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Exploration Discovering America. Christopher Columbus His voyage was set to discover the West Indies Instead he discovered America “1492 Christopher Columbus.

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Presentation on theme: "Exploration Discovering America. Christopher Columbus His voyage was set to discover the West Indies Instead he discovered America “1492 Christopher Columbus."— Presentation transcript:

1 Exploration Discovering America

2 Christopher Columbus His voyage was set to discover the West Indies Instead he discovered America “1492 Christopher Columbus sailed the ocean blue”

3 Columbus Voyage * Although King Ferdinand was opposed to the project, Queen Isabella agreed to support Columbus expedition. The Queen declared that she would pledge her crown jewels to supply the money. * Friday morning, Aug. 3, 1492, 120 souls set sail for the New World “ * Friday morning, Aug. 3, 1492, 120 souls set sail for the New World “In the name of Christ”

4 What was the name of the three ships? Nina Nina Pinta Pinta Santa Maria Santa Maria

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8 “ Land ! Land ! “ Friday, the 12th of October, 1492 Columbus was the first to land; and as soon as he touched the shore he fell down upon his knees and kissed the ground, thanking God for the great favor bestowed upon him. The others followed his example; and then, recognizing Spain which had crowned his efforts with success. Columbus thought he had reached the wealthy land of the Indies, and so called the natives, Indians. Columbus was the first to land; and as soon as he touched the shore he fell down upon his knees and kissed the ground, thanking God for the great favor bestowed upon him. The others followed his example; and then, recognizing Spain which had crowned his efforts with success. Columbus thought he had reached the wealthy land of the Indies, and so called the natives, Indians.

9 The natives dwelling on the island were found to be a well proportioned people with fine bodies, simple in their habits and customs, friendly, though shy in manner, and they were perfectly naked. They thought the huge ships to be monsters risen from the sea or gods come down from heaven. Presents were exchanged with them, including gold bracelets worn by the natives. Columbus asked where the gold came from. The natives pointed by gestures to the southwest.

10 Explorers of the New World

11 The Exploration of the New World The men who led the expeditions to the New World faced the unknown of uncharted waters, the threat of disobedient crews, and often peculiar natives who might offer friendship, or might roast and eat the uninvited visitor. These men were sometimes motivated by spreading the Gospel to new lands, and sometimes motivated by the hopes of riches and power or eternal youth.

12 Race to Claim America Spain France England

13 Three G’s  GOLD- search for wealth  GLORY-search for fame  GOD- to convert to Christianity

14 Ponce De Leon 1513 ► remembered as the discoverer of Florida, set out in search of the Fountain of Youth, a fountain whose waters would restore youth to the aged. but instead found an untimely death at the hands of the natives of Florida Florida

15 Hernando Cortez 1519 ► military officer ► of a good family; studied law ► Conquered the Aztec empire in Mexico ► Seized its vast gold treasures

16 Fernando De Soto Fernando De Soto ►e►expedition to conquer Florida ►d►discovered the Mississippi river while searching for gold. ►H►He died of a fever on the shores of the river

17 Jacques Cartier 1534 claimed the Great St. Lawrence River- called by the Iroquois Indians as “The road to Canada” 1534 claimed the Great St. Lawrence River- called by the Iroquois Indians as “The road to Canada” Found a treasure trove of fish that made them money Found a treasure trove of fish that made them money

18 Samuel de Champlain Father of New France Father of New France 1608 founded Quebec, the first successful French settlement in the New World 1608 founded Quebec, the first successful French settlement in the New World Developed a fur trade with the Indians Developed a fur trade with the Indians

19 La Salle 1682 Was determined to reach the Gulf of Mexico and discovered Texas Was determined to reach the Gulf of Mexico and discovered Texas He did reach it and made a bigger claim the entire Mississippi River Valley He did reach it and made a bigger claim the entire Mississippi River Valley was murdered by rebellious colonists as he tried to establish a colony in Texas was murdered by rebellious colonists as he tried to establish a colony in Texas

20 French Succeeded They got along with the Indians They got along with the Indians They learned their language They learned their language Treated the Indians like business partners Treated the Indians like business partners Found their riches in fish and fur Found their riches in fish and fur

21 John Cabot 1497 King Henry VII paid him $50 to find a North America passage to Asia Instead discovered Newfoundland

22 Sir Walter Raleigh 1584 famous for his efforts in colonizing Virginia, famous for his efforts in colonizing Virginia,Virginia was beheaded by an ungrateful monarch in England. was beheaded by an ungrateful monarch in England. Capital of North Carolina is Capital of North Carolina is named after him

23 The Lost Colony Sir Raleigh sent 117 people to settle Roanoke Island, North Carolina. Sir Raleigh sent 117 people to settle Roanoke Island, North Carolina they disappeared leaving the name of an Indian tribe “Croatoan” 1591 they disappeared leaving the name of an Indian tribe “Croatoan” What do you think happened? What do you think happened?

24 Sir Francis Drake Drake Sir Francis Drake Dragon Drake Pirated Spanish ships carrying American gold while England grew rich from the stolen treasure (this angered Spain) Pirated Spanish ships carrying American gold while England grew rich from the stolen treasure (this angered Spain) Spain wanted England to punish him but instead Queen Elizabeth made him a knight Spain wanted England to punish him but instead Queen Elizabeth made him a knight

25 Defeat of the Spanish Armada 1588 King Phillip sent 130 ship armada to invade and punish England Stretch seven miles long Unfortunately the Spanish Armada was defeated and the Spanish empire declined as England became ruler of the Sea

26 Few of the explorers found the riches they sought, but they did discover vast new lands and planted the seeds of the first 13 original colonies.


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