congratulate yourself!REFLEXIVE PRONOUNS reflect back to the subjectherselfI saw myself in the mirror.Kim wrote a note to herself.They served themselves last.**HINT** ends in –self or –selves. If you take it out of the sentence and it doesn’t make sense, you need it, it’s reflexive!Refers to the subject and is necessary for the sentence to make sensehimselfitselfthemselvesrefer back to the subject
6emphasizes antecedent INTENSIVE PRONOUNemphasizes antecedentAn intensive pronoun emphasizes its antecedent and is not needed for the sentence to make sense.I myself saw him.She herself organized the concert.The president himself has denied the rumor.*if you take out the underlined pronoun the sentence still makes sense. Ends in –self or -selvesThe principal herself congratulated us.
7DEMONSTRATIVE PRONOUNS Want this?DEMONSTRATIVE PRONOUNSPOINT OUT A SPECIFIC PERSON, PLACE, THING OR IDEAI hate this.Did Megan give you that?She wants these.Will you be using those?thisthatthesethose
8some many few none all everybody both each Some like it hot. INDEFINITE PRONOUNS: REFER TO A PERSON, PLACE, THING OR AN IDEA THAT MAY OR NOT BE SPECIFICALLY NAMEDboth eachSome like it hot.None wants it cold.All are happy.All are equal, but some are more equal.
9INTERROGATIVE PRONOUNS: Introduces a question QUESTION WORDSwho whom whoseINTERROGATIVE PRONOUNS: Introduces a questionPRONOUNS USED TO ASK QUESTIONSWhat is the answer to the last question?Whose book is this?Who are you?Whom did you send to the store?**Who, Whom, Whose, What, Which**What's bugging you?Whom should I give this to?
10conjuction pronoun RELATIVE PRONOUN works as a pronoun RELATIVE PRONOUN RELATES TO A WORD THAT COMES BEFORE (ANTECEDENT) AND JOINS IT TO A DEPENDENT CLAUSE2 JOBS: A PRONOUN + A CONNECTORShe is a woman.She runs for mayor.She is the woman, who runs for mayor.You saw the house.It is historical landmark.The house that you saw is a historical landmark.works as apronoun
11RELATIVE PRONOUN CLAUSE A relative pronoun clause modifies a noun or a noun phrase.Relative clauses give essential information to define or identify the person or thing we are talking about.An example using the relative pronoun that in the sentence"This is the house that Jack built." Here that Jack built is a relative clause modifying the noun house.
12RELATIVE PRONOUN CLAUSES (cont.) They are used to provide extra information. This information can either:define something (defining clause), Example: The girl who is standing there is a world champion in karate.or provide unnecessary, but interesting information (non-defining clause). Example: Michael Jackson, who was a famous singer, will always be known as the king of Pop music.