2 The StateStateCountryNationNation-StateAmerican “Hyphen”
3 4 Features of a State Population Territory Sovereignty Government ConsensusTerritorySovereigntyGovernmentUnitary vs Federal
4 Inequality Among States Developed Nations1st world?Developing Nations2nd world/3rd world?Interdependence
5 Non-State Groups Political Movements Multinational Corporations PLO, Al-QaedaMultinational CorporationsGE, Apple, Disney, McDonaldsInternational OrganizationsThe UN, Universal Postal Union, IMF
6 Purposes of Government Maintain Social OrderProvide National DefenseProvide Public ServicesMake/Control Economic Conditions
7 Politics“Who Gets What, When and How”Government Benefits
8 Constitutions Purposes: Constitutional Power Unwritten? Rules of GovernanceHighest LawStructure of GovernmentFrameworkIdeology of GovernmentStatement of GoalsConstitutional PowerLimited GovernmentUnwritten?
9 Three Forms of Government AutocracyOligarchyDemocracyForm: Who governs?System: How do they govern?
10 Autocracy Monarchy Dictatorship Absolute Monarchy DRKConstitutional MonarchyDictatorshipTotalitarian vs BenignMilitary vs Political
15 Modern Political Philosophy FreedomOrderEqualityOrder Tree Equality Tree Freedom TreeClassical LiberalismFreedomOrderEqualityWelfare LiberalismBenign FascismOrderFreedomEqualityTotalitarian FascismSocialismEqualityFreedomOrderCommunism
16 Role of Economic Systems What and how much should be produced?How goods and services should be produced?Who gets the goods and services produced?
18 Capitalism Private Ownership and Control of Property Free Enterprise Competition Among BusinessesFreedom of ChoicePossibility of Profits
19 Origins of Capitalism European “Free Markets” Investments Adam Smith Cooperation for Economic Gain“Aggressive” use of wealthInvestmentsAdam SmithThe Wealth of NationsLaissez-FaireConsumers and ProducersThe Invisible Hand
20 Free Enterprise in America Not Pure CapitalismThe Great DepressionPreserve the Free Market1/5th of all products are bought by the US GovernmentMixed-Market
21 Socialism Goals- Democratic Socialism Distribution of Wealth and Opportunity throughout the systemSociety’s Control (through the government) of all major decisions about productionPublic ownership of most land, factories and other means of productionDemocratic Socialism
22 Communism Karl Marx Command Economy Timeline “Scientific Socialism” Das CapitalBourgeoisie (The Capitalists)Proletariat (The Workers)The Communist ManifestoViolent overthrow of the existing orderCommand EconomyTimelineIndustrialized Nation, Limited Wealth PoolDictatorship of the ProletariatPersonal EvolutionSingle Social Class, Government Eliminated
23 Communism in Practice Marx’s “First Nation”? The Russian Revolution The USSRThe DotP never endedThe KGBHuman Nature Never ChangedChinaParty CongressIndustrialization FailsRichard NixonTiananmen Square