US History Chapter 7 Note Page 26 “Reconstruction Ends”
Reconstruction North becomes weary of Reconstruction Republicans split over Grant scandals Credit Mobilier – Railroad money scam Whiskey Ring – tax evasion scam Panic of 1873 Radical Republicans have less and less control over South Reconstruction Ends….
Compromise of 1877 1876 Election Samuel Tilden (Dem) and Rutherford Hayes (Rep) run for election No electoral winner (tie) Some southern votes are disputed Hayes is given all disputed electoral votes in return for a favor Southern states threaten succession again= leads to the Compromise of 1877
Deal is Made Compromise is made Republican Hayes wins the election (given the Presidency in exchange….) He Promises that Northern troops are withdrawn from the south Reconstruction Ends! Effects of withdrawn troops: Home Rule of South reverses many of the Rep. advances - Black Codes Return - Republicans lose power - 14 Amendment is ignored!
New Rules -Black Codes are quickly reinforced -Jim Crow laws: legalized segregation of separation of the races -Segregation – Separate Blacks and whites physically -KKK: military organization used violence and terror to take away the political, economic, and social rights of African Americans -Financial Control - No Land = No Money!
Segregation Decline in freedoms End of Freedmen’s Bureau End of voting: - Poll taxes - had to pay to vote, - Literacy tests- excluded poor whites, opps! - Grandfather clause - could not vote if your granddad had been a slave Southern leaders ignored the Constitution 14 th & 15 th Amendments were NOT enforced in the South.
The New South Southern economy eventually emerged stronger than before the war Sharecropping replaced slavery More industry - mainly in textile manufacturing Better transportation – rail lines Politically, whites were still in control and blacks were denied citizenship ”Solid South” emerged = all Southern states voted overwhelming DEMOCRAT party for the next 70 years