Presentation on theme: "Types of Government. Autocracy Power and authority are in the hands of a single person. Opposition usually is not tolerated. –Monarchy Absolute Limited."— Presentation transcript:
Types of Government
Autocracy Power and authority are in the hands of a single person. Opposition usually is not tolerated. –Monarchy Absolute Limited Constitutional –Feudalism
Dictatorship Totalitarian Dictatorship (controls everything) Authoritarianism (controls some things) Despotism (just for himself) Autocracy
Oligarchy A small group holds power and they often suppress opposition. Their power comes from: Wealth Military position Social position (family) Religious position
Democracy Many people (perhaps all) participate in ruling the government. Classical Republic ancient Athens and early Rome upper class
Limited Democracy early U.S. men property religion Democracy
Liberal Democracy present-day U.S. Age Citizenship Residency Democracy
Theocracy Where a religious leader makes all the decisions and leads the country Example: Vatican City and the Pope
Characteristics of Democracy Individual Liberty The government promotes Equality Equal opportunity
Majority rule with minority rights Government must avoid the “tyranny of the majority” Characteristics of Democracy
Free Elections 1 person = 1 vote Open to all candidates Free to express views & criticize Secret ballots Minimal restrictions (age, citizen, resident, etc.) Characteristics of Democracy
Competing political parties Need a choice in elections. “Loyal Opposition” to question and challenge Characteristics of Democracy
What Makes A Good Democracy? Active Citizen Participation Citizens need to vote and debate. Widespread Education Usually need public schools (supported by taxes)
Strong Civil Society NRA, MADD, Sierra Club Labor unions Churches Newspapers Business associations (Chamber of Commerce, etc.) What Makes A Good Democracy?
A Social Consensus General agreement about the purpose of government. General agreement about the limits of government. What Makes A Good Democracy?
A Favorable Economy Free enterprise is usually needed. Germany between WWI & WWII What Makes A Good Democracy?