5ISSUES AND CHALLENGES · Low Level of Income from rubber. · Uneconomic - Sized Holdings 2 hectares (43 %)2 – 4 hectares (40 %) 4 hectares (17 %)· Labour Shortages.· Low Level of Technology Adoption
6OVERVIEW OF NATIONAL DEVELOPMENT POLICIES · National Development Policy (NDP)· National Vision Policy (NVP)· Third National Agricultural Policy (NAP3)· Eighth Malaysia Plan (EMP)
7NATIONAL DEVELOPMENT POLICY (NDP) · Supportive policies to facilitate growth of agriculture sector.· Address the problems at the farm level :- Persistence dualism between estate and smallholder sector.- Prevalence of uneconomic size holdings.- Labour Shortages.- Inadequate food production.- Lack of emphasis on human development.- Fluctuating farm income.
8NATIONAL VISION POLICY (NVP) · Overriding objectives of national unity.· Eradicating poverty irrespective of race.· Restructuring of society.· Balanced development.· To become a fully developed nation by 2020.
9THIRD NATIONAL AGRICULTURAL POLICY (NAP3) · To enhance food security.· To increase productivity and competitivenessof the sector.· To deepen linkages with other sectors.· Balanced development.· To conserve and utilize national resources ona sustainable basis.
10EIGHTH MALAYSIA PLAN (EMP) · Expanding food production.· Promote private sector participation in medium and large scale production commercial food production.· Intensifying aquaculture development.· Integrating food production with plantation crops.· Promoting cost and labour saving technologies.· Intensifying R & D in yield improvement and development of more end-products.· Consolidating and rationalizing production of oil palm.
11· Reorienting rubber as a strategic crop supplying timber and latex for downstream industry. · Utilizing natural resources on a sustainable and environment-friendly basis.· Developing activities and crops with commercial potential.· Strengthening human resource development.· Strengthening support services, improving the delivery mechanism, increasing the accessibility of credits and establishing insurance coverage.
12REPLANTING ACHIEVEMENT 1952 – 2001 · 1,418,807 hectares replanted.- 1,012,046 hectares with rubber (71 %),427 hectares with oil palm (19 %),334 hectares with other crops (10 %)· 275,268 hectares developed on group basis.· Presently only 20 % replanted with rubber.· Presently 50 – 60 % developed on group basis.
13RUBBER INDUSTRY SMALLHOLDERS DEVELOPMENT AUTHORITY (RISDA) · Rubber Industry (Replanting) Board (1952 – 1972)· Rubber Industry Smallholders Development Authority (1973 – Present)· RISDA Act (Amendment 2002).· Expanding scopes of responsibility.· Organisational Restructuring.
14MAIN DUTIES OF RISDA· To administer the Rubber Industry Replanting Fund.· To manage and implement schemes under R.I.R.F Ordinance 1952.· To plan and implement innovations for smallholder sector.
15FUNCTIONS OF RISDA · To implement agricultural innovations. · To cooperate with other agencies.· To implement replanting and new planting of smallholder sector.· To modernize the smallholder sector.· To obtain and maintain all necessary statistics relating to the development of smallholder sector.· To participate in any other activities as instructed by the Minister.
16DEFINATION OF SMALLHOLDERS A smallholder is defined as the owner or lawful occupier or lawful representative of the owner or lawful occupier of any land of an area less than hectares (100 acres)
17PROFILES OF RUBBER SMALLHOLDERS · Number of Smallholders is 265,000.· Total area is 850,000 hectares.· Average holding size is 3.0 hectares.· % are owner operators.
18SMALLHOLDERS DEVELOPMENT STRATEGIC PLAN (2001 - 2005)
19Statement of MISSIONTowards developing a progressive and prosperous smallholders communitythrough plantation and commercial activities.
20Statement of Objectives The smallholder earns a minimum monthly household income of RM2,000 towards the end of theEighth Malaysia Plan.
21RISDA ..... leading the smallholders development. MottoRISDA leading the smallholders development.
22Target Group 345,000 rubber and oil palm smallholders. - active smallholders- passive smallholders- old and unproductive smallholders
23Development Strategies · To focus development towards the active smallholders.· To replant with the most profitable crop.· To emphasize the group development approach.· To assist the individual progressive smallholders.· To implement market-driven economic projects.· To utilize the services of RISDA’s subsidiaries to carry out large-scale projects for the benefit of hard-core poor smallholders.· To emphasize the human resource development.
24Strategic Business Development Model (5 FLAGSHIP) 1. Replanting and Estatization Programme.2. Economic Advancement Programme.3. Commercial Economic Programme.4. Smallholders Institutional Development Programme.5. Household Members Development Programme.
25DEVELOPMENT PROGRAMMES AND ACTIVITIES Replanting and Estatization Programme· Replanting grants to smallholders· Group and Commercial Replanting.· Annual target of 40,000 hectares with a minimum of 20,000 hectares from rubber to rubber.· Funding from Government and Cess Fund.
26Economic Advancement Programme · On-farm and Off-farm activities· Rubber ++· Fish (Tilapia) rearing.· Boer Goat rearing.· Chicken rearing.· Landscaping acitvities.
28Smallholders Institutional Development Programme · Smallholders Cooperatives.· Smallholders Women Group
29Household Members Development Programme · Training of smallholders 2nd generation.· Kolej RISDA Sdn. Bhd.
30SOURCE OF FINANCE· Cess Fund.· Direct Government Grant to RISDA.· Allocation from Ministry of Rural Development.· Special Government Schemes.· Smallholders Socio-Economic Development Fund.· Agricultural Bank.
32PERFORMANCE INDICATORS · Replant 40,000 hectares per year, 20,000 hectares rubber to rubber.· Planting of LTC/RRIM 900 and 2000 series.· Immaturity period for rubber is less than 4 ½ years and oil palm less than 2 ½ years.· Implementation of LITS for matured rubber.· Production target for rubber is 1,500 kg./hec/year and oil palm at20 mt./hec/year.· The on-farm and off-farm economic activities should generatea return of RM500 per month.· The medium and large scale economic activities should generatea monthly allowance of RM250 per month.· Membership of Smallholder Cooperatives increase to 225,000 members, earning RM75,000 profit and giving 10 % annual dividend.· Training of 500 smallholder children in 2002 and increasing to 3,000 with the next 3 years.
33Rubber Industry Smallholders Development Authority Thank YouR I S D ARubber Industry Smallholders Development AuthorityRISDA Headquarters, P. O. Box 11067, Kuala Lumpur, MALAYSIA. Tel: Fax: Website: