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Introduction to the Stock Market Game Sponsored by Virginia Commonwealth University.

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Presentation on theme: "Introduction to the Stock Market Game Sponsored by Virginia Commonwealth University."— Presentation transcript:

1 Introduction to the Stock Market Game Sponsored by Virginia Commonwealth University

2 Bulls and the Bears The Bull=prosperity The Bull=prosperity Bull Markets: 1920s, 1990s Bull Markets: 1920s, 1990s The Bear=money lost Bear Markets: 1930s, Late 2000s (Great Recession) Bear Markets: 1930s, Late 2000s (Great Recession)

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5 What is Stock? Why do people buy it? What is Stock? Why do people buy it? -Stocks: Part of a company people buy because they want to earn money. -Stocks: Part of a company people buy because they want to earn money. Money is earned or lost depending how well the company does. Money is earned or lost depending how well the company does. Stocks are a quick way to earn money (if you pick the “right” ones) Stocks are a quick way to earn money (if you pick the “right” ones)

6 Why do businesses offer stock? Why do businesses offer stock?  They want to expand/grow Example: Facebook

7 How to stocks come to market? Companies will file a report Offer an Initial Public Offering (IPO) which allows people to start investing.

8 What is a bond? What is a bond?  Bonds are certificates where you give the government or a company money and in return they PROMISE that within a certain amount of time they will give you all of your money back (no matter what) plus some interest. Safer than stocks because you get your money back. Safer than stocks because you get your money back. It may take a long time to get your money back It may take a long time to get your money back

9 What are mutual funds? What are mutual funds?  Mutual funds are “baskets” of stocks. A mutual fund contains a little bit of different stocks.  You invest in many stocks at once but in small amounts

10 What are portfolios? What are portfolios? A portfolio is a report of all your stocks, bonds, mutual funds. A portfolio is a report of all your stocks, bonds, mutual funds.

11 Risk and reward? Risk and reward? More Risk=Higher Reward but also higher losses More Risk=Higher Reward but also higher losses Idea is to have a balanced portfolio (a little bit of everything) Idea is to have a balanced portfolio (a little bit of everything)

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13 What is a stock market? What is a stock market? An organization that allows companies to sell stock. An organization that allows companies to sell stock. Ex: Nasdaq or NYSE  Each country has their own stock market.

14 How is a trade made? How is a trade made? ->You go through a brokerage Company ->You go through a brokerage Company Ex: Wells Fargo, Charles Swab, Edward Jones Ex: Wells Fargo, Charles Swab, Edward Jones

15 Characteristics of a perfect product Widgets, Inc. makes a product that… – – everyone needs (or thinks they need) – –no one has – – is used daily – – cannot be duplicated – – will be needed in the future – – costs little to produce and ship – –Examples?

16 What’s good news and what’s bad news? BAD NEWS Decreased Products Sales = Decreased Profits = Decreased Interest in Stock = STOCK PRICES GO DOWN Q: What might be some conditions or events that may cause a stock price to go up or down? Q: What might be some conditions or events that may cause a stock price to go up or down? Q: When might you want to buy a stock? Q: When might you want to buy a stock? GOOD NEWS Increased Product Sales = Increased Profits = Increased Interest in Stock = STOCK PRICES GO UP

17 What determines the price of stock? What determines the price of stock? -Supply and Demand, What people “think” about the stock. -Supply and Demand, What people “think” about the stock.

18 How to read the stock page? How to read the stock page? Ticker Symbol- Volume- Volume- PE Ratio- PE Ratio- Last Sale- Last Sale- Is Stock Bear or Bull? Is Stock Bear or Bull?

19 Stock Market Game Basics – –You will be on a team – –Each team begins with a hypothetical $100,000 and may buy or sell stocks, bonds, and mutual funds listed on NYSE or NASDAQ that have traded in the last 7 days. – –Teams may “buy on margin” (take out a loan) $100,000 for a total of $200,000 for investing. A 7% interest rate is charged on the loan (cash * interest (decimal) / 365). – –$100,000 X.07 / 365 = $19.18/day If you buy on margin you better make sure it is a “sure thing.” or you will be “naked” and unable to payback the loan.

20 Teams should keep their passwords very safe – if a password is stolen and fraudulent transactions submitted, there is no undo. Remember IDs and passwords are sensitive. Do Not change passwords

21 Must buy a minimum of 100 shares. A 1% broker’s fee is charged for each transaction. Stocks and mutual funds valued at less than $5 per share may not be purchased. Weekly 7% interest charged on negative cash balance, 5% credited on positive cash balance. Game week runs Monday-Friday. Teams may trade on any day the participating stock markets are open. Orders may be entered The game takes 24 hours to update. Can only buy regular stocks and not over-the-counter or series A or B stocks.

22 Team with the highest portfolio equity (value) at the end of the game wins!

23 Teams compete regionally and statewide: Top portfolio in VA are invited to Annual State Awards Luncheon in Richmond in May at VCU.

24 Game Tips: Play for the short-term and take a lot of risks -- opposite strategy when investing real money Spend time doing research -- buy stocks that are likely to go up and down a lot (i.e., newer companies) Spend all your $$$$$ -- leaving cash balances cannot match the return available in the market Invest in what you know


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