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Government Chapter 1.

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Presentation on theme: "Government Chapter 1."— Presentation transcript:

1 Government Chapter 1

2 The State State Country Nation Nation-State American “Hyphen”

3 4 Features of a State Population Territory Sovereignty Government
Consensus Territory Sovereignty Government Unitary vs Federal

4 Inequality Among States
Developed Nations 1st world? Developing Nations 2nd world/3rd world? Interdependence

5 Non-State Groups Political Movements Multinational Corporations
PLO, Al-Qaeda Multinational Corporations GE, Apple, Disney, McDonalds International Organizations The UN, Universal Postal Union, IMF

6 Purposes of Government
Maintain Social Order Provide National Defense Provide Public Services Make/Control Economic Conditions

7 Politics “Who Gets What, When and How” Government Benefits

8 Constitutions Purposes: Constitutional Power Unwritten?
Rules of Governance Highest Law Structure of Government Framework Ideology of Government Statement of Goals Constitutional Power Limited Government Unwritten?

9 Three Forms of Government
Autocracy Oligarchy Democracy Form: Who governs? System: How do they govern?

10 Autocracy Monarchy Dictatorship Absolute Monarchy
DRK Constitutional Monarchy Dictatorship Totalitarian vs Benign Military vs Political

11 Oligarchy Aristocracy Theocracy Stratocracy/Junta Plutocracy
Technocracy Communism

12 Democracy Direct Democracy Representative Democracy
Republic Vs. Democracy

13 Characteristics of Democracy
Individual Liberty Majority Rule, Minority Rights Free/Fair Elections Competing Political Parties

14 Soil of Democracy Favorable Economy Widespread Education
Free Enterprise/Capitalism Widespread Education Social Consensus

15 Modern Political Philosophy
Freedom Order Equality Order Tree Equality Tree Freedom Tree Classical Liberalism Freedom Order Equality Welfare Liberalism Benign Fascism Order Freedom Equality Totalitarian Fascism Socialism Equality Freedom Order Communism

16 Role of Economic Systems
What and how much should be produced? How goods and services should be produced? Who gets the goods and services produced?

17 Economic Systems Capitalism Socialism Communism

18 Capitalism Private Ownership and Control of Property Free Enterprise
Competition Among Businesses Freedom of Choice Possibility of Profits

19 Origins of Capitalism European “Free Markets” Investments Adam Smith
Cooperation for Economic Gain “Aggressive” use of wealth Investments Adam Smith The Wealth of Nations Laissez-Faire Consumers and Producers The Invisible Hand

20 Free Enterprise in America
Not Pure Capitalism The Great Depression Preserve the Free Market 1/5th of all products are bought by the US Government Mixed-Market

21 Socialism Goals- Democratic Socialism
Distribution of Wealth and Opportunity throughout the system Society’s Control (through the government) of all major decisions about production Public ownership of most land, factories and other means of production Democratic Socialism

22 Communism Karl Marx Command Economy Timeline “Scientific Socialism”
Das Capital Bourgeoisie (The Capitalists) Proletariat (The Workers) The Communist Manifesto Violent overthrow of the existing order Command Economy Timeline Industrialized Nation, Limited Wealth Pool Dictatorship of the Proletariat Personal Evolution Single Social Class, Government Eliminated

23 Communism in Practice Marx’s “First Nation”? The Russian Revolution
The USSR The DotP never ended The KGB Human Nature Never Changed China Party Congress Industrialization Fails Richard Nixon Tiananmen Square

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