Presentation on theme: "Trends in Efficiency Markets and Forces that Shape Them Marina Ploutakhina UNIDO."— Presentation transcript:
Trends in Efficiency Markets and Forces that Shape Them Marina Ploutakhina UNIDO
Introduction Rapid growth in energy demand Low energy efficiency (global - 37 %) Economic opportunities (espec. for developing countries and EIT) High potential for energy savings = Significant energy efficiency market Driving forces for energy efficiency market?
Energy Demand by Region
(Source: EIA/DOE, 1993; 1996; UN, 1994) Energy, GDP & Population Trends
OECD & Non-OECD Energy Intensities ( ) (Source: EIA/DOE, 1993; 1996; UN, 1994)
Economic & Environmental Incentives Provide significant opportunities and scope for the deployment of energy efficiency technologies in developing countries Provide an opportunity to consider a new GHG emissions control strategy - EFFICIENCY
Capital Requirements for the Energy Sector Developing countries will require investments over $100 billion per year for the next thirty years to meet electricity demand Only US$12 billion is available from external sources
Capital Requirements for the Energy Sector (cont’d) (Source: IIEC, 1991)
Emissions Changes from 1995 to Kyoto Target (Mtc)
The CDM Market OECD: Mtc in 2010 in excess of the reduction target Hot Air supply: Mtc Reductions needed to meet the target : Mtc
CDM Market Estimates (from various studies)
Money Matters The ODA flow to developing countries is US$50 billion per year A CDM of US$10 billion comprises the addition of 20% The FDI flows are around US$240 bn and in this context the CDM is only 4%
Conclusion: A Question How energy efficiency can become a strategy for GHG emissions reduction and control and how such a strategy can be deployed by developing countries and economies in transition to enable their participation in CDM and JI?