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Famous World War Two Leaders HIROHITO Born: April 29, 1901, Tokyo, Japan Died:January 7, 1989, Tokyo, Japan Height: 1.65 m Wife : Empress Kojun Children:

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Presentation on theme: "Famous World War Two Leaders HIROHITO Born: April 29, 1901, Tokyo, Japan Died:January 7, 1989, Tokyo, Japan Height: 1.65 m Wife : Empress Kojun Children:"— Presentation transcript:


2 Famous World War Two Leaders

3 HIROHITO Born: April 29, 1901, Tokyo, Japan Died:January 7, 1989, Tokyo, Japan Height: 1.65 m Wife : Empress Kojun Children: Prince Hitachi, Takako Shimazu, Shigeko Higashikuni, Atsuko Ikeda, Kazuko Takatsukasa, Sachiko, Princess Hisa Parents: Emperor Taishō, Empress Teimei

4 Hirohito Hirohito was born in Tokyo on 29 April 1901, the eldest son of Crown Prince Yoshihito. His father became emperor when Hirohito was 11. In 1921, Hirohito went on a six-month tour of Europe, becoming the first member of the Japanese imperial family to travel abroad. He married an princess, Nagako, in 1924 and they had seven children. Hirohito became emperor when his father died in 1926. The emperor was regarded as divine by many Japanese. He reluctantly supported the invasion of Manchuria and the war against China, and attempted to encourage cooperation with Britain and the USA. However, he had no choice but to approve the Japanese attack on Pearl Harbor that led to war between Japan and the United States in December 1941. Despite his lack of enthusiasm over the decision to go to war, he was pleased with the Japanese military and naval successes that followed. He frequently appeared in military uniform to raise morale. By the spring of 1945 the Japanese government was deeply divided between military leaders who favoured continuing the war and civilians who wanted to arrange for peace. Hirohito appears to have favoured peace. Following the atomic bomb attacks on Hiroshima and Nagasaki, Hirohito insisted that Japan surrender. On 15 August 1945, he made a radio broadcast announcing the end of the war - this was the first time the people of Japan had heard the voice of their emperor. In the post-war years, Hirohito travelled throughout Japan to see the progress of reconstruction and to win popularity for the imperial family. He also represented Japan abroad. He was very interested in marine biology and published numerous scholarly works in this field. Hirohito died of cancer on 7 January 1989 at the Imperial Palace in Tokyo and was succeeded by his son Aki hito.

5 Franklin D Roosevelt ( 1882-1945) Born: January 30 th 1882, Hyde Park, New York, United States. Died: April 12 th 1945, Warm springs, Georgia, United States. Presidential term: March 4 th 1933 – April 12 th, 1945. Children: James Roosevelt, Elliot Roosevelt, Franklin Delano Roosevelt, Jr., Anna Roosevelt Halsted, John Aspin wall Roosevelt. Vice Presidents: Henry A. Wallace, Henry S. Truman, John Nance Garner.

6 Franklin D Roosevelt Franklin Delano Roosevelt was born on 30 January 1882 at his family's estate in New York State. His father was a businessman. He attended Harvard and Columbia University Law Schoool. In 1905, he married Eleanor Roosevelt, a distant cousin and niece of President Theodore Roosevelt. Five years later, Roosevelt was elected to the New York Senate, where he quickly came to national attention as a rising Democratic politician. From 1913 to 1920 - which included the years of World War One - Roosevelt was assistant secretary of the navy, where he achieved a reputation as a capable young administrator. Late life In 1921, Roosevelt suddenly fell ill with polio and was left unable to walk without braces or a cane. It seemed to signal the end of his career, but through his determination and the support of his wife, who often acted as his substitute at political meetings, he returned to work. In 1928, Roosevelt was elected governor of New York and in 1932. Franklin D Roosevelt was elected President of the United States of America when the Great Depression was at its worst. Roosevelt won a second term in 1936 and an unprecedented third term in 1940. While keeping America out of World War Two, he provided financial assistance and equipment to Britain and its allies. The Japanese attack on Pearl Harbour brought America into the war and Roosevelt took the lead in establishing a grand alliance among the countries fighting the Axis powers. He also devoted time to the planning of the post-war workload, particularly the establishment of the United Nations. Roosevelt died in office on 12 April 1945, less than a month before Germany's unconditional surrender. Early Life

7 Winston Churchill Born: 30 th November 1874 Woodstock Died: January 24 th 1965 Hyde Park Buried: St Marys Church, Blandon Education: Royal Military Academy Sandhurst (1894), Harrow School, St Gorges School,Stoke Brunswick School

8 Winston Churchill Winston Leonard Spencer Churchill was born on 30 November 1874 at Blenheim Palace in Oxfordshire. His father was the prominent Tory politician, Lord Randolph Churchill. Churchill attended the Royal Military College, Sandhurst, before embarking on an army career. He saw action on the North West Frontier of India and in the Sudan. While working as a journalist during the Boer War he was captured and made a prisoner-of-war before escaping. In 1900, Churchill became Conservative member of parliament for Oldham. But he became disaffected with his party and in 1904 joined the Liberal Party. Why Was Churchill so famous? Winston Churchill was Prime Minister for most of the Second. He was famous for his speeches and for his refusal to give in, even when were a its worst. For some time he was one of the most famous person in Britain. Late Life Winston Churchill married Clementine Hosier in 1908, and had 5 children named Diana, Randolph, Sarah, Marigold and Mary. In 1910 Churchill became Home Secretary, one of the most important members of the government. In 1911 he was made First Lord of the Admiralty, which put him in charge of the Royal Navy. When World War I broke out, he stayed in that job. He organized an invasion in Gallipoli which went wrong, and because of this, he was made to leave the government. He joined the army and was sent to fight in France, although he was still a Member of Parliament. In 1917 he was made minister in charge of military supplies. At the start of World War II, Churchill was again put in charge of the Navy. In 1940 the war was going badly for Britain, and the Prime Minister resigned. Churchill was given the job. Some people thought that Britain could not win the war, and that the British government should make peace with Hitler. Churchill was sure that Britain could win, and promised to continue the fight. He made famous speeches that are still remembered today. He was friends with the President of the United States, Franklin D. Roosevelt. He persuaded Roosevelt to give supplies to Britain, and to help Britain. He had many meetings with Roosevelt and with Joseph Stalin, the leader of the Soviet Union, after they came into the war. They were called the Big Three In 1945, his Conservative party lost an election, and he stopped being Prime Minister. However, he became Prime Minister again in 1951, which he was until 1955. He was knighted in 1953, and became Sir Winston, and also won the Nobel Prize in Literature. In 1955, he retired from being Prime Minister. In 1964, he retired from Parliament. Sir Winston died of a stroke at the age of 90, in 1965. Early Life


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