Presentation on theme: "Wars Affect Spanish Texas Main Idea: The French and Indian War and American Revolution affect Spanish Texas and change the landscape of North America."— Presentation transcript:
Wars Affect Spanish Texas Main Idea: The French and Indian War and American Revolution affect Spanish Texas and change the landscape of North America.
THE FRENCH AND INDIAN WAR ( ) A. Fought on 2 fronts: EUROPE and NORTHAMERICA i.Called the FRENCH and INDIAN WAR in North America ii.Called the SEVEN YEARS WAR in Europe
The French and English Collide The “French and Indian War”, the colonial part of the “Seven Years War” that ravaged Europe from 1754 to 1763, was the bloodiest American war in the 1700’s. It took more lives than the American Revolution, involved people on three continents, including the Caribbean.
“The Last of the Mohicans” (setting during the French & Indian War) I recommend this movie based on the famous American novel written by James Fenimore Cooper. The film captures vivid imagery of the bloodshed of the war as well as the emotion displayed by Indians who longed to protect their land and culture from intruders.
THE FRENCH AND INDIAN WAR ( ) B. TREATY of PARIS (1763) ended war (England defeats France) i.GREAT BRITAIN : got Canada and all French land EAST of Mississippi River ii.SPAIN : got all land WEST of Mississippi River, New Orleans, and Florida
THE FRENCH AND INDIAN WAR ( ) C. How did this war affect Texas? i.FRANCE no longer a threat to Spanish Texas; so Spain closed down East TX missions and moved East TX settlers to SAN ANTONIO ii.GIL YBARBO founded NACOGDOCHES ; he was homesick in San Antonio, so he moved some Spanish settlers east w/out permission
Where is Nacogdoches?
Gil Ybarbo Founder of Nacogdoches
THE AMERICAN REVOLUTION ( ) A.In a nutshell, the 13 COLONIES overthrow BRITISH rule; Spain and France support the American colonists * You’ll learn more about these 13 colonies next year!!!
13 Original Colonies
THE AMERICAN REVOLUTION ( ) B. BERNARDO GALVEZ : Spanish governor who helped the American colonists i.FED American troops ii.Opened the port of NEW ORLEANS for supplies
THE AMERICAN REVOLUTION ( ) C. TREATY of PARIS (1783) ended war; established peace b/w Great Britain and U.S. (America wins!) i.Britain recognizes American INDEPENDENCE ii.New BOUNDARIES of America
North America After the Treaty of Paris (1783)
NAPOLEON BONAPARTE (1800) A.Emperor of France conquers most of EUROPE B. He forces SPAIN to give Louisiana territory back to France
NOT this Napoleon!!!
NAPOLEON BONAPARTE (1800) C.He later loses some battles and needs MONEY; so he sells land D.The LOUISIANA PURCHASE (1803) i.U.S. President THOMAS JEFFERSON buys Louisiana territory ( 14 current states) from France for $ 15 MILLION * Equal to $270 million today!
LOUISIANA PURCHASE (1803) (see green shade)
BOUNDARY DISPUTE B/W U.S. AND SPANISH TEXAS OVER LOUISIANA A.U.S. claimed boundary was SABINE River and possibly all of TEXAS B. Spain claimed boundary was the ARROYO HONDO, near the Calcasieu River (east of the Sabine River in Louisiana)
NEUTRAL GROUND DISPUTE
BOUNDARY DISPUTE B/W U.S. AND SPANISH TEXAS OVER LOUISIANA C. NEUTRAL GROUND - disputed land b/w Sabine and Arroyo Hondo rivers i.NO GOVERNMENT or ruling authority ii.Becomes a HIDEAWAY for criminals/outcasts * Early Texans occupy this territory!
BOUNDARY DISPUTE B/W U.S. AND SPANISH TEXAS OVER LOUISIANA D. ADAMS-ONIS TREATY (1819) – ended the dispute, set boundary at SABINE River and… i.U.S. gets FLORIDA and gives up claim to Texas ii.Spain gets all land west of the Sabine River (i.e., all of TEXAS) iii.Spain allows AMERICANS to settle Texas
Adams-Onis Treaty (1819)
THE MEXICAN NATIONAL ERA 1821 – 1835 An Era when AMERICAN COLONIZATION occurred in Texas. Conflicts leading to the TEXAS REVOLUTION begin.