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Aid to least developed countries Elena Bernaldo de Quirós Statistics and Monitoring Division, OECD DAC ECOSOC, Geneva, 19 July 2007.

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Presentation on theme: "Aid to least developed countries Elena Bernaldo de Quirós Statistics and Monitoring Division, OECD DAC ECOSOC, Geneva, 19 July 2007."— Presentation transcript:

1 Aid to least developed countries Elena Bernaldo de Quirós Statistics and Monitoring Division, OECD DAC ECOSOC, Geneva, 19 July 2007

2 Aid to LDCs has risen since 2000

3 Seven countries receive about half of the aid to LDCs in 2005

4 LDCs received almost a quarter of all aid in

5 Per capita aid to LDCs is far higher than to other income groups

6 The United States has been the most generous bilateral donor since 2002

7 IDA and the EC have been the key multilateral donors

8 But smaller donors do more effort towards LDCs

9 Only seven DAC countries met the 0.15% of GNI target for aid to LDCs in 2005

10 Aid goes mainly to social sectors (education, health, water supply) average

11 Sectoral emphasis varies widely average

12 In the social sector aid is largely for basic services in … Education Health Water average

13 Basic social services average

14 The quality of aid In 2005, all DAC members met the 1978 DAC Terms Recommendation, by giving at least 86% of their aid to LDCs (or 90% of their aid to each LDC over the preceding three years) as grants. In 2001, the DAC agreed a Recommendation on Untying Aid to the Least Developed Countries, which is being carefully monitored. In 2005, indicators of effort show progress compared to the baseline ODA volume has not been affected by the recommendation. Paris Declaration represents the first time donors and partner countries are committed to targets for monitoring aid effectiveness. The 2006 baseline survey on Monitoring the Paris declaration (19 LDCs participated) shows that progress is to be done on the three basic conditions required to make aid effective: aid has to be predictable, accountable and cost-effective. More info on this survey:

15 … but focus on scaling up should not diminish

16 Warning signs for aid to LDCs Several major aid donors still well short of meeting aid targets, and likely to miss them for G8 and Millennium Summit pledges to double aid to Africa – where most LDCs are located – by 2010 are still a challenge. Governance and security concerns impeding aid to many LDCs.

17 Positive signs for aid to LDCs Non-DAC Donors Three major initiatives, all health related: IFFIm, AMC and air tickets levies Relatively modest, but significant addition to health-related ODA flows Although non-DAC donors have increased their ODA contributions, DAC countries still account for 99% of ODA to LDCs. Innovative Finance Global fund targeting HIV/AIDS, tuberculosis and malaria

18 End remarks More efforts need to be made if DAC countries want to meet 0.15 % of GNI target. These efforts need to target real problems of developing countries (hunger, disease and lack of freedom and opportunity) Results on the improvement of life conditions in these countries will be the real test of the effectiveness of aid.

19 Thank you for your attention. For more information on aid flows, visit the DAC website at


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