Presentation on theme: "The End of War SWBAT: identify the reasons for and against dropping the atomic bomb. Homework: None Do Now: What do you already know about the atomic bomb?"— Presentation transcript:
The End of War SWBAT: identify the reasons for and against dropping the atomic bomb. Homework: None Do Now: What do you already know about the atomic bomb?
Yalta Conference ▪ In February, 1945 Roosevelt, Churchill, and Stalin met at Yalta in the Soviet Union to discuss a plan for the end of WWII. ▪ They agreed that: – Germany would be divided into 4 and occupied by the Allies. – After Germany surrendered, the Soviets would declare war on Japan. ▪ In return for their help, the USSR would receive several Japanese territories. ▪ They agreed to meet again after the surrender of Germany to discuss further.
The Death of a President ▪ 2 months later on April 12, 1945 Roosevelt complained of a headache and lost consciousness. He would not wake up again. ▪ Doctors quickly realized FDR had a stroke. ▪ Later that day, Roosevelt died. ▪ Roosevelt would not see the end of the war he had fought so hard to win. Franklin Delano Roosevelt's funeral procession with horse-drawn casket, Washington, D.C.
Fall of Germany ▪ After D-Day, Allied troops made their way across France and towards Germany. ▪ On the other side of Europe, Soviet troops made their way across Poland toward Germany as well. – Soviet troops reach Berlin first and begin the offensive April 20, ▪ On April 30, Hitler and many of his top officials commit suicide in a bunker in Berlin. ▪ On May 2, 1945 Berlin falls. ▪ On May 8, 1945 the war in Europe is officially over. ▪ War with Japan, however, was expected to last another year. The Reichstag after its capture by the Soviet troops, 3 June Berlin, Germany.
Truman takes over ▪ Harry Truman took over as president after only 82 days as vice president. ▪ Prior to taking over, he had no knowledge of the Manhattan Project or the atomic bomb. ▪ It was not until April 25, he was informed that a new weapon was in creation that could end the war.
Potsdam Conference ▪ July 17- Aug. 2 the U.S., Soviet Union, and Great Britain met in Potsdam, Germany to discuss a post-war world. ▪ But there were some major changes in leadership between Yalta and now. – While Joseph Stalin remained leader of the USSR, Truman replaced Roosevelt and Clement Attlee replaced Winston Churchill.
Decisions ▪ Decisions made at the conference: – Germany would be divided into 4 zones as would Berlin. – Nazi party members would be tried at court. – Reversion of all German annexations in Europe, including Sudetenland, Alsace- Lorraine, Austria, and the westernmost parts of Poland ▪ While at the conference, Truman had gotten word that the first test of the atomic bomb had been successful. He told Stalin that a new powerful weapon would be used on the Japanese. – Stalin had known about the bomb for months. ▪ Japan was told to surrender or meet "prompt and utter destruction“.
Japan refuses to surrender ▪ In August, 1945 the Japanese Imperial government refused surrender demands. ▪ Truman now had a choice to make: – 1. Could use the atomic bomb. – 2. Could prepare for an invasion of Japan. – 3. Could continue to bomb Japan’s major cities and blockade the waterways until Japan surrendered.
Atomic Bomb Activity ▪ You will be given 4 documents relating to the atomic bomb.
The bomb ▪ Truman ultimately decided that the best way and fastest way to end the war would be the atomic bomb. ▪ On Aug. 6, the atomic bomb was dropped on Hiroshima. – Japan still did not surrender. ▪ A second bomb was dropped over Nagasaki on Aug. 9. ▪ On August 13, 1945 Japan agreed to an unconditional surrender. ▪ World War II was officially over.