Presentation on theme: "Equity Skills Dr. Kathryn McKenzie Texas A&M University."— Presentation transcript:
Equity Skills Dr. Kathryn McKenzie Texas A&M University
Outcomes At the end of this session you should –Understand the traps that keep us from being equitable with all students –Understand the skills that can free us from these traps –Have strategies to: Assess teacher equity consciousness Assess teaching skills Determine active cognitive engagement Determine the “zone of self-efficacy” –Know how to conduct “teaching and learning tours”
Obstacles to Success Individually, on post it notes, write down 4 or more obstacles you believe your teachers would say prevent them from being successful with ALL students. IMPORTANT!!! Put one obstacle per post it note.
Obstacles to Success As a group, allowing each person to share one obstacle before moving on, share your obstacles and then categorize them. Write the categories on chart tablets with marker and place the post its that exemplify that category below it. Choose a spokesperson.
Equity Traps and Equity Skills Achievement Equity Seeing only Deficits Norming The Negative Erasing Race and Culture Rationalizing bad behavior and unsuccessful practices Equity Consciousness Federal Mandate District Goal Rationale Traps Goal Seeing & Respecting Race and Culture Creating Transparency Seeing Assets in ALL students Skills Reflecting on behavior and practices Strategies
The Goal Equitable and Excellent Schools Teacher Quality Programmatic Equity Achievement Equity Skrla, McKenzie, Scheurich (2008,2009)
Focus of Our Work Teacher Quality Equity Consciousness + High Quality Teaching Skills Equity Consciousness High-Quality Teaching Skills Two things to look for in assessing equity consciousness and high quality teaching: Active, Cognitive Engagement (ACE) and Zone of Self- Efficacy
Successful Teachers Have Equity Consciousness High Quality Teaching Skills
Tenets of Equity Consciousness Tenet One A belief that all children (except only a small percentage with profound disabilities) are capable of high levels of academic success
Tenets of Equity Consciousness Tenet Two A belief that academic success is possible regardless of students’ race, class, gender, culture, or religion (McKenzie, Skrla, Scheurich, 2006)
Tenets of Equity Consciousness Tenet Three A belief that the adults in schools are primarily responsible for seeing that all children reach success (McKenzie, Skrla, Scheurich, 2006)
Tenets of Equity Consciousness Tenet Four An understanding that traditional school practices have resulted in inequity for individuals and groups of students and that these practices must change to ensure the success of all students (McKenzie, Skrla, Scheurich, 2006)
One strategy for moving out of Equity Traps to Equity Skills is through awareness brought about through self-reflection, which then leads to changing practices. A change in practice often brings about a change in attitude. The zone of self-efficacy is a strategy that helps educators change practices and then attitudes. Strategies
As a principal I never talked anyone into changing attitudes about students. I did change practices through strategies like the “zone of self-efficacy” that brought about a level of awareness that resulted in a change in practice.
Self-Reflection Awareness Change in Practice Change in Attitudes
Activity Write down the characteristics of a student you think teachers would find easy to teach “I love to teach students who…” Note: When working with teachers we have them write down the names of the students in their classes they love to teach
Write down the characteristics of the student that you think teachers would find difficult to teach “It is hard to teach students who…” Note: For teachers we have them write down the names of the students in their classes they find difficult or hard to teach.
Draw a large circle on a piece of paper. Inside the circle write the characteristics of students who are easy to teach. Outside the circle write the characteristics of students that are hard to teach. Note: For teachers we have them look at the students who are both easy and hard to teach and look for common characteristics, including gender, race, learning style, etc.
Efficacy capacity or power to produce a desired effect Self Efficacy Belief one has that she has the capacity or power to produce a desired effect
Classroom Zone of Self-Efficacy Zone of Self-Efficacy
1.Putting in place consistent and reliable classroom procedures and routines 2.Clearly communicating classroom expectations for learning 3.Challenging students with high-level and complex tasks, a rigorous curriculum 4.Engaging all students, all the time, in learning activities that are active instead of passive 5.Extending student learning through teacher-to-student and student-to- student discussions 6.Frequently assessing individual student learning 7.Differentiating instruction to meet individual student needs and capitalize on individual assets 8.Embedding cultural connections in instructions 9.Demonstrating respect and care in all interactions with all students and their families (McKenzie, Skrla, Scheurich, 2006)
Active Cognitive Engagement -ACE Active Cognitive Engagement Define together
Teaching and Learning Tour What is it? – A professional development strategy – A strategy focused on continual improvement reflective practice collaboration
Teaching and Learning Tours Focus: Active Cognitive Engagement; Zone of Self-Efficacy Reminder: This is NOT about the person being observed. It IS about using your colleague’s classroom as a lab for you to engage in reflective practice—that is thinking about your practice. If this was your classroom, what would you be proud of? What is positive in this classroom? What is the objective being taught? Based on this objective, what is the percentage of children who are actively cognitively engaged? Are there any students out of the zone? If so, why do you think this is the case? If this was your classroom, what could you do to “ratchet up” the active cognitive engagement or ensure that all students are in the “zone”? ___________________________________________________________________________________ Your observer will give you feedback on the strategies you want to try in classroom. Which strategy or strategies do you want feedback on? Teacher name:___________________________________________ Copyrighted: Do not copy or distribute without written permission from the authors. Skrla, McKenzie, & Scheurich (2009)
Let’s take a Tour http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=kfliX02MlZY
Example of Strategies to Increase Active Cognitive Engagement Teacher guided small groups instead of teacher moving from individual student to individual student Use of white boards for student responses Use of timer to move students through transitions and guide individual, small group, and whole class responses Assign cooperative jobs for small groups Use instruction cards for centers Utilize co-teachers for guiding groups Individual student response cards (for example A, B, C, D or yes/no or agree/disagree) Use butcher paper in corners of room and have students respond on the paper Use butcher paper on the floor and have students respond on the paper Use sponge activities when waiting on restroom etc to maximize learning time Games that require individual response, then small group, then whole class Wait time Think, Pair, Share Flexible grouping by student need Preteach Use of timer or watch for teacher to check ACE and Zone Keep it calm, neat and organized Use of manipulative and graphic organizers
Handouts available at: see “other docs” http://directory.cehd.tamu.edu/view.epl?nid=kmckenzie