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Chapter 1 Government. The State State Country Nation Nation-State American “Hyphen”

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Presentation on theme: "Chapter 1 Government. The State State Country Nation Nation-State American “Hyphen”"— Presentation transcript:

1 Chapter 1 Government

2 The State State Country Nation Nation-State American “Hyphen”

3 4 Features of a State Population Consensus Territory Sovereignty Government Unitary vs Federal

4 Inequality Among States Developed Nations 1 st world? Developing Nations 2 nd world/3 rd world? Interdependence

5 Non-State Groups Political Movements PLO, Al-Qaeda Multinational Corporations GE, Apple, Disney, McDonalds International Organizations The UN, Universal Postal Union, IMF

6 Purposes of Government 1. Maintain Social Order 2. Provide National Defense 3. Provide Public Services 4. Make/Control Economic Conditions

7 Politics “Who Gets What, When and How” Government Benefits

8 Constitutions Purposes: Rules of Governance Highest Law Structure of Government Framework Ideology of Government Statement of Goals Constitutional Power Limited Government Unwritten?

9 Three Forms of Government Autocracy Oligarchy Democracy Form: Who governs? System: How do they govern?

10 Autocracy Monarchy Absolute Monarchy DRK Constitutional Monarchy Dictatorship Totalitarian vs Benign Military vs Political

11 Oligarchy Aristocracy Theocracy Stratocracy/Junta Plutocracy Technocracy Communism

12 Democracy Direct Democracy Representative Democracy Republic Vs. Democracy

13 Characteristics of Democracy Individual Liberty Majority Rule, Minority Rights Free/Fair Elections Competing Political Parties

14 Soil of Democracy Favorable Economy Free Enterprise/Capitalism Widespread Education Social Consensus

15 Modern Political Philosophy Freedom Order Equality Benign Fascism Order Freedom Equality Totalitarian Fascism Order Equality Freedom Socialism Equality Freedom Order Communism Equality Order Freedom Classical Liberalism Freedom Order Equality Welfare Liberalism Freedom Equality Order Order Tree Equality Tree Freedom Tree

16 Role of Economic Systems What and how much should be produced? How goods and services should be produced? Who gets the goods and services produced?

17 Economic Systems Capitalism Socialism Communism

18 Capitalism Private Ownership and Control of Property Free Enterprise Competition Among Businesses Freedom of Choice Possibility of Profits

19 Origins of Capitalism European “Free Markets” Cooperation for Economic Gain “Aggressive” use of wealth Investments Adam Smith The Wealth of Nations Laissez-Faire Consumers and Producers The Invisible Hand

20 Free Enterprise in America Not Pure Capitalism The Great Depression Preserve the Free Market 1/5 th of all products are bought by the US Government Mixed-Market

21 Socialism Goals- Distribution of Wealth and Opportunity throughout the system Society’s Control (through the government) of all major decisions about production Public ownership of most land, factories and other means of production Democratic Socialism

22 Communism Karl Marx “Scientific Socialism” Das Capital Bourgeoisie (The Capitalists) Proletariat (The Workers) The Communist Manifesto Violent overthrow of the existing order Command Economy Timeline Industrialized Nation, Limited Wealth Pool Dictatorship of the Proletariat Personal Evolution Single Social Class, Government Eliminated

23 Communism in Practice Marx’s “First Nation”? The Russian Revolution The USSR The DotP never ended The KGB Human Nature Never Changed China Party Congress Industrialization Fails Richard Nixon Tiananmen Square

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