Presentation on theme: "Substance Abuse Introduction to Tobacco. Substance Abuse: Overindulgence in or dependence on an addictive substance, especially alcohol, tobacco, or."— Presentation transcript:
Substance Abuse: Overindulgence in or dependence on an addictive substance, especially alcohol, tobacco, or other drugs
Tobacco What do we already know? What do we want to know?
Let’s take a survey: http://www.fda.gov/TobaccoProducts/ ResourcesforYou/ucm332751.htm http://www.fda.gov/TobaccoProducts/ ResourcesforYou/ucm332751.htm
In your group please discuss: Why do you think young people start using tobacco products? Have you ever felt pressured to use tobacco? If so, how did you handle it? Do you think there are health risks associated with tobacco use? if so what do you think they are?
Smokeless Tobacco Chewing or Spit Tobacco Dried, ground-up tobacco leaves Either chewed or held between the gum and lower lip or cheek Added flavor to improve taste Tobacco “juice” is spit out or swallowed
Smokeless Tobacco Users just as likely to become addicted as a smoker Can permanently damage your senses of smell and taste Leads to tooth decay and gum disease Can cause cancers of the mouth
Snuff Processed wet or dry tobacco powder Flavored with spices and oils Wet snuff is placed inside cheek Dry snuff is usually rubbed on gums or snorted (sniffed up the nose) Leads to gum disease and cancers of mouth, tongue, and sinuses
Cigarettes and Cigars Most common form of tobacco use Contain more than 4,000 chemicals Contain 200 known poisons including: Ammonia, insecticides, chemicals found in nail polish remover, embalming fluid, rocket fuel and rat poison
Nicotine The substance in tobacco that causes its drug like effects. Nicotine is a stimulant Speeds up the heart rate, breathing rate, increases blood pressure As addictive as cocaine and heroin
Nicotine Users crave more and more over time Many smokers are “a pack a day” Many smokers consume more than one pack a day (chain smoking)
Tar Smoked tobacco produces Tar A dark, sticky liquid made when tobacco burns Tar is filled with chemicals that cause breathing difficulties, cancer and other health problems
Carbon Monoxide Produced when burning a cigar or cigarette Poisonous gas that cannot be seen or smelled Once in the lungs and bloodstream, carbon monoxide keeps blood cells from carrying oxygen to the brain
Secondhand smoke Smoke that you inhale by being near someone who is smoking Can lead to or worsen ear infections, allergies, breathing problems and lung and heart function Leads to asthma in children, and pneumonia or bronchitis in infants
Daily Quiz! Take out a piece of paper, put everything else away What is smokeless tobacco? What are some health risks associated with it? Define the following: Nicotine Tar Carbon Monoxide What are some health effects of secondhand smoke?