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Chapter 16 Section 3 The End of Reconstruction Explain why support for Reconstruction declined. Describe how African Americans in the South lost many newly.

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Presentation on theme: "Chapter 16 Section 3 The End of Reconstruction Explain why support for Reconstruction declined. Describe how African Americans in the South lost many newly."— Presentation transcript:

1 Chapter 16 Section 3 The End of Reconstruction Explain why support for Reconstruction declined. Describe how African Americans in the South lost many newly gained rights. Describe the sharecropping system and how it trapped many in a cycle of poverty. Identify the signs that the South began to develop a strong economy by the 1880s. Objectives:

2 Chapter 16 Section 3 The End of Reconstruction poll tax – a personal tax to be paid before voting literacy test – a test to see if a person can read and write grandfather clause – a provision that allowed a voter to avoid a literacy test if his father or grandfather had been eligible to vote on January 1, 1867 Terms and People

3 Chapter 16 Section 3 The End of Reconstruction Homer Plessy – an African American man arrested for sitting in a coach marked “for whites only” sharecropper – a laborer who works the land for the farmer who owns it in exchange for a share of the value of the crop segregation – enforced separation of races Terms and People (continued)

4 Chapter 16 Section 3 The End of Reconstruction What were the effects of Reconstruction? The reforms of the Reconstruction era did not last. By the end of the era, African Americans were subjected to new hardships and injustices.

5 Chapter 16 Section 3 The End of Reconstruction Americans began to forget the war and focused on bettering their own lives. President Grant’s administration included corrupt, poorly chosen individuals. After the Civil War, many northerners lost faith in the Republicans for these reasons:

6 Chapter 16 Section 3 The End of Reconstruction Reconstruction was the central issue in the presidential election of Republican Rutherford B. Hayes wanted to continue Reconstruction. Democrat Samuel J. Tilden wanted to end Reconstruction.

7 Chapter 16 Section 3 The End of Reconstruction The election was close. It came down to 20 disputed electoral votes.

8 Chapter 16 Section 3 The End of Reconstruction Congress appointed a 15-person commission, mostly Republicans, to settle the election results. In return, Hayes agreed to end Reconstruction. The commission decided to give Hayes, the Republican, all 20 electoral votes. Rutherford B. Hayes

9 Chapter 16 Section 3 The End of Reconstruction With Reconstruction over, African Americans began to lose their rights in the South. Southern whites passed laws to keep African Americans from voting. One law required voters to pay a poll tax. This kept many poor freedmen from voting. Another law required voters to pass a literacy test. It included a grandfather clause that allowed illiterate whites to vote.

10 Chapter 16 Section 3 The End of Reconstruction Southern states also created laws requiring segregation, known as Jim Crow laws. WhiteBlack Hospitals Cemeteries Playgrounds Restaurants Schools Streetcars Hospitals Cemeteries Playgrounds Restaurants Schools Streetcars

11 Chapter 16 Section 3 The End of Reconstruction In 1896, the Supreme Court upheld segregation laws. This rule remained in effect until the 1950s. Homer Plessy was arrested for sitting in a coach marked “for whites only.” The court ruled that a law could require “separate but equal” facilities for blacks and whites.

12 Chapter 16 Section 3 The End of Reconstruction Many poor African Americans were forced to become sharecroppers.

13 Chapter 16 Section 3 The End of Reconstruction Landowners gave land, seed, and tools in exchange for a share of the crop. The tenant bought other supplies on credit. Landowners sold the crop. The tenant got a share, minus what he owed for supplies. Most sharecroppers owed more than they earned. Sharecropping only continued the cycle of poverty.

14 Chapter 16 Section 3 The End of Reconstruction Sharecropping was common in the South.

15 Chapter 16 Section 3 The End of Reconstruction The South’s economy began to gradually recover. Southern leaders spoke of a “New South” that would no longer depend only on cotton. The cotton, tobacco, and textile industries thrived. Factories developed iron, timber, and oil.

16 Chapter 16 Section 3 The End of Reconstruction Laws passed during this time became the basis of the civil rights movement 100 years later. African Americans were finally citizens, but they were far from full equality. Reconstruction had many successes but also some failures.

17 Chapter 16 Section 3 The End of Reconstruction Section Review Know It, Show It QuizQuickTake Quiz


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