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Constantin Brâncuşi (February, 1876 – March 16, 1957), was an internationally renowned Romanian sculptor, born in Hobita, Gorj, near Targu Jiu, whose sculptures.

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Presentation on theme: "Constantin Brâncuşi (February, 1876 – March 16, 1957), was an internationally renowned Romanian sculptor, born in Hobita, Gorj, near Targu Jiu, whose sculptures."— Presentation transcript:

1 Constantin Brâncuşi (February, 1876 – March 16, 1957), was an internationally renowned Romanian sculptor, born in Hobita, Gorj, near Targu Jiu, whose sculptures blend simplicity and sophistication that led the way for modernist sculptor. Constantin Brâncuşi (February, 1876 – March 16, 1957), was an internationally renowned Romanian sculptor, born in Hobita, Gorj, near Targu Jiu, whose sculptures blend simplicity and sophistication that led the way for modernist sculptor. About Constantin Brancusi… Constantin Brancusi

2 Brâncuşi grew up in a village in Romania's Carpathian Mountains, an area known for its rich tradition of folk craft, particularly ornate woodcarving. The simple geometric patterns of the craftsmen is seen in his mature works. His parents, Nicolae and Maria Brâncuşi, were poor peasants who sold their bodies for back-breaking labor, and from the age of seven he herded the family's flock of sheep. He showed remarkable talent for carving objects out of wood. Strong- willed and determined, he often ran away from home to escape the bullying of his father and older brothers. At the age of nine Brâncuşi left the village to work at menial jobs in the nearest large town. At 13 he went to Craiova where he worked at a grocery store for several years. Brâncuşi grew up in a village in Romania's Carpathian Mountains, an area known for its rich tradition of folk craft, particularly ornate woodcarving. The simple geometric patterns of the craftsmen is seen in his mature works. His parents, Nicolae and Maria Brâncuşi, were poor peasants who sold their bodies for back-breaking labor, and from the age of seven he herded the family's flock of sheep. He showed remarkable talent for carving objects out of wood. Strong- willed and determined, he often ran away from home to escape the bullying of his father and older brothers. At the age of nine Brâncuşi left the village to work at menial jobs in the nearest large town. At 13 he went to Craiova where he worked at a grocery store for several years.

3 When he was 18, impressed by Brâncuşi's talent for carving, his employer financed his education at the Craiova School of Crafts (Şcoala de Meserii). There he indulged his love for woodworking, taught himself to read and write, and graduated with honors in His works became popular in France, Romania and the United States. Collectors, notably Jhon Quinn, bought his pieces, and reviewers praised his works. In 1913 Brâncuşi's work was displayed at both the Salon des Independents and the first exhibition in the U.S. of modern art, the Armory Show. His circle of friends included artists and intellectuals in Paris such as Ezra Pound, Henri Pierre Roché, Guillaume Apollinaire, Pablo Picasso, Marcel Duchamp, Henri Rousseau, and Fernand Léger. When he was 18, impressed by Brâncuşi's talent for carving, his employer financed his education at the Craiova School of Crafts (Şcoala de Meserii). There he indulged his love for woodworking, taught himself to read and write, and graduated with honors in His works became popular in France, Romania and the United States. Collectors, notably Jhon Quinn, bought his pieces, and reviewers praised his works. In 1913 Brâncuşi's work was displayed at both the Salon des Independents and the first exhibition in the U.S. of modern art, the Armory Show. His circle of friends included artists and intellectuals in Paris such as Ezra Pound, Henri Pierre Roché, Guillaume Apollinaire, Pablo Picasso, Marcel Duchamp, Henri Rousseau, and Fernand Léger.

4 Works ► Bust of a boy (1906) ► The Prayer (1907) ► La Sagesse de la Terre (1908) ► "The Kiss“ (1908) ► “Sleeping Muse” (1910) ► “The Endless Column“ (1938) ► "The Gate of the Kiss“(1938) ► "The Table of Silence“(1938) Brancusi’s Sculpures

5 The Endless Column The Endless Column is a sculpture The Endless Column is a sculpture inaugurated in Targu Jiu, Romania on 27 October This sculpture, based on the symbolism of the axis mundi, was made as a tribute to the young Romanians who died in World War I fighting Germany, and is a stylization of the funerary pillars used in Southern Romania. In the 1950’s, the Romanian communist government considered Brâncuşi's art an example of "bourgeois" sculpture and planned to demolishit, but the plan was never executed. never executed. The Endless Column-sketch

6 It was restored between 1998 and 2000 through It was restored between 1998 and 2000 through a collaborative effort of the Romanian Government World Monuments Fund, the World Bank and other Romanian and international groups. The Endless Column is meters (96.23 feet) The Endless Column is meters (96.23 feet) high and composed of 17 rhombus-shaped modules made out of cast-iron. The artwork is depicted in Târgu Jiu's coat of arms. The artwork is depicted in Târgu Jiu's coat of arms. The Endless Column

7 Pictures with “The Endless Column” from Targu-Jiu The Endless Column-Targu Jiu The Endless Column-Targu Jiu

8 Photos with Brancusi’s works from Tirgu Jiu city The Gate of the Kiss The Table of Silence The Kiss

9 “Sleeping Muse”, bronze sculpture, 1910, Metropolitan Museum of Art Brancusi's group of Bird sculptures focused on flight

10 Team work Pupils from class X C : ► Munteanu Madalina ► Mateescu Gabriela ► Grigoras George ► Iftime Alexandru Coordinator teacher : Butnaru Gabriela Coordinator teacher : Butnaru Gabriela


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