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Types of Government Monarchy Autocracy Republic Democracy OligarchyDictatorship
Autocracy Power and authority are in the hands of a single person. Opposition usually is not tolerated. Monarchy Absolute Limited Constitutional Feudalism
Autocracy Dictatorship Totalitarian Dictatorship (controls everything)Authoritarianism (controls some things) Despotism (just for himself)
Oligarchy A small group holds power and they often suppress opposition. Their power comes from: Wealth Military position Social position (family) Religious position
Democracy Many people (perhaps all) participate in ruling the government. Classical Republic ancient Athens and early Rome upper class
Democracy Limited Democracy early U.S. men property religion
Democracy Liberal Democracy present-day U.S. Age Citizenship Residency
Theocracy Where a religious leader makes all the decisions and leads the country Example: Vatican City and the Pope
Characteristics of Democracy#1 Individual Liberty The government promotes Equality Equal opportunity
Characteristics of Democracy#2 Majority rule with minority rights Government must avoid the “tyranny of the majority”
Characteristics of Democracy#3 Free Elections 1 person = 1 vote Open to all candidates Free to express views & criticize Secret ballots Minimal restrictions (age, citizen, resident, etc.)
Characteristics of Democracy#4 Competing political parties Need a choice in elections. “Loyal Opposition” to question and challenge
What Makes A Good Democracy?1 Active Citizen Participation Citizens need to vote and debate. Widespread Education Usually need public schools (supported by taxes) 2
What Makes A Good Democracy?3 Strong Civil Society NRA, MADD, Sierra Club Labor unions Churches Newspapers Business associations (Chamber of Commerce, etc.)
What Makes A Good Democracy?4 A Social Consensus General agreement about the purpose of government. General agreement about the limits of government.
What Makes A Good Democracy?5 A Favorable Economy Free enterprise is usually needed. Germany between WWI & WWII $$$
Chapter 1 Principles of Government
Classifications of Governments
Government Chapter 1.
Nations, States and Countries (Oh my!)
Formations of Governments Types of Government Democracy
American Government 2nd-5th Mr. Young
Why Do We Have Government? Thomas Hobbes ( ) and the state of nature (war of all against all) John Locke ( ) and protection of life,
Section 3 Introduction-1
Mr. Marinello * Chippewa Valley TYPES OF GOVERNMENT.
Splash Screen Contents Chapter Focus Section 1Section 1Principles of Government Section 2Section 2The Formation of Governments Section 3Section 3Types.
TYPES of GOVERNMENT .
Unit 1 Goal 10 Chapters 1 & 5. What is Civics? Chapter 1.
Formation of Governments. Government Systems Unitary system- All key powers given to a national or central governments Federal system- power is divided.
Chapter 1 People and Government
Chapter 1: Principles of Government Section 2
People and Government. Principles of Government Population, the most obvious essential feature of a state. ◦ State: a political community that occupies.
Different Types of Governments WHO RULES? ARISTOTLE Greek philosopher “Who governs the state?” Three simply classifications based on members that.
Major Types of Government
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