Presentation on theme: "By Wojciech Graniczewski THE POWER OF MOTIVATION IN A LANGUAGE SCHOOL YALS CONFERENCE 2011."— Presentation transcript:
by Wojciech Graniczewski THE POWER OF MOTIVATION IN A LANGUAGE SCHOOL YALS CONFERENCE 2011
RECENT TRENDS IN ORGANISATION versus stability and stagnation change innovation variety flexibility
RECENT TRENDS IN MANAGEMENT Pyramid structures are replaced by flat structures
RECENT TRENDS IN MANAGEMENT Effective staff motivation is considered to be the most important aspect of successful management
STAFF NEEDS ARE STILL SIMILAR BUT THE CIRCUMSTANCES ARE DIFFERENT Therefore, school managers need to find new ways to satisfy (and manage) the needs of their staff.
FACTORS AFFECTING JOB ATTITUDES Leading to dissatisfaction Leading to satisfaction Unclear company policyAchievement Inadequate supervisionRecognition Poor relations with the bossNature of work itself Poor work conditionsResponsibility Low salaryAdvancement Poor relations with peersGrowth
What are the main motivational drives? LIGHT DARKNESS away from problems towards benefits
What is high motivation at work? High motivation is a staff member’s visible positive attitude towards the school, its goals and the job to be done, demonstrated in action.
Understanding staff needs and drives is the manager’s first step towards effective management. Responding to the expectations and needs of both the admin and the teaching staff is as important as it is with regard to the customers (students). The management must define the roles that staff members play in the school’s success and make sure they perform them effectively. Staff can either make or break the school’s business. Their positive attitude is essential for the school’s success.
Good employees want: to earn wages that will enable them to pay their bills, to have medical and other insurance coverage, to save for old age security benefits, to acquire friends at work, to win recognition, to be acknowledged for special efforts and contributions,
Good employees want : to have opportunities for self-development to improve their skills, knowledge, and know-how to demonstrate and use special gifts and abilities to realise their ideal(s).
Employees also expect: knowledgeable and experienced management clear and fair plans and policies clear job descriptions (even when flexibility is required) easy and smooth two-way communication effective supervision and positive discipline the school’s good repute and pleasant customer relations good perspectives for the school’s survival and growth opportunities for personal growth within the school a share in the school's success
adequate pay and job security (to the degree possible) clear company policies organised work procedures and standards a safe and fair work environment an atmosphere of teamwork and cooperation open lines of communication (formal and informal) systematic feedback (horizontal and vertical) social activities and other benefits Good schools respond to those needs by offering and providing :
opportunities for training, development and promotion information on the school / industry / market information on student / customer feedback information on expectations and plans for the future sharing of the school’s goals and objectives guidance, mentoring and coaching Good schools respond to those needs by offering and providing :
UNDER CONSTANT SCRUTINY School managers are under constant scrutiny of their staff (just as the staff are under constant scrutiny of the students). The staff care to know to whom they entrust their fate, reputation and security, just as the students care to know to whom they entrust their language education and future. A fair balance of these two aspects is essential for the school’s lasting success.
Education is not the filling of a pail but the lighting of a fire. William Butler Yeats Once the staff feel that their place of work is what they expect, they are ready to contribute above and beyond "the call of duty“. Then the students truly appreciate their teachers’ work, are fully satisfied with the school and want more. A highly motivated teacher is the best motivator for the students.
THE SKILL / WILL MATRIX The matrix can be used to assess your staff's willingness (motivation) and skills to do a specific task or job. Based on that assessment, you can choose how to best manage each staff member towards success. (or dismiss) (or promote)(or train) (or whip)
PRINCIPLES OF GUIDING Be clear regarding expected outcomes and limitations of time, budget, etc. Discuss and set methods. Check for understanding. Identify and provide required training. Accept early mistakes. Give responsibility and authority for the pieces of tasks employee can do. Structure tasks to minimize possible risks to employee and company. Provide frequent feedback. Require frequent checking early in the project, but relax control as progress is shown. Praise and reward for success.
PRINCIPLES OF DELEGATING Be clear regarding expected outcomes and limitations of time, budget, etc. Involve your staff in decision-making. Frequently ask them for opinions. Check for understanding. Give responsibility and authority (because they are competent and committed). Provide feedback. Ask for checking at key milestones or when questions arise. Praise and reward for success.
PRINCIPLES OF DIRECTING Discuss what would motivate your staff. Agree on what is possible. Be clear regarding expected outcomes and limitations of time, budget, etc. Set clear rules, methods, and deadlines. Check for understanding. Give responsibility and authority for the pieces of tasks they can do. Structure tasks for quick wins. Identify, organise and provide required training. Provide frequent feedback. Require frequent checking. Praise and reward for success.
PRINCIPLES OF EXCITING (motivating people) Discuss why task is important and why this person is your best choice. Show future benefits and gains. Discuss what would motivate your staff. Agree on what is possible. Be clear regarding expected outcomes and limitations of time, budget, etc. Check for understanding. Give responsibility and authority (if the person is competent). Provide frequent feedback. Require frequent checking (verbal or written). Praise and reward for success.
Participatory management versus autocratic management Leader DecidesFollowers Decide AutocraticConsultativeGroup DecidesDelegation Decide and tellDecide after consultation and/or recommendation Followers share in decision Delegation of decision with clear parameters Style 1: Autocratic Decide unilaterally and announce decision. Ask for paraphrase to make sure you have been clear. Style 2: Consult Almost decided, check reactions before final decision. Style 4: Majority Majority vote with leader having one vote and no veto power. Style 6: Delegation Delegate the decision with clear parameters of freedom. Ask for paraphrase to make sure everything is clear. Style3: Recommend Solicit inputs before deciding. Style 5: Consensus All agree after discussion.
What are the most effective modern ways of motivating people for good work? Participatory management Coaching Cross-training Delegation of responsibility Systematic supportive evaluation
COACHING The purpose of coaching is to provide help and support to people in an increasingly competitive and pressurised world in order to: identify and develop their skills, help them make right decisions, increase their motivation maximise their potential improve their performance,
COACHING ”Coaching encourages learning, invites creativity and delivers higher performance. It respects the individual, builds confidence and generates a culture where responsibility sits with the performer, not the manager”. (Downey) Coaching means ”unlocking a person’s potential to maximise their performance. It is about helping them learn rather than teaching them”. (Whitmore)
COACHING Coaching is: future-oriented rather than past-oriented about ”how” questions rather than ‘’why” questions about empathising with people in order to help them move forward about inviting people to find their own solutions about motivation for better performance and development Coaching helps: to invent and verbalise solutions to problems, to see and present a broader picture to compare intended behaviour with actual behaviour and motivate for changes
CROSS-TRAINING Cross-training is a motivational and problem-solving technique. It should be carefully planned and presented as a learning opportunity (ex. to show to BO staff what FO does or to teachers what administrators do, and vice versa). Cross training: improves understanding of different departments increases job flexibility prevents stagnation, leads to better coordination and teamwork erases differences, enmity and unhealthy competition increases knowledge, know-how, skills and work performance leads to the sharing of overall organisational goals and objectives improves overall motivation and the sharing of responsibility
JOB ROTATION Job rotation is a more sophisticated form of cross-training. It usually involves extended periods. With job rotation, the staff member is not considered as a trainee, but is responsible over certain job functions, for which he or she has to prove himself / herself. Both cross-training and job rotation create a team of people who are more knowledgeable, can easily replace each other when needed and who gain new confidence regarding their professional expertise. These techniques lead to greater motivation throughout the school.
MOTIVATION SOME MYTHS AND TIPS Can we really motivate people? Not really – they have to motivate themselves. We can't motivate people any more than we can empower them by giving them decent working terms and conditions, training, authority, responsibility, challenges, sense of purpose, esteem and opportunities for development and self-realisation. We need to set up the environment where our staff members best empower and motivate themselves. The key is knowing how to set up such environment for each individual as well as for the whole team.
MOTIVATION SOME MYTHS AND TIPS You know what motivates you, and so you know what will best motivate your other people. Not really. Different people are motivated by different things. A key to success is to understand what motivates each individual. You can't comprehend the principles of motivation because it is a science. Not true. There are some very basic steps you can take to support your staff to motivate themselves towards increased performance in their jobs.
MOTIVATION SOME MYTHS AND TIPS Money is a the best motivator. Not really. Money, a nice office and job security can prevent people from becoming less motivated. However, usually they don't help people to become more motivated. Fear is a very effective motivator. Perhaps. But for a very short time. Increased job satisfaction means increased job performance. Research shows this isn't necessarily true at all. Increased job satisfaction does not necessarily mean increased job performance. If the goals of the organisation are not aligned with the goals of the staff, then the staff aren't effectively working toward the mission of the organisation.
MOTIVATION SOME MYTHS AND TIPS Motivating other people starts with motivating yourself. Yes. Enthusiasm is contagious. If you're enthusiastic about your job, it's much easier for others to be enthusiastic too. A great place to start learning about motivation is to start understanding your own motivations. Supporting motivation is a process, not a task. Organisations change all the time, as do people. Therefore it is an ongoing process to sustain an environment where employees can strongly motivate themselves. Have one-on-one meetings regularly, not only for annual appraisal. A very good idea. People are motivated more by our care and concern for them than by our supervision. Getting to know them better can’t happen unless we set aside time to be with each of them from time to time.
MOTIVATION SOME MYTHS AND TIPS Cultivate strong skills in delegation. Convey responsibility and authority to your staff. Let them carry out certain tasks and decide how they will carry out the tasks. Delegation not only frees up a great deal of time for you but also allows your staff to take a stronger role in their jobs, which usually leads to more satisfaction, fulfillment and motivation as well. Implement at least the basic principles of participatory management. Use them to identify the most important goals, to check if the goals are being met and to decide about possible corrective actions. Establish goals that are SMARTER: specific, measurable, acceptable, realistic, timely, extending of capabilities, and rewarding to those involved.
MOTIVATION SOME MYTHS AND TIPS Reward for good performance. Focus on employee behaviours, not on employee personalities. Performance in the workplace should be based on behaviours toward goals, not on gaining popularity. Reward soon after you see it. The shorter the time between a staff member’s action and your reward for the action, the clearer it is to the staff that you highly prefer that action. Celebrate achievements We are often focused on a getting "a lot done". This usually means identifying and solving problems. Experienced managers know that acknowledging and celebrating a solution to a problem can be every bit as important as the solution itself. Without ongoing acknowledgement of success, people become frustrated, skeptical and even cynical about efforts in the organisation.
MOTIVATOR’S DOS AND DONT’S 1. DO what you say you are going to do when you are going to do it. 2. DO be responsive (return phone calls, emails). 3. DO publicly support your staff (never reprimend them in public). 4. DO admit your mistakes and take responsibility for your actions. 5. DO ask and listen. 6. DO smile and laugh. 7. DON'T show anger or be cold, distant, rude or unfriendly. 8. DON'T send mixed messages to your employees so that they never know where you stand and what you want. 9. DON'T BS your team. 10. DON'T jump to conclusions without checking facts first.