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Civil Disobedience & from Resistance to Civil Government.

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Presentation on theme: "Civil Disobedience & from Resistance to Civil Government."— Presentation transcript:

1 Civil Disobedience & from Resistance to Civil Government

2 Civil Disobedience  Coined by Thoreau when he chose to disobey a law  Thoreau, MLK Jr., Ghandi

3 Civil Disobedience  Logical appeals – facts, examples and well- reasoned arguments  Ethical – based on widely accepted morals and values  Emotional – Language and anecdotes that arouse strong feelings (Talking about a common experience)

4 Resistance to Civil Government  Many Americans believed that we had provoked the Mexican War in order to expand slaveholding territories.  Thoreau was protesting this war at the time of his arrest

5 From Resistance to Civil Government  Paradox – Statements that express the complexity of life by showing how opposing ideas can be both contradictory and true at the same time  "The swiftest traveler is he that goes afoot." (Henry David Thoreau, Walden)  The less you have the more free you are. - Ivan Illich

6 Resistance to Civil Government  “That government is best which governs least…”  In an ideal world, people would not need governments at all  Logical appeal  Can there be, simultaneously, a government and no government?

7 Resistance to Civil Government  Because a standing government, is like a standing army, it should be disbanded  Government is manipulated by few, and effects many.

8 Resistance to Civil Government  Government = a wooden gun  The government is not as forceful as one individual and accomplishes nothing on its own (logical appeal)  “It does not keep the country free. It does not settle the West. It does not educate.” (emotional appeal)

9 Resistance to Civil Government  Thoreau asks for a better government  Have man choose their own government that suits them  Thoreau is assuming that people will voice their opinion

10 Resistance to Civil Government  Men say they would like to be sent to Mexico to help the slaves, but they send someone else to do that.  These same men buy tobacco products and cotton, which supports the slave owners  These same men pay taxes, which support the war

11 Resistance to Civil Government  Thoreau believes one HONEST man can inspire others  Thoreau describes himself as the common taxpayer (emotional appeal)

12 Resistance to Civil Government  Paradox  Thoreau is in prison and even though his body is imprisoned, his mind and convictions are free

13 Resistance to Civil Government  Paradox  Thoreau assumes that the men in prison are HONEST men because he is in jail for being honest he assumes the same of others

14 Resistance to Civil Government  Civil Disobedience  Thoreau agrees to follow laws that only he has agreed to  In any other circumstances, he is free to disobey

15 Resistance to Civil Government  Persuasive techniques/ ethical appeal  Thoreau’s main argument appeals to the assumption held by many  Government was formed by an absolute monarchy and that it can improve by focusing on the individual

16 Resistance to Civil Government  Paradox  Citizens live “aloof” from government and still fulfill the duties of “neighbors and fellow men”  People can refuse to pay certain taxes and not receive certain governmental benefits, but they still are an honest and patriotic citizen


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