Presentation on theme: "I, Allan Davison declare that in the past 3 years: I have received manufacturer funding from the following companies*:No I have done consulting work for."— Presentation transcript:
I, Allan Davison declare that in the past 3 years: I have received manufacturer funding from the following companies*:No I have done consulting work for the following companies*: No I have done speaking engagements for the following companies*:None I or my family hold individual shares in the following*:None *pharmaceutical or medical/dental equipment 1 Declaration of Conflict of Interest
Making hunger history? 2 Where are we? Where are we going? Much better as a result of MDGs, but in 2015 hunger won’t yet be history Hunger on a global scale will disappear, in 2 or 3 more 15y plans. New initiatives We now know what works. 5-10 nations will keep pledges. None will forgo trade rules that favour rich at the expense of poor What’s working, what’s not?
3 3 www.sfu.ca/global-nutrition please disturb! Allan Davison firstname.lastname@example.org Make hunger history?
Aid isn’t working Trade for profit instead Trade barriers. Fair trade & aid Population outstrips food supply We give more than anyone! Trillions wasted! - 1 b still starving MDGs won’t be achieved Most aid corrupt dictators Corrupt multinationals 2008 recession Never promised 0.7% “Trade not aid” Broken promises Malthus is wrong 4 V little is wasted Yeah – ½ what EU gives! Profit motive hasn’t worked - aid is needed “They” didn’t cause it You did so!
World GDP $PPP per cap (est) 1500-2100 http:// ers.usda.gov/Data/Macroeconomics / Manifest destiny of world - wealth China + India 2040? 5
Number of malnourished world-wide 6 water-carrier See also: WHO, UN, WB, USDA, CIA, OECD, IFPRI UNICEF 2009 http://www.unicef.org/media/files /Tracking_Progress_on_Child_a nd_Maternal_Nutrition_EN_1103 09.pdf kcal per household surveyed
Number fed & under-nourished worldwide 8 14% Prediction 6%11% Target 33% 88 millions
9 http://www.unicef.org/media/files/Tracking_Progress _on_Child_and_Maternal_Nutrition_EN_110309.pdf http://ije.oxfordjournals.org/content/32/4/518.full.pdf Percentage stunted 60% 40% 20% Africa Asia Latin Am Last 2 or 3 points are projections 1980 & every 5 years
10 Paying for total strangers to eat? Not us, not if it goes to corrupt dictators” } 10
11 http://www.globalissues.org/articl e/35/foreign-aid-development- assistance#GovernmentsCutting BackonPromisedResponsibilities “Development aid”, not spent on poverty or development Clawed back by unfair trade Emergency aid Debt relief Refugee, Tied to benefit rich “Phantom aid”, the wasted 47% Refers to ODA, not MDGs
Corrupt heads of state: Rich... Accept “bribes” to give trade concessions that impoverish their people Accept personal & campaign “contributions” peddling influence. Could stop bribery at home & abroad by abolishing secret a/c... & Poor 12 100s bureaucrats 200s MNCs 10s corrupt dictators 1000s presidents, PMs, bureaucrats in rich wikipediaLockheed Swiss Air
We know what works Transparent & accountable, open bids Partnerships not paternalism Goals, objectives, timed milestones Strategies revised annually by both partners Externally monitored. No political pressure Sustainable emphasis on poverty, agriculture Serves recipient needs, not donor / ideology Firm long-term commitments: MV, Grameen Unrealistic? Let’s see... 13
Grameen Family of social enterprises Billionaire philanthropists & foundations The Millennium Village project Passionate & influential voices for change Scientists & students bring energy to future Instant spread of innovations: agric, educ, &c Beyond MDGs: amazing changes 14 www.sfu.ca/global-nutrition
The End 16 email@example.com www.sfu.ca/global-hunger firstname.lastname@example.org www.sfu.ca/global-hunger 16
year 2008 GDP/capita: Developing countries 3.93% Developed countries -0.03 Advantage = 3.96% USDA data 17 % GDP/cap pa for poor nations cf % for rich
Number stunted (Unicef Data) 18 http://www.unicef.org/media/files/Tracking_Progress _on_Child_and_Maternal_Nutrition_EN_110309.pdf millions http://ije.oxfordjournals.org/content/32/4/518.full.pdf http://www.who.int/mediacentre/factsh eets/fs290/en/index.html http://www.fao.org/mdg/en/ http://www.un.org/millenniumgoals/rep orts.shtml#mdgs Most MDGs will be mostly met worldwide
“Phantom aid”: 47% is “wasted” Evaporating aid - promises … broken as soon as cameras turn elsewhere $ flow benefits the rich nations – tilted trade Aid with strings attached, contingent on UN votes, WB loans, unfair trade Dumped food surplus local farm economy Money given by corrupt rich people to “corrupt dictators” 20 UK banks in Nigerian corruption Paul Collier: The bottom billion 20 Emergency aid isn’t intended for development http://www.globalissues.org/article/35/foreign-aid-development-assistance#GovernmentsCuttingBackonPromisedResponsibilities