Presentation on theme: "Individual needs within the health and social care sectors"— Presentation transcript:
1 Individual needs within the health and social care sectors Hazards in health and social care environments
2 What is the difference between a hazard and a risk? Hazard is the object thatcould potentially hurt someoneRisk is the harm it could do
3 Decide who might be at harm, and how. The Health & Safety Executive suggests the following five-point process:for HazardsDecide who might be at harm, and how.Evaluate the risks arising from the hazards and decide whether more should be done.For example in a nursery:Hazard – adult-size tablesRisk – children might hurt themselves on the cornersLevel of risk to children – highMinimise risk – buy small tables designed for childrenRisk – adults could hurt themselves on the cornersLevel of risk to adults - low
4 Record your findings. – using an assessment form Record your findings. – using an assessment form. This should show that:Checks have been madeHazards have been dealt withThe number of people affected has been consideredPrecautions have been taken to reduce the risk.5. Review your assessment from time to time and revise if necessary.
5 Hazards in care settings Hazards are all around you, but carefully managed they will do no harm. A safety audit in your chosen care setting will identify hazards and their associate risks and show how risks can be minimised.
6 ToysToys are not unsafe but can be the cause of some accidents for example:A toy intended for an older child is given to a younger child or a toy that has been left in the wrong place and people trip over them.Toys are involved in over 40,000 accidents each year (Royal Society for the prevention of Accidents, 2005).All toys bought in the UK must conform to the Toy Safety Regulations 1995.
7 Control of infectious diseases Hand washing – the most important way to prevent cross – infection is to wash your handsWearing gloves will offer a protective barrier against infection.Protective Clothing must be worn when:coming into contact with bodily fluids or wastes.Disposing of waste.Caring for someone who is being treated for an infection.Changing soiled linen.
8 Employers Employees UK laws put obligations on employers to ensure the health and safety oftheir employers. Employers mustensure:Employees also haveresponsibilities:Arrangements are made to ensure the health and safety of employeesTo take care of themselves and others who may be affected by what they do and what they fail to do.Equipment is safeTo cooperate with their employer in implementing health and safety regulations.Adequate health and safety training is providedNot to interfere with or misuse any equipment provided to meet health and safety requirements.The working environment does not put anyone at riskTo report any dangerous situations to the manager.A written safety policy is in placeThe workplace is kept in good conditionPersonal protective equipment, e.g. Gloves, overalls, uniforms, is provided free of charge to employeesThe workplace does not emit toxic fumes or dust.
9 Legislation covering particular hazards Relevant legislationRooms and outdoor areas that pose a riskHealth and Safety at Work Act 1974Unsafe furnishingsIncorrect storage of chemicalsControl of Substances Hazardous to Health (COSHH) Regulations 2002Inadequate control of infectious diseasesReporting of Injuries, Diseases and Dangerous Occurrences Regulations (RIDDOR) 1995FireFire Precautions (Workplace) Regulations 1997Lack of security measuresManual Handling Operations Regulations 1992Pollution of air and/ or waterControl of Substances Hazardous to Health (COSHH) Regulations 2002
10 Fire Precautions (Workplace) Regulations 1997 BUILDING EVACUATION PROCEDURES IN THEEVENT OF FIRE OR BOMB ALERT:Raising the alarmOn hearing the alarm: Staff in senior positions proceed to control pointAll other staff: Close windows and doors etcAssist able colleaguesCheck the locality is clearAssembly pointsDO NOT re-enter the building until you are told it is safe to do so.By law, all work places must have a fire risk assessment.There must be:A fire and evacuation procedureOne fire evacuation practice each year (some do more to ensure all employees, trainees or temporary workers are aware of how to act in an emergency)
11 Never ignore smoke or smell of burning Fire PrecautionsNever ignore smoke or smell of burningGo to the agreed assembly point so that someone knows you are out of the buildingDo not use lifts to evacuateStore flammable products appropriatelyKnow where fire-fighting equipment is keptDo not panicKnow the evacuation procedureDo not overload electrical appliancesEnsure you know which patients are in your care
12 Manual Handling Operations Regulations 1992 Poor lifting techniques result in many thousands of lost working hours due to injury.The Health & Safety Executive (HSE) has set out guidelines to follow to avoid muscular and skeletal injury.
13 Every workplace should have an accident report form. Reporting of Injuries, Diseases and Dangerous Occurrences Regulations (RIDDOR) 1995Information provided to the HSE can be used to perform risk assessments.Every workplace should have an accident report form.
14 Control of Substances Hazardous to Health (COSHH) Regulations 2002 The law is designed to ensure that employers control exposure to hazardous substances in the workplace.A member from the workplace should be responsible for implementing the guidelines of COSHH
15 Methods of disposal of waste Type of waste Method of disposal Clinical waste, e.g. Used wound dressings, bandages, nappies, sanitary dressings, soiled glovesYellow bag – when the bag is full, carefully seal and tag it indicating where the waste has come from, e.g. Labour ward, paediatrics, accident and emergency. This waste is burnt in an incinerator.Sharps, e.g. Needles, glass, syringesYellow sharps box – when the box is full, seal and tag it indicating location of box.Body fluids, e.g. vomit, urine, faeces, blood, sputumWash down the sluice drain, and disinfect.Dirty and soiled sheets and linenRed bag – seal and send to the laundry (the bag will disintegrate in the wash)Recyclable instruments and equipment for sterilisationBlue bag – seal and return to central sterilisation services department (CSSD) for cleaning, sterilising and repacking.Waste paperBlack bag – seal and tag for incineration or shredding of confidential information.