4Classification of drugs Sedative HypnoticsDrugs that slow down the central nervous system, relax, or tranquilize the person, and produce sleepStimulantsChemical substances that generally speed up the central nervous systemHallucinogensDrugs that affect the person’s perception, awareness, and emotions, can cause illusions
5Classifications cont. Narcotics Inhalants Powerful painkillers, often referred to as opioids, often produce pleasurable feelings and induce sleepInhalantsChemicals that are inhaled through the nostrils evaporating easily whose vapors produce mind-altering effects
8Drug schedules Schedule I Schedule II Schedule III Substance with high potential for abuse and dependence, NO accepted medical use in the USA (Ex. Heroin, LSD, Marijuana, PCP)Schedule IISubstance with high potential for abuse, but has a medical use in the USA (Ex. Cocaine, Morphine, Amphetamines)Schedule IIISubstance with high potential for abuse but less than I and II, have a medical use in the USA (Ex. Tylenol, Steroids)
9Schedules cont. Schedule IV Schedule V Substance with low potential for abuse, relative to those in III (Ex. Muscle Relaxants, Anti-depressant pills)Schedule VSubstance with low potential for abuse relative to those in IV, available without a prescription (Ex. Cough Syrup, Over the counter drugs)
10Problems caused by drug use / abuse Physical and Mental illnessInfection with STD’sDrug addiction or dependencyUndesired side effectsPremature and sudden deathsDisrupted family lifeRapeVandalism and destructive behaviorsImpaired performanceCriminal activities that finance drug supply
11Facts about smoking 420,000 deaths per year Exercising and participating in sports is impossible if you smokeThere are many physical effects of smokingSmoking makes you smell bad and have wrinklesYoung smokers are 100% more likely to become addicted
12statisticsSmoking kills more Americans each year than Alcohol, Cocaine, Crack, Heroin, Homicide, Suicide, Car Accidents, Fires, and AIDS Combined.Approximate number of deaths:Smoking ,000Alcohol ,000Car Accidents 49,000Fires ,000AIDS ,000Heroin & Morphine 2,400Suicide ,000Homicide ,000Cocaine& Crack 3,300
13Statistically Speaking . . . . The amount smoking costs society per year:$157 BillionThe approximate number of premature deaths caused by tobacco use each year:400, 000Percentage of movies released in 1997 – 2001 in which cigarettes appeared:89%Percentage of society that does not smoke:78%
14What’s in a cigarette Paint stripper Nail polish remover Powerful cleaning agentsAnt poisonLighter fluidMaterials from alkaline batteriesCarbon monoxideRat poisonInsecticidesFormaldehydeLeadJet fuelAn active ingredient In moth ballsNicotinePolonium – a radioactive element
17Effects of tobacco on men Tobacco can damage the tiny blood vessels in the penisDamaged blood vessels cannot enlarge to allow enough blood flow to create an erectionSmokers have a 50% higher rate of impotenceLong term smokers tend to look 8 years older than they really are
18Effects of tobacco on women Reduced fertilityEarlier menopauseIncreased rate of abortionStill birthSudden infant death syndrome in babiesLower IQInfants are exposed to nicotine in breast milk
19Effects of Smokeless tobacco A man with a missing jaw, from chewing tobacco.
22Tobacco and athletic performance Nicotine narrows your blood vessels and puts added strain on your heartSmoking can wreck lungs and reduce oxygen available for muscles used during sportsSmoker’s run slower and not as far as non-smokersSmoking hurts physical fitness in terms of both endurance and performance
23There’s moreAt least 4.5 million adolescents (12-17) in the US smoke cigarettesTwo major concerns with adolescents who smoke are heart disease and strokesTeens who smoke are 3 times more likely than non-smokers to use alcohol, 8 times more likely to use marijuana, and 22 times more likely to use cocaine
24Did you know?On an average, someone who smokes a pack or more of cigarettes a day lives 7 years less than someone who has never smoked.
25Reasons to quit smoking Live longerSmell betterWon’t have bad breathHave whiter teethBe able to taste foodHave extra moneyWon’t cough all the timeBe able to sit through a whole movie without shakingWon’t need a chemical to make you feel good