Presentation on theme: "Dr. Summer A. Carrol Director, Master of Arts in Teaching Program"— Presentation transcript:
1 Rigorous Reflection: Contextualizing Classroom Events Through Deliberate Questioning and Analysis Dr. Summer A. CarrolDirector, Master of Arts in Teaching ProgramLenoir-Rhyne UniversityHickory Public Schools 2014 Curriculum ConferenceJanuary 22, 2014
2 Session Goals & Outcomes What will you do?Think critically about situations in your classroom and your practice in generalEngage in reflective discussions with colleaguesWhat will you gain?new insights/understandings about a situation or challenge in your classrooma reflective framework you can use to help improve your practice and to help other colleagues/new teachers develop their craft
3 “Reflective practice, while often confused with reflection, is neither a solitary nor a relaxed meditative process. To the contrary, reflective practice is a challenging, demanding, and often trying process that is most successful as a collaborative effort” (p. 2, Osterman & Kottkamp, 1993)Rigorous reflection requires mental, emotional, intellectual, and physical effort –and deliberate thinking.
4 Situational – considers only immediate context of situation; does not look beyond for root causes or contextual factorsDeliberate – looks for information beyond immediate context in an effort to better understand a situation or dilemmaDialectical – uses information acquired from deliberate thinking to solve problems and modify practice(Grimmett et al., 1990)Modes of Thinking
5 Humility, transparency, honesty Deliberate questioning requires us to have a desire for increased awareness and to acknowledge that we may need to modify our actions and strategies in order to better impact student learning.Humility, transparency, honesty
6 Examples of Deliberate Questioning What worked in this lesson? How do I know?What would I do the same or differently if I could reteach this lesson? Why?What root cause might be prompting or perpetuating this student behavior?What do I believe about how students learn? How does this belief influence my instruction?What data do I need to make an informed decision about this problem?Is this the most efficient way to accomplish this task?Examples of Deliberate Questioning(Danielson, 2009)
7 Rigorous Reflection Process Problem-in-PracticeExperience aIdentify the Teaching & Learning Context Connected to your ExperienceEngage in deliberateself-questioningEngage a colleague in your reflective questioning process-Consult resources-Seek feedbackDevelop a Plan of Action & Try it Out!Rigorous Reflection Process(Carrol, 2013)
8 Writing Prompt #1: Snapshot from the Classroom Think of a “problem-in-practice” (challenging, disturbing, or perplexing situation) that you are currently experiencing in your classroom or that you have experienced in the past. Write about your situation by clicking the “Classroom Snap-Shot” link in the resources section of the wiki or you may use the provided handout.
9 Contexts for Teaching & Learning Instructional PlanningInstructional Delivery/DifferentiationClassroom Environment & ManagementKnowledge of Content/Assessment of Student LearningKnowledge of Student/RelationshipsTeacher DispositionDirections: Identify the Teaching and Learning context(s)in which you feel your situation best fits.
10 Contexts for Teaching & Learning Instructional PlanningInstructional Delivery/DifferentiationClassroom Environment & ManagementKnowledge of Content/Assessment of Student LearningKnowledge of Student RelationshipsTeacher Disposition/Self-EfficacyPair-N-Share: Turn to your neighbor and determine if he/she agrees with the teaching and learning context (s) you have selected. Discuss whether or not your situation might also be connected to other contexts.Adjust your choice of context, if you think it is necessary.When you have finished chatting with your partner, you are ready for the next step in the Rigorous Reflection process: Deliberate Questioning!
11 Reflecting through Deliberate Questioning – Writing Prompt #2 In the Resources section of the wiki, click the teaching and learning context connected to the situation in your “Classroom Snap Shot.” You will be taken to examples of deliberate questions associated with that Teaching and Learning Context.Choose 1-2 questions to answer and then construct AND answer at least one question directly connected to the situation you are reflecting on today.Instructional PlanningInstructional Delivery/DifferentiationClassroom Environment & ManagementKnowledge of Content/Assessment of Student LearningKnowledge of Students/RelationshipsTeacher Disposition/Self-efficacyReflecting through Deliberate Questioning – Writing Prompt #2
12 Pair-in-ShareShare some of your responses to the deliberate questions and get feedback from your partner.What types of additional questions did you determine needed answering to better understand the situation? How did you answer those questions?
13 Concluding Analysis – Writing Prompt #3 What insights/new understandings have you gained about your situation as a result of today's reflective activities?What might be your next step to address the situation in your classroom? If you are not sure, what additional information do you need to begin an action plan and where might you get this information?Click the “Concluding Analysis Quick Write” link in the resources section of the wiki to respond to this final prompt or write your response on the handout provided.
14 Next Steps & Session Evaluation Continue in the reflective process:Get the information you need to answer your questions (talk to colleagues, consult books, attend workshops, conduct observations, etc…)!Create an action plan and try it out in your classroom!Click the Session Evaluation link to provide feedback on this session or complete the hard-copy evaluation provided to you.
15 Thank you! Contact Information!Summer A. Carrol, Ph.D Lenoir-Rhyne University