5Deadliest Days of the Week 16 & 17 year old fatalities in 2005
6The Good News 11-21% less likely to be in a collision, A national study (NHTSA, 2005) completed in Oregon revealed that teens taking formal driver education are. . .11-21% less likely to be in a collision,39-57% less likely to have a traffic conviction,51-53% less likely to have their license suspended.
7You’ve Made the Right Decision Teenagers taught to drive by both professionals and their parents are nearly three times less likely to be involved in serious accidents than those who do not receive professional training.-NHTSA (2007)
8Oregon 16 year old Fatal & Injury Crashes Down 55%
9What Caused the Drop in Death and Injury Crashes? Oregon’s Graduated Driver’s License Program took effect in 1998.Fatal and injury crashes for 16 and 17 year have dropped dramatically ever since.
10Good Reason for the Rules With one teen passenger, the average new driver is TWICE as likely to be involved in a crash.With two teen passengers, the average new driver is THREE times as likely to crash.With three teen passengers, the average new driver is FOUR times as likely to crash.
11Let’s put that another way… Parents: Do you want your Son/Daughter To be an driverNO?“Average”
12then something different must occur in their learning experience A drum roll here, please…Any guesses?
13Good Habit Development The SolutionGood Habit DevelopmentIt requires a successfulPartnershipbetween…Teacher, Student and Parents
14Students needGUIDED PRACTICEto form goodDriving Habits
15We all know about practice- But what is GUIDED PRACTICE? Do you remember learning how to type?
16What is Guided Practice? Let’s try it together:Using an imaginary keyboard, close your eyes andand type the wordthe
17Could you do it? Could you see the keyboard in your mind? Which fingers did you use?
18If you could “see” the keyboard in your mind, and type the letters, it’s because you learned to type through guided practice. Your teacher taught you where to place your fingers on the keyboard and where each letter was located. Then you practiced until you could successfully type anything you wanted. You built good habits!
19Guided Practice Principles It is provided by a Parent/Coach.Supervised practice of specific maneuvers on a prescribed route. It supplements what the student has learned in class and the in-car sessions.You can plan your lessons with the Oregon Parent Guide to Teen DrivingYour attitudes and values have the greatest influence upon your teen towards safe driving practices.Parents need to provide their teen with five hours of guided practice during the driver education course.
20“Learning” occurs when behavior is changed How do we change behaviorand learn good habits?
21K H S A Habit Development Knowledge: What to do Skill: How to do it Attitude: Desire or want to do itK+S+A = HabitPattern of Behavior Can Be Learned orunlearnedRequires Time, Energy and CommitmentKSAH
22The Learning Progression 4th - UnconsciouslyCompetent (This is the goal! Habitually correctbehavior.)3rd - ConsciouslyCompetent (Lots of practice to reach this point, butstill have more to learn.)2nd - ConsciouslyIncompetent (We understand the task, but arenot but are not very good at it.)1st - UnconsciouslyIncompetent (We have no idea how to perform a task.)Stage 4 can only be achievedthrough guided practice.
23How many times must you repeat a behavior before it becomes a habit? 8 Times = long term memory28 times = unconscious memory (habit)Conclusion:Students don’t drive the way they were taught because they don’t do the correct behavior enough times for it to become habitual.
24Driver Education Course 10 Model Driving HabitsForm the Basis of theDriver Education CourseGet Driver-Vehicle ReadinessSee a clear path before movingKeep the car in balanceUse reference pointsDo LOS-POT searchingTurn decisions into actionsControl the intersectionGet rear zone controlGet control with a vehicle in frontBe courteous to others
25US Crash Pyramid Deaths 42,600 Disabled 200,000 Injuries 2,799,000 Minor CrashesClose CallsStressful SituationsHigh Risk Driver BehaviorsEstimated 9 X 10 ²³“Not Everything That Counts Can Be Counted”- Albert Einstein
26The statistics on the previous slide are the best reason for each of us to commit to spending as much time as necessary to teach our youngest drivers the skills and habits they need to be safe. We should feel some outrage to know that more than 42,000 Americans die on our roads each year. And we should be dismayed to know that nearly 3 million of us are injured in crashes each year.
27Parents- Did you take Driver Education? Do you think anything has changed?
29Don’t feel too bad. It used to be yellow It changed about 15 years ago.
30Pull-Push Steering Technique What will your student learn?Vision vs. PerceptionResponse vs. ReactionLane PositionPull-Push Steering TechniqueFollowing DistanceReference PointsZone Controland so much more!
31Vision vs. PerceptionTake the following test. Read the following sentence through once and count the number of f’s.
32FINISHED FILES ARE THE RE- SULT OF YEARS OF SCIENTIF- IC STUDY COMBINED WITH YEARS OF EXPERIENCE.
33How many letter F’s did you see? 3 ? 4 ? 5 ? 6 ? More?
34FINISHED FILES ARE THE RE- SULT OF YEARS OF SCIENTIF- IC STUDY COMBINED WITH YEARS OF EXPERIENCE.
35Proper Perception is vital to good driving! How did you do? There were 6 letter f’s in the sentence. Would you have done better if you had known you were looking for 6 of them?This illustrates the difference between vision and perception. Perception involves seeing as well as understanding what to look for and how to interpret the information we gather.Proper Perception is vital to good driving!
36Changes That May Surprise You! Hand Position: 3 & 9 or 4 & 8Braking technique: Squeeze; don’t pumpMirror Adjustment: Enhanced SettingHeadlights On: Night and DAY!Steering Technique: Pull/Push vs. hand over handSign changesLegal Stop positionGraduated Driver’s Licensing
38Adjusting the Side Mirrors The next slide shows the blind spot created by the traditional mirror adjustment, which involves a large overlap in what is seen in the three mirrors.Notice that the blind spot with this mirror setting is big enough to easily hide a full-sized vehicle from the view created by the side mirror.
39Cones outline the blind areas caused by traditional mirror settings Traditional side view mirror settings shows same view as rear view mirrorREARMIRRORVIEWTRADITIONAL SETTINGRIGHT BLIND SPOTRIGHT SIDE VIEWLEFT SIDE VIEWTRADITIONAL SETTINGLEFT BLIND SPOT
40Blind Spot—Glare Elimination The enhanced mirror adjustment is pictured on the following slide. While this setting doesn’t eliminate the need for over the shoulder checks, as you can see, this setting does make the side blind spot much, much smaller.All you need to do to achieve the enhanced setting is tilt the mirrors out about 12 degrees so that the side of your vehicle is not visible when you look in the mirrors.
41The BGE enhanced side mirror settings (15 degrees to outside) minimizes right and left side mirror blind areasENHANCED RIGHT SIDE MIRROR VIEWREAR MIRRORVIEWENHANCED LEFT SIDE MIRROR VIEW
42Lane PositionSpace management is an important aspect of driver’s education. Managing the space in our lane of traffic is particularly important.To make it easy to talk about the space within our lane, numbers are assigned to each area. These lane positions allow students to learn to effectively use each part of their lane to improve their line of sight and establish the best separation from other vehicles or obstacles.
43Straddling the line to avoid a problem Lane Position Options42135Lane position 4 and 5:Straddling the line to avoid a problem
44Making Lane ChangesBecause making lane changes is a potentially troublesome maneuver for most new drivers, we work on a procedure they can use to be sure they are making a safe movement from one lane to another. We use the acronym MSMOG to help them remember where to look and what to look for as they prepare for lane changes.
45Lane Change Acronym Mirror-(Rear View) Signal Mirror-(Side View) Over-the-ShoulderGo
46More Lane Change Considerations Once the students understand how to use MSMOG to be sure it’s safe to change lanes, they are taught to steer smoothly through the lane changes by referring to the lane positions.
47Control Your Tracking Path 1Maintain Your SpeedMove to new laneCancel SignalEvaluate Front & Rear Zone ConditionsGet Best Lane Position342
48Steering TechniquesYou were probably taught to hold the steering wheel at the 10 & 2 positions. But chances are you learned to drive on a vehicle that did not have air bags.And you probably used a hand over hand technique to steer into turns.But your students will be taught pull-push steering. They will hold the wheel at 8 & 4 or at 9 & 3, and learn to turn without crossing their hands—a safer form of steering air-bag equipped vehicles.
50Pull-Push Advantages Pull-push steering gives better steering control. The driver keeps both hands on the wheel at all times.The left and right hands never cross to the opposite side of the wheel, minimizing risk of injury due to air bag deployment.
51Turning with Pull-Push Steering 1115Right TurnLeft Hand Push UpRight Hand Pull Down7A right turn is initiated by pulling the wheel down from 1 o’clock to five o’clock, while the left hand glides down to 7 o’clock.At that point, the left hand goes to work, pushing the wheel up to 11 o’clock, while the right hand glides up to one o’clock to meet it and so on.
52What is a LOS – POT?Learning some new vocabulary will be part of your student’s experience, too.LINE OF SIGHT: Anything that blocks our ability to gather critical information.PATH OF TRAVEL: Anything that blocks our ability to occupy a space in the road.
53How is your LOS (Line of Sight)? What is the Potential Problem?You have a line of sight blockage caused by the building. It could be hiding pedestrians on the sidewalk.
54Where Should You Stop?Students will learn how to make correct, complete Legal Stops.They will practice making Safety Stops to improve their line of sight.And they will learn the advantages of the Staggered Stop and when to use it.
55Legal Stop Before Stop Line, Crosswalk, Pedestrian Zone LOSLOS
56Safety Stop Front even with the curb line Safety Stop Front even with the curb line. Move to this position after the Legal Stop to improve your Line of Sight.LOSLOSRemember: This position is IN ADDITION to a Legal Stop!
57Staggered Stop See Stop Line 15 feet ahead LOSLOS
58Reference PointsStudents quickly find that the body of the vehicle causes a large blind area that makes the car seem to be much larger than it really is.We introduce the concept of reference points to help them overcome the problem.
59Where is the front bumper in relationship to the white line?
60You can line up the side view mirror with the curb line You can line up the side view mirror with the curb line. Students learn a series of reference points that will help them place their vehicle precisely. The best part is that the reference points work on all vehicles.
62Keeping the Car in Balance Show me what it feels like…when a driver slams on the brake.when a driver takes off too fast.when a driver makes a turn too fast or a lane change too sharply.These “feelings” should be seen as a RED FLAG that a high risk behavior is occurring.
63Vehicle Balance Terms Used Pitch – Vehicle weight is transferred to the front or the rear tires when braking or accelerating. Loss of traction can occur. Roll - Vehicle weight is transferred to the side tires when turning or cornering. Loss of traction can occur. Yaw – Traction to tires is lost causing vehicle to spin around its center of gravity or “Yaw” axis.
64The Zone Control System This is the framework for using the 10 Driving Habits in every situation.FIND – Identify a LOS-POT change.SOLVE – Check other zones and get necessary information to make a decision.CONTROL – Applying the best SPEED control, best LANE POSITION and bestCOMMUNICATION.
65STEPS FOR SUCCESS Guided practice between BTW drives Communicate with instructorsHave a Parent Teen ContractEstablish your families boundaries
66Goals for New Drivers TEENS WANT: PARENTS WANT: Wheels Child’s safety ActionPeer AcceptanceFreedomPARENTS WANT:Child’s safetyProtection of investmentRespect for authorityRespect for others
67Course Requirements Eligibility Behind-the-Wheel (BTW) Classroom To qualify for State Certification a student must complete 30 hrs of classroom instruction and 12 hrs of BTW instruction before obtaining their driver license and or their 18th birthday. An additional $210 will be charged for students who do not meet these guidelines.Behind-the-Wheel (BTW)BTW lessons occur outside of class time. Parents can begin scheduling the 6 lessons after the first day of class. Each lesson is 2hrs long. 1 hour the student drives and 1 hour they observe. There is a late cancelation fee for canceling a lesson with less than 72hr notice.ClassroomStudents are required to be in class for 30hrs and receive an 80% or higher to complete. Any class time missed must be made up prior to course completion. We have several location to make up hours missed hours
68ClassroomThere are 3 exit exams taken online at home. If a student gets 90% or better on each exit exam they bypass the written final. Student still has to show up for class because they have to be in class for 30 hours.
69Driver Ed will allow students to bypass the DMV drive test. True or False?Driver Ed will allow students to bypass the DMV drive test.True!!
70License requirements Still Need to have 50 hours of driving Still have to take the knowledge test from DMVStill have to have their permit for 6 monthsStill has to be 16 years old
71A Parent-Teen Agreement Can Bring You Together Formal contractMust be clearMust be enforced
72Establish Family Boundaries The Graduated Drivers License creates a few boundaries for the new licensed driver. You may want to consider these boundaries for your own teen:
73Set Driving Area Limits 80% of fatal collisions in Oregon occur on rural roads. Restrict Night Driving Most teen nighttime fatal crashes occur from 9pm to 12 am Restrict their passengers Tighten or further extent law already in place Reduce Distractions Have guidelines for loud music, etc. Being a passenger Know who your teen is driving with. Are they responsible?
74Remember: You’re their Role Model! New Drivers learn a lot by example, so be sure that you practice safe driving habits.Teens with crashes and violations often haverole models with poor driving records.
75Choose vehicles for safety, not image. Teenagers should drive vehicles that reduce their chances of a crash and offer protection in case they do crash.Small Cars don’t offer the best protection in a crash.Airbags save lives.Avoid cars with performance images, they encourage speeding.Avoid trucks and sport utility vehicles – they are more prone to roll over.Research vehicle crash test ratings at:
76By working as a team— Student, Parents and Teachers We can all get home safely!