Presentation on theme: "Women at Home, in the Workplace and Beyond... Cenetral European Alliance for Women’s Empowerment International Conference in Honor of the Hungarian and."— Presentation transcript:
Women at Home, in the Workplace and Beyond... Cenetral European Alliance for Women’s Empowerment International Conference in Honor of the Hungarian and Polish EU Presidency Budapest, 29 September, 2011
„Europe cannot afford to leave talent untapped – empowering the role of women in busienss, social and political life. ” Anna Jancewicz, CAWF
CAWF activities in the changing economic and political environment: Gender issues - not much mentioned issue due to the labor market organization though „Woman is the Negro of the World” household cires + full time job Change together with the economy transition CAWF’s activities: First aid: unemployed women Mid 2000 : the economic changes well rooted ; new ideas, observations, phenomena
Background: Over thirty years of equality legislation in the European Union to promote gender equality. Gender Equality widely accepted as socially important goal but also viewed as: not necessarily in line with economic goals a constraint or a cost a societal choice or preference Need to recognize the costs of non-equality and the positive economic contribution of gender equality
Gender equality - the Economic Case Gender equality can be viewed as … an investment and not a cost a productive factor not a constraint Investment in social infrastructure to reap rewards of investment in human capital akin to investment in physical infrastructure These benefits of equality expand when we move beyond GDP as a measure of progress quality of life, well being, child poverty, etc.
Barriers towards gender equality on the labor market : (1)structural (2)invisible (mental) For over 30 years the EU has been taking numerous steps taken towards gender equality, corresponding to (set backs) : the gender pay gap unequal care burden segregation in the labor market low representation in decision ‐ making. :
Steps to break down structural barriers holding women back: Legislative measures Last generation workplace innovations, specially by corporations: policies to support women with young children, measures to help women navigate their careers (mentoring) formal sponsorship programs to ensure professional development (trainings) The next frontier is toppling invisible barriers: mind-sets widely held by managers, men and women alike, that are rarely acknowledged but block the way: Role models (home/workplace) Intellectual presdispositions
An Economic Case Gender Equality can be viewed as an investment a productive factor (workforce) exploit full productive potential of the labor force ( another 50%) economic gains at a national or regional level An economic case as a complement rather than replacement to the moral case.
Gender Equality and Growth Productive use of women’s investment in education and human capital: Utilization of all human capital investments Access to full range of skills - address shortages Returns on personal investment in human capital Gender equality as contributor to GDP higher productivity through avoidance of skill loss Lower taxes GDP growth
Gender Equality vs demographic challenges Sustainable populations positive relationship between female employment and fertility = sustainable populations (advanced gender equality – higher birth rates) rising dependency ratios = ageing populations Integration of informal work & recognizing the value of unpaid and informal work: positive contribution of tax and social contributions modern fiscal systems that avoid perverse thresholds for job creation and/or household disincentives Integration into employment more than covers investment in social infrastructure.
ParticipationGrowthFertilityFiscal Macro Employment rates, Utilization of investment in education system Investing in a productive Labor force Reduced poverty/social Exclusion Sustainable populations Funding and sustainability Meso Utilization of Human resources Access to full range of skills skill diversity avoid skill loss Work life balance policies supporting retention Avoidance of perverse tax thresholds Micro Return on personal investment in human capital domestic division of labor Reduce social risks and personal costs of inequality Individual rights, individual employment preferences Taxation without perverse disincentives Receive benefits on work done Rights for nonstandard Workers Gender equality - Economic Case The Economic Case for Gender Equality Mark Smith, Equality Pays Conference - Brussels, 8 March 2011
Factors Leveraging Equality Benefits Macro policies to expand access to employment gender-based Targets gender mainstreaming obligations Meso organisational innovations (WLB, retention) progress in organisation hierarchies Micro Improved education attainment more continuous participation shorter and fewer career breaks Factors Limiting Equality Benefits Macro lack of gender mainstreaming economic policy short-term crisis responses public sector cuts Meso segregation occupations women’s concentration in low-paid work Micro unequal division of care and unpaid work limited support for careers Gender equality Benefits The Economic Case for Gender Equality Mark Smith, Equality Pays Conference - Brussels, 8 March 2011 Factors Leveraging Equality Benefits Macro (policies) policies to expand access to employment gender-based Targets gender mainstreaming obligations Meso (emplyers) organizational innovations (WLB, retention) progress in organization hierarchies Micro (individuals) Improved education attainment more continuous participation shorter and fewer career breaks Factors Limiting Equality Benefits Macro lack of gender mainstreaming economic policy short-term crisis responses public sector cuts Meso segregation occupations women’s concentration in low-paid work Micro unequal division of care and unpaid work limited support for careers Gender equality Benefits
Drawing on the potential contribution from the whole population - risks: Exit Strategies from the recession - a risk of reduced focus on gender equality goals and thus economic benefits Risk of trying to turn back the clock on gender equality (labor market challenges) Long-term challenges remain for European societies Making the case for : Importance of gender mainstreaming policies Promoting coherent social and economic policy