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Trends in Efficiency Markets and Forces that Shape Them Marina Ploutakhina UNIDO.

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Presentation on theme: "Trends in Efficiency Markets and Forces that Shape Them Marina Ploutakhina UNIDO."— Presentation transcript:

1 Trends in Efficiency Markets and Forces that Shape Them Marina Ploutakhina UNIDO

2 Introduction Rapid growth in energy demand Low energy efficiency (global - 37 %) Economic opportunities (espec. for developing countries and EIT) High potential for energy savings = Significant energy efficiency market Driving forces for energy efficiency market?

3 Energy Demand by Region

4 (Source: EIA/DOE, 1993; 1996; UN, 1994) Energy, GDP & Population Trends

5 OECD & Non-OECD Energy Intensities ( ) (Source: EIA/DOE, 1993; 1996; UN, 1994)

6 Economic & Environmental Incentives Provide significant opportunities and scope for the deployment of energy efficiency technologies in developing countries Provide an opportunity to consider a new GHG emissions control strategy - EFFICIENCY

7 Capital Requirements for the Energy Sector Developing countries will require investments over $100 billion per year for the next thirty years to meet electricity demand Only US$12 billion is available from external sources

8 Capital Requirements for the Energy Sector (cont’d) (Source: IIEC, 1991)

9 Emissions Changes from 1995 to Kyoto Target (Mtc)

10 The CDM Market OECD: Mtc in 2010 in excess of the reduction target Hot Air supply: Mtc Reductions needed to meet the target : Mtc

11 CDM Market Estimates (from various studies)

12 Money Matters The ODA flow to developing countries is US$50 billion per year A CDM of US$10 billion comprises the addition of 20% The FDI flows are around US$240 bn and in this context the CDM is only 4%

13 Conclusion: A Question How energy efficiency can become a strategy for GHG emissions reduction and control and how such a strategy can be deployed by developing countries and economies in transition to enable their participation in CDM and JI?


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